MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX
AND OF THE
FAMILY or KNOX
KEV. CHAELES EOGEES, LL.D.
FELLOW OF THE ROYAL HISTORICAL SOCIETY, FELLOW OF THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF
SCOTLAND, FELLOW OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF NORTHERN ANTIQUARIES, COPENHAGEN;
FELLOW OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF NEW SOUTH WALES, ASSOCIATE OF THE IMPERIAL
ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF RUSSIA, MEMBER OF THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY
OF QUEBEC, MEMBER OF THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF PENNSYLVANIA,
AND CORRESPONDING MEMBER OF THE HISTORICAL AND
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY OF NEW ENGLAND
PRINTED FOE THE GRAMPIAN CLUB
PRINTED BY M'FABLANE AND ERSKINE,
ST JAMES SQUARE.
HAROLD B. LEE LIBRARY
BRIGHAM YO'JNG UNIVERSITY
All who love liberty and value Protestantism venerate the
character of John Knox; no British Eeformer is more
entitled to the designation of illustrious. By three centuries
he anticipated that parochial system of education which has
lately become the law of England ; by nearly half that period
he set forth those principles of civil and religious liberty
which culminated in a system of constitutional government.
To him Englishmen are indebted for the Protestant character
of their "Book of Common Prayer;" Scotsmen for a Eeforma-
tion so thorough as permanently to resist the encroachments
of an ever aggressive sacerdotalism.
Knox belonged to a House ancient and respectable ; but
those bearing his name derive their chiefest lustre from being
connected with a race of which he was a member. The
family annals presented in these pages reveal not a few of
the members exhibiting vast intellectual capacity and moral
What follows is the result of wide research and a very
extensive correspondence. So many have helped that a
catalogue of them would be cumbrous. But special acknow-
ledgments are due to the Eev. Dr Gordon of Newbattle, Mr
David Semple of Paisley, and Mr David A. Hume of London,
who have carefully gleaned original materials. Colonel
Dewar of YogTie is entitled to best thanks for so readily
granting the use of the Lochquareit wiits. In collecting
materials from the public records Mr Walter Macleod has
evinced his usual skill and diligence, which entitle him
to the warm commendation of all who have recourse to his
Forest Hill, S.E.,
The family name of Knox has a territorial origin, being
derived from the Celtic word Cnoc, signifying a small hill.
About the year 1260, "Johanne de Cnok" is named as
witness in a charter of the lands of Ingliston, Eenfrewshire.^
On the 9th June 1272, he witnessed a gift which Sir Anthony
the Lombard made to the abbot and convent of Paisley, of
his risht in the lands of Fulton.^ " Wilelmus de Ejioc " is
witness to a charter without date, but apparently about 1284,
by Johannes de Aldhus,^ of his right in a certain portion of
land; to which were appended the seals of "Johannis de
Knoc " and others, as that of Johannis de Aldhus was not well
known (" quia sigillum meum non est 7iotorm77i"). In 1328
two payments from the exchequer of King Eobert the Bruce
were made to Alanus del Knoc, or Knockis, and in 1330 he
is named in the public accounts as Alanus de Knokis, on
receiving 44s. lOd. for conveying the royal stud to the forest
of Selkirk, from the north ("de partibus vltramontanis ").*
During the reign of Eobert III. (1390-1406), Eobert Knock
received a royal charter confirming to him the lands of
1 Keg. Mon. de Passelet, Edin. 1882, p. 58. ^ /j^-^,^ p, 51, 3 jj^-^^ p ^5
** Great Chamberlain's AccouDts, Edin. 1817, 4to, vol. i., pp. 22, 25, 209.
6 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
Knock, within the liberty of Eenfrew, on the resignation of
William Cunyngame, son of the sheriff of Ayr.^
In an instrument of sasine, dated 8th July 1472, investing
Alexander Dunbar of Westfield in certain lands at Peterhead,
" Andrea Knox de eodem " is named as a witness.^ In the
Treasurer's Accounts is named, in 1491 and subsequent years,
" Jok of Knoxe," one of the falconers of James IV.^ In
February 1498 a contract was entered into between John
Chaumer of Auchcowy and David Knox of Auchorthty in the
parish of Strichen, for the marriage of the son and heir-
apparent of the latter with one of the daughters of the
former.* "Johannes Knokis de eodem" is, in February
1507, one of a jury which served Agnes Leslie, one of the
heirs of Henry Leslie, her father, in lands situated in the
parish of Oyne, Aberdeenshire.^ " Jhon Knox of that Ilk "
obtained, on the 31st May 1538, judgment from the Lords of
Session against George Craufurd of Federat, for not fulfilling
the conditions of a " decret-arbitrale ; " Ke is also named in
a decreet of the Lords of Session against the Earl of Murray,
sheriff-principal of Aberdeen, dated 21st March 1538-9.^
Among thirty-three landed persons who, in January 1549,
constituted an assize in the county of Aberdeen for levying
a tax, is named "Gilbert Knox of that Ilk."^ The estate
from which Gilbert Knox and his predecessors derived their
designation is situated in the parish of Deer, about ten
^ Robertson's Index of Charters, 137, 14.
^ From the original in Scrabster charter-chest, quoted in "Antiquities of
Shires of Aberdeen and Banff," Spalding Club, 1862, vol. iv., p, 592.
3 Lord High Treasurer's Accounts, Edin. 1877, vol. i., pp. 177, 284, 329,
362, 367, 373.
* Antiquities of Shires of Aberdeen and Banff, iv. 65.
5 Ibid., vol. iii., p. 450. « Ibid., vol. iv., pp. 576, 232.
' Ibid., vol. i., p. 115.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 7
miles to the west ^of Peterhead. In the parish of Deer
stood the well-known Cistercian abbey, founded in 1219 by-
William Cumyn, first Earl of Buchan, and which being
suppressed at the Eeformation, the greater tithes were by its
commendator assigned to William, fourth Earl Marischal,
who, in November 1574, summoned before the sheriff those
formerly bound to pay tithes to the abbey. Among these
was "Androw Knox of that Ilk," who was adjudged to pay
"five bollis, tua firlottis, tua pekis of the teynd-schaves of
the Knoikailhous." ^ The abbey was, on the 29th July 1587,
erected into a temporal lordship in favour of Eobert Keith,
second son of the Earl Marischal, who was created Baron
Altrie. Among those who subscribed as witnesses the legal
instrument by which, on the 7th July 1587, the commendator
resigned into the king's hands the possession of the abbey for
erection into a temporal lordship, were William Knox and
George Knox,^ not otherwise designed. In a valuation
of Deer parish, made towards the close of the seventeenth
century, John Knox of that Ilk is named; he disposed of
his lands to Keith of Whiteriggs, a cadet of the Earl
Marischal. In the poll-book of Aberdeen a John Knox
appears in 1696, living in the vicinity of the lands of Knock ;
he is there designated as "grassman" at the "Maynes of
Knock," in the parish of Deer, and is assessed at six shil-
Eeturning to the Eenfrewshire family, Mr George Crawfurd*
in his history of that house derives its origin from Adam,
son of Uchtred, who, in the reign of Alexander II., received
1 Antiquities of Shires of Aberdeen and Banff, voL ii., p. 432.
2 Ihid., voL ii., p. 439.
3 List of PoUable Persons within the Shire of Aberdeen, 1696, vol. i., p. 634.
* Crawfmd's Genealogical MSS., Advocates Library.
8 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
from Walter, son of Alan, Steward of Scotland, the lands
of Knock, in the barony of Eenfrew. "The family," he
adds, " got also from the Great Stewart the lands of Eanfurlie
and Grieff Castle in feu and heretage. The son of Adam,
son of Uchthred, was Johannes de Knox, in the reign of
King Alexander III." ^
According to the chartulary of Paisley, Johannes Knok
de eodem witnessed, in August 1466, a legal instrument
between Henry, Abbot of Paisley, and John Lamond.^
In his genealogical narrative, Mr Crawfurd continues :
" The first wTiting or voucher of the family of Eanfurlie that
is extant, at least that I have seen, is a charter by King
James II. Uchtredo Knox de Eanfurlie terrarum de Eanfurlie,
and the whole estate of the family tenendis de Domino
Senescallo Scotie. It proceeds upon his own resignation,
which shows clearly that the lands were his own before, and
in this case implies they had long before pertained to his
predecessors. The designer was sometimes designed of Ean-
furlie, and sometimes of Knock." ^ " There is," adds Mr
Crawfurd, "in the public archives, a charter granted by
James III. about the year 1474, Uchtredo Knox de Craig-
ends de terris de Eanfurlie et Grief Castle on his father's
resignation, on which he had the investiture under the great
seal, to be held of the Prince and Stewart of Scotland, as
baron of the barony of Eenfrew." *
Among other arbiters to determine the boundary of lands
^ Crawfurd states that he had seen the family charters in the keeping of
the Earl of Dundonald.
« Reg. Mon. de Passelet, Edin. 1832, p. 151.
' Ihid., pp. 406, 407.
* Mr Crawfurd quotes from the original charter in the possession of Colin
Campbell of Blythswood, proprietor of the lands of Knox.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 9
belonging to the convent of Paisley and tlie corporation of
the burgh, were appointed, on the 14th February 1489,
Uchtrede Knok of Craigyns (Craigends), and Johne of Knok
of that Ilk ; they issued their decree eleven days afterwards.
In the accounts of the Lord High Treasurer, under 18th
July 1498, is the following entry : " Eesauit fra Ouchtred
Knox of the Craggans, in part of payment of Thomas Cal-
brathis remissioune, and his brothr and Andro Wawaris,
fifty lib." 1
Eespecting Uchter Knox, one of the arbiters of 1489, Mr
Crawfurd adds : " His lady is Agnes Lyle ; the presumption is
that she was Lord Lyle's daughter, because there was no other
family of that name, and they resided just in the neighbourhood
at the castle of Duchall,^ not above two or three miles dis-
tant. He left two sons, Uchter, his successor, and George
Knox, a younger son, to whom his father gave in patrimony
the half of the lands of Knoc or Knox; and to Janet
Fleeming, his spouse, a daughter of the antient family of
Barrochan, in the shire of Eenfrew, anno 1503. The charter
provides the estate disponed to them and their heirs simply."
To the notarial instrument on the institution by Mr
Patrick Coventre of Andrew, Abbot of Cambuskenneth, and
Sir John Rannaldson, canon of that abbey, in the rectory of
the church of Kippen (Kyppane), Stirlingshire, dated 21st
July 1510, the second of the seven witnesses is "Johannes
Knoc de Ardmanwell." ^ John Knox of Ardmanwell was
probably son and heir of George Knox, portioner of the
^ Lord High Treasurer's Accounts, vol. i., p. 317.
2 Sir Robert Lyle of Duchal was created Lord Lyle by James IL about
1446. His ancestors were landowners in Renfrewshire.
* Reg. Monast. S. Marie de Cambuskenneth, 1147'1535, Printed for the
Grampian Club, Edin. 1872, 4to, pp. 167, 168.
10 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
lands of Knox. He resided at Kippen, wliere he died in
October 1536. In his will, in which he is styled "Lord of
Ardmanwell," he provides that his body should 'be deposited
in the church of Kilbarchan, the family burial-place. He
names as his executors Sir Eobert Macaulay and Eobert
SempeU, while the witnesses to the will are Peter Knox and
In the " Protocol Eegister of the Diocese of Glasgow,"
under the year 1510, appear various instruments relative to
a contention between Sir John Kitchin, chaplain, and John
Knox, on behalf of his son Uchtred. Uchtred Knox had
seriously attacked and wounded Kitchin, who seems to have
held office as preceptor, in Semple College, Eenfrewshire,
and it was arranged in the archbishop's palace at Glasgow,
that both parties should submit to the award of arbiters in
the cathedral or metropolitan church. There were delays
and protests, but at length it was decided that Kitchin should
not be molested by Knox, father and son, in the enjoyment
of his office, and that they should compensate him for bodily
injury. One of the judges. Sir Peter Houston, decreed that
Uchtred should give Sir John twenty merks, and afterwards
when he came to better fortune other twenty merks, and
when he succeeded to his father's estate twenty merks
Uchter Knox, portioner of Eanfurlie, married Janet,
daughter to the Lord Semple. By this lady he had two sons,
Uchter, his successor, and William, progenitor of the House
of Silvieland; also two daughters, Hewissa, who married
^ Dunblane Cora. Reg., "Testaments." Fleming was a member of the
' Liber Protocollomm M. Cutliberti Simonis, 1499-1513, Grampian Club,
1875, vol. ii., pp. 325, 329, 341, 349-351.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 11
John Biintine of Ardoch, Dumbartonsliire, and Janet, who
married, first, Alexander, son of William Cuninghame of
Craigend, and second, John Porter field of that Ilk.^
Uchter Knox, portioner of Eanfurlie, died at Kippen on
the 30th July 1553. His inventory includes four cows,
thirty hogs, and a quantity of victual. The executors to
his will are "Janet Sempill, his spouse, Janet Knox, his
younger daughter, and William Fleming of Barrochan ; "
while among the witnesses are named "John Knox [por-
tioner] of Eanfurlie, and William Buntine of Ardoch."^
Uchter Knox, next of Eanfurlie, married a daughter of
Cuningham of Craigends, by whom he had Uchter, who suc-
ceeded him, and Andrew.^
Andrew Knox, second son of John Knox of Eanfurlie,
and granduncle of Uchter, the last laird of this family, studied
at the University of Glasgow, where he graduated A.M. in
1579. Having obtained license as a probationer, he was, in
1581, ordained minister of Lochwinnoch, Ayrshire. From
this charge he was in or about 1585 translated to the abbey-
church of Paisley. In 1592 he, at the head of a party, attacked
and discomfited a body of armed persons who, in the service
of Spain, had landed at Ailsa Craig, in the hope of re-estab-
lishing in Scotland the Eoman faith.* On the 16th December
1597, an Act was passed by the Estates of Parliament, whereby
he and others were declared to have done " loyell and gud
seruice to his Majestic and his cuntrey " by the "proceedings
aganis vmql. Hew Barclay of Ladyland, conform to the com-
mission granted to that effect." ^
In 1594 Mr Andrew Knox built a house in Paisley; it is
1 Crawfurd's Genealogy. ^ Dunblane Com, Reg., vol. ii. ^ Ibid,
4 Fasti Eccl. Scot., ii. 194, 224. ^ ^cta Pari. Scot., iv. 148.
12 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
now 25 High Street, and in an oak panel over the chimney
of the principal room are engraved his initials with those of
his wife. In the gable of this house, which he owned jointly
with John IVIaxweU of Stanelie, having placed a window,
Maxwell objected, and in 1595 applied to the magistrates to
have the window shut up. To this effect an order was
procured, which, strongly resented by Mr Knox, led his
parishioner to abandon his ministry. Holding himself
aggrieved, Mr Knox, on the 16th September 1602, complained
of Maxwell to the presbytery. At the next meeting, held on
the 14th October, Maxwell explained to the court that he
had not left the parish church from any disrespect, but be-
cause of the " deadly feud " subsisting between him and the
incumbent. He expressed penitence and promised to attend
the parish church of Eenfrew, with which the brethren were
Mr Knox had excited the animosity of another parishioner,
George Ste^wart, a solicitor, whom in the burgh court he
caused to find security not to molest him. The security was
arranged on the 1st October 1604, but on the parties meeting
immediately thereafter, Mr Knox, in presence of the magis-
trates and town council, struck his adversary on the head
with a key to the effusion of his blood. The outrage was
reported to the presbytery, who on the 4th October received
Mr Knox's acknowledgment of his error, and decreed his sus-
pension. The presbytery further gave order that Mr Knox
" sail sit in the maist patent place of the kirk of Paisley, vpone
Sunday the 19tli inst., and that after Mr John Hay (minister
of Renfrew) has delaitit the fault to the people, the said Mr
Andrew, in all humiliation, sal confes his offence to God, his
^ MS. Records of tlie Presbytery of Paisley.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 13
brethren, and tlie pairtie offendit, and sail sit doun vpoun his
knees, and ask God mercie for the same. This being done,
the bailies and sum of the honest men of the paroch sail
receive him be the hand." i
Nominated on the 2d April 1606 Bishop of the Isles by
writ of privy seal, Mr Knox was permitted by the Pres-
bytery of Paisley to proceed to his diocese for four or five
weeks. On the 20th February 1607, the presbytery, " lament-
ing the desolation of the place so frequently" since his
acceptance of the bishopric, proposed a coadjutor, but the
parishioners would not agree to accept of a colleague,
except " he wald altogether denude himself of the bishopric,
and tak to the ministerie." Mr Knox preferred to demit,
and was, on the 12th November 1607, relieved of liis charge.
On the 15th February 1610, he was a member of the court of
high commission, and on the 26th June 1611 was, by letters-
patent, preferred to the bishopric of Kaplioe, in Ireland. He
held both bishoprics till 22d September 1619, when he re-
signed that of the Isles. To his bishopric of the Isles had
been annexed, 11th August 1615, the Priory of Ardchattan
and Abbey of Icolmkill ; from the latter he carried to Eaphoe
the two principal bells. These, his successor, Bishop Lesley
of Eaphoe, was, by royal edict, dated 14th March 1635, com-
manded to restore.
Bishop Andrew Knox died on the 27th March 1633,^ at about
the age of seventy-four. He has been commended for his
piety and zeal,^ but others have charged him with intolerance,
^ MS. Records of the Presbytery of Paisley,
^ Cotton's Fasti Ecclesiae Hibernicte, vol. iv., pp. 350, 351.
^ By Mr George Crawfurd the bishop is described as **a wonderful! good
sort of man, and of great moderation, piety, and temper " (Crawfiird's MS.
14 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
deceit, and avarice. He married liis cousin-german, Elizabeth,
daughter of William Knox of Silvieland,^ by whom he had
three sons, Thomas, James, and George ; and two daughters,
Margaret, who married John Cunningham of Cambuskeith,
son of James, seventh Earl of Glencairn ; and another, who
married John Hamilton of Woodhall.^
The bishop's three sons took orders in the Church. Thomas,
the eldest, was educated at the University of Glasgow, where
he graduated M.A. in 1608.^ He and his cousin, John Knox
of Eanfurlie, were, in October 1614, retained as hostages by
the left-handed Coll of Isla, on liis making terms with the
bishop, subsequent to his seizure of the castle of Dunivaig.*
From the incumbency of Sorabie, in Tiree, he was constituted
Dean of the Isles, at the re-establishment of the diocesan
chapter, on the 4th August 1617; in February 1619 he was
promoted to the bishopric of the Isles, in succession to his
father. He was in 1622 appointed non-resident rector of the
parish of Clondevadock, in his father's diocese.^ He was
B.D., and died in 1628, without issue, aged about forty.*^ He
is represented as a man of learning and piety. According to
Crawfurd, who wrote about the year 1726, the male posterity
of Bishop Andrew Knox had become extinct.
John Knox of Eanfurlie, son of Uchtred, who died on the
21st March 1594, had three sons, Uchter, Eobert, and Patrick.
Uchter, the eldest son, predeceased his father, having died
^ MS. Notes by Mr David Semple of Paisley, Silvieland, a small estate,
is situated on the banks of the river Gryfe, in the parish of Kilbarchan.
According to another account, Bishop Andrew Knox married the daughter of
John Knox, merchant in Ayr.
' Fasti Eccl. Scot, ii. 149, 244 ; iii. 448.
^ Mun. Univ. Glasguen., iii. 6Q.
♦ Book of the Thanes of Cawdor, Spalding Club, 1859, pp. 231-233.
» MS., Trinity CoUege, Dublin, E., 3, 6. 6 Fasti Eccl. Scot., iii. 448.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 15
in December 1589. He married Margaret, daugliter of George
Maxwell of Newark, Eenfrewshire,^ by whom he had three
sons, John, his heir, George, and Alexander; and three
daughters, Susanna, Margaret, and Jane. His testament-
dative proceeds thus :
"The testament-dative and inventar of ye guidis, geir,
soumes of money, and dettis perteining to vmquhile Wchreid
Knox, zounger of Eampherlie, in ye sheriffdom e of Eenfrew,
ye tyme of his deceis, quha deceissit in the moneth of
December, the zeir of God Im v^ Ixxxix zeiris, faytfullie
maid and gevin vp be Margaret Maxwell, Lady Eampherlie,
zounger, his relict spous, in name and behalf of Sussanna,
George, Margaret, Alex^, and Jane Knoxis, yair laufull
bairnes by yie air [besides the heir] and executoris-datiue,
decernit to yair said vmquhile fader, be decreit of ye com-
missar of Edinburgh, as ye samyn decreit of ye dait at
Edin., ye fyft day of December, ye zeir of God Im v^ Ixxx
ten zeiris, at lent proportis."
To the testament-dative is attached an inventory of the
movable estate belonging to the deceased, consisting chiefly
of farm-stocking, which is valued at £653, 10s. Patrick Knox,
his brother, is named, also Thomas Knox of Silvieland, who
each received an annual rent of ten merks from the estate.^
The testament-dative of John Knox of Eanfurlie, who
died 21st March 1594, was "gevin vp be Eobert Knox for
himself and in name and behalf of Patrick Knox, his broder,
laufull bairnes to ye said vmquhile Johne Knox, yair fader,
and executors-dative decernit to him be decreit of Eob*-
Blair, commissar-deput of Lowthiane, as ye samen decreit of
ye daitt ye six day of May, ye zeir of God Im v*^ Ixxxxv
zeires, mair at lenth beiris."
1 Crawfurd's MS. Genealogy. ^ Edin. Com. Reg., vol xxii.
16 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN liNOX.
The inventory consists of victual and sums of money,
together estimated at £568, 4s. lld.^
John Knox, eldest son of Uchtred Knox and Margaret
Maxwell, and grandson of John Knox of Eanfurlie, suc-
ceeded his grandfather in 1594 He seems to have been
involved in some conflict in which his paternal uncle was
deprived of life, for on the 2d August 1604, the Presbytery
of Paisley passed the following minute :
"The qlk day the bretheren being informit of the filthie
fact of murther committed be the Laird of Eanfurlie in slay-
ing of his father's brother : therefore the bretheren directed
Mr Daniel Cunningham and Mr Patrick Hamilton, commis-
sioners, to deale and confer with the said Laird of Eanfurlie,
quhethir if they find any signs of treu repentence in him for
the said slander, and to report the same to the presbytery."
The result of the inquiry is unrecorded. But being, on
the 17th July 1606, charged by the presbytery with forsaking
the Holy Communion, he pleaded as to his cause of absence
" the sclander he lay under for the slaughter of his father's
brother, quhilk was not as yet removed, but which he hoped
would be shortly." ^
The next successor of the line of Eanfurlie was Uchter
Knox, who married Elizabeth, daughter of John Blair of
that Ilk, and by her had a son, Uchter, and a daughter,
Isobel. The latter married Eobert Muir of Caldwell, " one of
the most ancient barons in the county of Eenfrew." ^
Uchter Knox of Eanfurlie married Jean, daughter of Sir
William Mure of Eowallan, by whom he had a daughter,
Helen, who married John Cunningham of Caddell, Ayrshire.
^ Edin. Com. Reg., vol. xxviii.
' MS. Records of Presbytery of Paisley. ' Crawfurd's MS. Genealogy.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 17
In 1665 Uchter Knox sold the estate of Eanfurlie to Lord
Cochrane, afterwards Earl of Dundonald.^ On the death of
Uchter Knox of Eanfurlie without heir-male, the represen-
tation of the family devolved on the family of Knox of
Silvieland. Of this branch the ancestor was William, second
son of Uchter Knox of Eanfurlie by his wife, Janet Sempill.
He had, it is believed, as his first wife the heiress of Silvieland,
an estate granted to her ancestor Stephen, son of Nicholas, by
James, Steward of Scotland, early in the reign of King Eobert
the Bruce. William Knox, who acquired the lands of Silvie-
land, married, secondly, Margaret, daughter of Patrick Fleming
of Barrachan, by whom he had a son, William, who built a
William Knox, second of Silvieland, married Margaret,
daughter of George Maxwell of Newark, by his wife Marion,
daughter of William Cunningham of Craigends, and widow of
Uchter Knox of Eanfurlie. By her he had two sons, his suc-
cessor, and Marcus.^
John Knox of Silvieland died in August 1574. In his
will, made in the month of April preceding, he constituted
" Thomas Knok, his eldest son and heir, and John and Wil-
liam Knok, his other sons, intromitters with his whole estate ; "
he bequeathed his movable property to them and to his
daughter Janet, in equal shares. The free residue of his
goods was set down at £427, 6s. 8d., with a further sum of
£160, 13s. 4d.3
Thomas Knox, eldest son of John Knox of Silvieland,
died on the 15th November 1592. His free personal estate
was valued at £1556, 10s., of which he bequeathed a third
part to be divided among his children by his first wife.
^ Crawfurd's MS. Genealogy. ' Ibid. ^ Edin. Com. Reg., vol. iii.
18 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIKS OF JOHN KNOX.
In his will are named "Barbara Semple, his spouse," and
"William Knox, his eldest son and appeii-and heir;"
AVilliam Knox in Third and his son Thomas are witnesses.^
Robert Knox, a younger son of Thomas Knox of Silvie-
land, died in November 1625, apparently without lawful
issue. William, the eldest son, married Margaret Maxwell
(died January 1622), and by her had a son, Alexander, and
a daughter, Jean. Alexander is styled of Silvieland in 1625;
he and liis sister are legatees in the will of their uncle,
Marcus Knox, second son of William Knox, second of
Silvieland, and Ms wife, Margaret Maxwell, was a merchant-
burgess of Glasgow. He seems to have been twice married,
first to Isobel, daughter of Archibald Lyon, an opulent
burgess of Glasgow ; and secondly, to Margaret Greenlees,
also connected with a Glasgow family of substance. The
latter died on the 22d July 1604, leaving movable pro-
perty valued at £3210, 10s. Id. In her will she nominates
her husband as her only executor, and bequeaths her
means to her four children, Janet, Michael, Robert, and
Thomas. To Thomas, whom she describes as her youngest
son, she leaves a special legacy of four hundred merks.^
By Mr George Crawfurd, Archibald Lyon, father-in-law
of Marcus Klnox, is described as "a younger son of the
Lord Glamis's family, that are now Earls of Strathmore
and Kinghorn." He adds : " He fell into trade at Glasgow,
and got an immense estate, chiefly in the city, and was
esteemed the greatest merchant in his time. He married
* Edin. Com. Reg,, vol. xxv.
* Hamilton of Wishaw's Lanarkshire, pp. 125, 126 ; Dr Gordon's History of
Glasgow, 1872, vol. ii., pp. 697, 698.
^ Edin. Com. Reg., vol. xl.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 19
a gentlewoman in the west that brought him a very con-
siderable alliance and friendship, viz., Margaret, daughter
of James Dunlop of that Ilk in Ayrshire, whose lady was
Elizabeth Hamilton, daughter of Gavin Hamilton of Orbres-
ton, in Lanarksliire, descended but lately before that of an
immediate brother of the illustrious house of Hamilton — I
mean the Duke of Hamilton's family. Mr Lyon left a
most numerous progeny flowing from his daughters, that
the most wealthy and most considerable people of Glasgow
and the neighbouring gentry are descended of him."
In a modern " History of Glasgow," it has been proved by
Mr Joseph Bain, that Archibald Lyon was son of Donald
Lyon, a merchant in the city, whose ancestors seem to have
long before traded in the place. Mr Bain denies that Marcus
Knox had Isobel Lyon as his first wife, alleging that Margaret
Greenlees was his only spouse.^ On the other hand, Mr-
Bain shows, from an instrument of apprising, dated 1st
October 1663, that Marcus Knox had an eldest son, William.
Now, in the will of Margaret Greenlees, wife of Marcus Knox,
she, in enumerating her children, among whom she divides
her substance, omits to name William, which would serve
to show that he was born of a former marriage, and through
his own mother adequately provided for. According to John
M'Ure, who published a history of Glasgow in 1736, Marcus
Knox presented a great bell to the cathedral of that city, in
place of one which had been removed at the Eeformation. The
bell was accidentally rent in 1789, when it was re-cast, a
legend, indicating the original donor, being inscribed upon it.^
1 History of Glasgow, edited by J. T, S. Gordon, D.D., and others, 1872,
pp. 450, 696-701, 854-857.
^ Pr Gordon's History of Glasgow, p. 689. In this work Mr Joseph Bain
20 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
Marcus Knox is known to have survived the 31st May
1610, when his name appears in a contract in connection
mth his property.^ Of his eldest and youngest sons we
obtain some particulars. William Knox, the eldest son, was
a merchant-burgess of Glasgow. He married, and had an
eldest son, John, apparently a minor in 1659. He died
iDefore this period, in circumstances of indigence.^
Thomas, youngest son of Marcus Knox and Margaret
Greenlees, engaged in merchandise at Glasgow. He married
Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew Spang, an opulent" merchant
at Glasgow, and whose son William was pastor of the
Scottish Church at Eotterdam, and author of a work on the
civil war. William Spang, father of Andrew Spang, and
grandfather of Mrs Elizabeth Knox, an eminent physician
and apothecary at Glasgow, married Christian Hamilton, of
the family of Silverton Hill, a branch of the noble House of
By his vnie, Elizabeth Spang, Thomas Knox had three
sons, Thomas, William, and John, and two daughters, Helen
and Margaret. Helen, the elder daughter, married Henry
Crawford, merchant, Glasgow, with issue two sons, Thomas
and William, and a daughter Helen. Margaret, the younger
daughter, married John Hay of Inchnoch, with issue a child
who died in infancy.*
Thomas, eldest son of Thomas Knox and Elizabeth Spang,
was a merchant and shipowner in Belfast. He was sovereign
or chief magistrate of Belfast in 1685. Having purchased
lands at Dungannon, in the county of Tyrone, which
seeks to disprove that Marcus Knox was donor of the bell. The question is
1 Dr Gordon's History of Glasgow, p. 698. ^ /j^^ ggg^ 599
' Crawfurd's Genealogy. * M'Ure's History of Glasgow.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 21
formed part of the estate of the Earls of Donegal, he left
Belfast and retired to his possessions. Consequently, on
the 17th October 1697, he addressed to the corporation of
Belfast a letter resigning his position as a burgess. The
letter proceeds thus :
" Whereas I have now changed the place of my residence,
and removed from Belfast to Dungannon, where I cannot be so
useful or serviceable to the corporation as my inclinations do
lead me, and my place of a burgess doth require, I do there-
fore resign my place of burgess into the hands of the Et.
Hon. Arthur, Earl of Donegal, sovereign of the said borough,
and to the rest of the burgesses, to be by them disposed of, as
in justice and equity they shall think fit. As witness my
hand this 17th October 1697. Thomas Knox."i
Thomas Knox of Dungannon has, by George Crawfurd the
genealogist, been celebrated thus :
" He was all his life long firmly attached to the Protestant
interest, and distinguished himself eminently that way in
the reign of King James VII. As he had always the settle-
ment of the Crown in the Protestant line much at heart,
so when he saw that settled by Act of Parliament, no man
had gi'eater joy or expressed more satisfaction in it as the
surest and firmest bulwark of the religion and liberties of
the subject. Mr Knox eminently distinguished himself in
his zeal in the latter end of the reign of Queen Anne, in
maintaining and supporting the right of succession in the
illustrious House of Hanover, and even lessened his estate,
at least for a time, in making representatives for the House
of Commons in Ireland that were all firm to the Protestant
succession. Upon the accession of King George I. to the
crown, Mr Knox's eminent merit and services having been
justly represented and laid before his Majesty, his Majesty
^ History of Belfast, by George Benn, p. 265.
22 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
had so due a sense of his great merit, as he proposed to raise
him to be a peer of the realm of Ireland, and named him
one of the Lords of his most honourable Privy Council. By
reason of his great age and that he had no heir-male of his
own body, and even from an excess of modesty, he declined
the honour of peerage, which could not have subsisted long,
since dignities in that kingdom, as conferred on the patentee
and the heirs-male of their bodies, are not descendable to heirs
of line and law "without a special limitation. But though
Mr Knox had left Scotland and settled in Ireland, yet he
took care that a record or authentic voucher should remain
in Scotland of his descent from the ancient family of Ean-
furly, and of which in his own time he came to be the repre-
sentative, for he applied to the Lord Lyon, Sir Charles
Erskine of Cambo, to get his coat of arms matriculate, which
was done accordingly, and is recorded in the Lyon Office, viz. :
" ' Thomas Knox, Esq., in the kingdom of Ireland, lawfull
son to Thomas Knox, descended of the family of Eanfurlie,
in tlie . kingdom of Scotland : Gules, a falcon volant, or,
within an orb wa\'y on the outer side and ingrailled on the
inner side, argent. Crest — A falcon close perching proper.
Motto—'' Moveo et Proficior." '
" But this coat of arms was given to Mr Knox w^hen he
was but a cadet and a branch of the House of Eanfurlie, but
when he came to be heir-male and representative of the
family himself, he might, in my humble opinion, have disused
this mark of cadency, the ingrailling of the border on the
inner side, and worn it altogether waved as the principal
coat, and his heirs of line, tailzie, and provision may do the
Thomas Knox of Dungannon married a daughter of Mr
Kirk, M.P. for Carrickfergus, and was father of three
daughters. His eldest daughter, married General Echlin,
1 Crawfurd, MS. Genealogy of Family of Knox.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 23
by whom she had one son, who assumed the name and
arms of Knox, and succeeded to the Dungannon estates.
He died in London unmarried.^
William, second son of Thomas Knox and Elizabeth Spang,
was a merchant-burgess of Glasgow. Mr George Crawfurd,
who knew him personally, states that he died without issue
in April 1728, aged seventy-six, bequeathing to his nephew,
Thomas Knox of Dungannon, a considerable fortune.^ This
fortune is set down by M'Ure, the Glasgow historian, at one
hundred thousand merks.
John, third and youngest son of Thomas Knox and Eliza-
beth Spang, acquired the lands of Ballycreely, near Comber,
county Down. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Hugh
Keith, county Down, whose ancestors belonged to Galston
in Ayrshire.^ Dying in 1722, he was succeeded by his only
son, Thomas, who was deputy-governor of the county Tyrone,
and sometime M.P. for Dungannon. Thomas Knox died in
1769. His wife was Hester, daughter of John Echlin of
Ardquin, county Down, and grand-daughter of Eobert Echlin,
Bishop of Down and Connor, who died 1635, and whose
father was Andrew Echlin of Pittadro, Fife, son of William
Echlin, who in 1517 was representative of the old family
which bore his name.^
By his wife, Hester Echlin, Thomas Knox was father of
two sons, Thomas and John, and two daughters, Hester and
Elizabeth. Hester, the elder daughter, married James
Moutray of Favour Koyal, county Tyrone, M.P. Elizabeth,
the second daughter, married Matthew Forde, Esq. of Sea-
1 M 'lire's History of Glasgow. ' Crawfurd's MS. Genealogy.
' Hill's Montgomery Manuscripts, Belfast, 1869, p. 163.
* Ibid.f p. 137 ; Crawfurd's Memoirs of the Echlins of Pittadro.
24 GEXEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
fonle, county Down. John, the second son, married, in 1766,
the only daughter of Henry Waring, Esq. of Waringstown,
county Down, by whom he had two sons, Henry and Thomas.
Thomas became a lieutenant-colonel in the foot-guards. He
married Emma, daughter of Thomas Williams, Esq., and by
her (who married, secondly. General Sir Henry Campbell,
K.C.B.) had three sons — Henry, Thomas, and Brownlow,
M.P. Brownlow Knox married Miss Sutton.
Thomas Knox, elder son of Thomas Knox of Dungannon,
was bom 29th April 1729 ; he succeeded in 1769 to the
paternal estates. After long representing in Parliament the
borough of Dungannon, he was, on the 16th January 1781,
raised to the peerage of Ireland, as Baron Welles. On the
5th July 1791, he was created Viscount Northland. He died
5th November 1818. By his wife, Anne, second daughter
of John, first Lord Knapton, and sister of John, first Vis-
count de Vesci (she died 14th October 1803), he had seven
sons — Thomas, John, Vesey, William, George, Charles, and
John, the second son, a major-general in the army, was
appointed governor of Jamaica in 1800 ; he was drowned on
his passage to that island. i
Vesey, third son, was born in 1760. He married, in 1792,
Catherine, daughter of General Gisborne (died 1830), and by
her had two sons and a daughter, Marian Diana, who married
the Rev. Eichard Nugent Horner. Thomas Gisborne, the
elder son, born 6th May 1799, died unmarried in February
1853. Edmund Francis, the second son, born 1802, married,
in 1831, Mary Anne, daughter of the Eev. Bernard Ward
(died 1850), and by her had Vesey Thomas Edmund, born
1836. An officer in the 52d Infantry, he married, 1st
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 25
October 1862, Margaret Clarissa, second daughter of the
Eev. James P. Garrett, rector of Kellistown, county Carlow,
with issue — Bernard Henry, born 1846 ; Thomas Fortescue,
born 1850; Catherine, married in 1857 Richard Ross, M.D.;
Fanny, died 1861 ; and Caroline.
William Knox, fourth son of Thomas Knox, Viscount
Northland, was born in 1762. Entering the Church, he
was in 1794 appointed Bishop of Killaloe, and in 1803
was preferred to the bishopric of Derry.
Bishop William Knox married, in 1785, Anne, daughter of
James Spencer, Esq. (died 1834), by whom he had four sons
and eight daughters. James Spencer Knox, D.D,, the eldest
son, born 1789, died 1862. He published " The Mediator of
the New Covenant," Dublin, 1835, 8vo; and " The Thought-
ful Year," Dublin, 1844, 8vo. He married, in 1813, Clara,
daughter of the Right Hon. John Beresford (died 1862), and
by her had three sons and four daughters. The eldest son,
Thomas George, born 1824, was, prior to 1851, a lieutenant
in the 98th Regiment. He is now Consul-general at Siam ;
and has married (with issue) a princess of that kingdom.
Charles John Beresford, second son, born 1825, is in holy
orders ; he married, in 1857, Christina, daughter of the Rev.
Edward Leslie, with issue. George Beresford, third son, was
born 1830. Of the daughters, Barbara Anne married, 1845,
John Stevenson; Clara Elizabeth married, 1847, John
Madden of Spring Grove, Fermanagh — she died in 1861;
Isabella Frances and Frances Harriet are unmarried.
William, second son of Bishop William Knox, was born
ill 1790, and was a clergyman of the Irish Church. He
married, first, in 1811, Sarah, daughter of Sir A. Ferguson,
Bart., by whom he had three sons — William, Andrew Fergu-
26 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
son, and Thomas John. William, the eldest son, bora
1813, was of the INladras Civil Service. He married, in
1853, Gertrude, daughter of T. Dobine, E.N.; she died
in 1860, leaving William, born 1858, Frances Emma, and
Emily Annie. He married, secondly, 11th July 1862,
Mary Isabella, daughter of B. Trend, Esq. of Boskell,
county Limerick, and niece of Field-Marshal Viscount
Andrew Ferguson Knox of Urney Park, second son of the
Rev. William Knox and Sarah Ferguson, was born in 1816.
He married Katherine, daughter of Latham Blacker, Esq.,
and died in 1870, leaving William Ferguson, bom in 1861,
and other issue.
Thomas John, third son of the Eev. William Knox, born
1819, married, in 1849, Emma Augusta, daughter of James
Carey, Esq. of Guernsey.
The Rev. William Knox married, secondly, in 1821, Louisa,
daughter of the Rev. Sir J. Robinson, Bart., and died in 1860,
having by her (who died in 1849) had issue — Mary Louisa,
married John Boyd, Esq. of Ballynacool ; Anne Ellen, married
the Rev. J. Carey; Charlotte Esther; and Frances Emily,
married Robert Vesey Truell, Esq., who died in 1867.
George Knox, third son of Bishop William Knox, born
1799, became lieutenant-colonel in the Coldstream Guards.
Charles Henry, fourth son, born 1808, was lieutenant-colonel
in the army ; he died in 1864. Colonel C. H. Knox trans-
lated Goethe's "Faust," and among other works published
" Harry Mowbray," Lond., 1843, 8vo; ''Day Dreams," Lond.,
1843, 8vo; "Traditions of Westem Germany," Lond., 1841,
3 vols. 8vo; "The Spuit of the Polka," Lond., 1845, 8vo;
" The Ark and the Deluge," Lond., 1852, 8vo; '' Confessions
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 27
of Country Qiuarters/' Lond., 1852, 3 vols. 8vo ; " The Defen-
sive Position of England/' Lond., 1852, 8vo ; and " The Six
Days/' Lond., 1853, 8vo.
Of the bishop's eight daughters, Jane, the eldest, died in
1861 ; Anne EKzabeth, the second daughter, died unmarried ;
Isabella, third daughter, married, in 1824, Octavius Wigram,
and is deceased ; Selina Elizabeth, fourth daughter, married,
in 1816, William Ponsonby Barker, and is deceased; Frances
Leticia, fifth daughter, married, in 1837, the Hon. and Eev.
A. W. Pomeroy ; Henrietta Mary Octavia, sixth daughter, mar-
ried, 1845, Mons. Adolphe Auguste de Sturler, and is deceased;
Emily Lavinia, the seventh daughter, married, in 1842, Major-
General Ormsby, R.A., governor of the Eoyal Military
Academy, Woolwich, and by him (died 1869) has an only
child, Frances Emily, married, first. Colonel H. F. Strange,
C.B., RH.A., and secondly, February 1875, Percy Smyth
Beamish, Esq., of the Admiralty ; Helen Adelaide, eighth
daughter, married, in 1850, the Rev. W. A. Ormsby.
The Right Hon. George Knox, D.C.L., fifth son of Thomas
Knox, Viscount Northfield, married, first, in 1805, Anne,
second daughter of Sir Thomas Staples, Bart., who died in
1811, and by her had issue three sons, Thomas Pery, Henry
Barry, and George James. Thomas Pery, the eldest son, born
1805, married Frances Elizabeth, daughter of Captain George
Burdett, R.N., with issue — George Uchter, major R.A., born
1837; and Catherine Isabella Florence. Henry Barry, the
second son, born 1808, co-dean of Booking, rector of Hadleigh,
Suffolk, married, first, 1841, Jane, daughter of the Hon. and
Rev. Arthur Vesey, and by her (Avho died in 1846) had issue,
Anne Louisa. He married, secondly, 1856, Elizabeth Jane,
daughter of the Hon. Admiral E. S. P. Knox, and by her
28 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
(who died in 1855), had issue, Emily Jane. George James,
the thii'd son, was born in 1810.
The Eight Hon. George Knox married, secondly, Harriet,
daughter of Thomas Fortescue, Esq., who died in 1 8 1 6. By her
he had a son, John Chichester, captain of dragoons, born 1815,
married, 1853, Lady Louisa Dawson Damer, sister of the Earl
of Portarlington ; also a daughter, Isabella, who married, in
1837, J. Tisdall, Esq. of Charlesfort, county Meath. The
Eight Hon. George Knox died in 1827.
Charles Knox, sixth son of Thomas Knox, Viscount North-
land, was ordained deacon and priest in 1799, and in 1814
was appointed Archdeacon of Armagh; he died in 1825.
By his wife, Hannah, daughter of Eobert Bent, Esq., M.P.,
and widow of James Fletcher, Esq. (she died in 1852), he
had issue four sons.
Thomas, the eldest son, rector of Lurgan, born 1817,
married, first, in 1840, Eliza Winckworth, daughter of Ellis
Bent, Esq. (who died in 1850), and by her had issue — Charles
Jeffrey, Madras Civil Service, born 7th July 1841, married, 11th
August 1864, Elizabeth Georgia a, third daughter of the Eev.
Thomas Dawson Logan, rector of Charlestoun, county Louth,
and has issue — Thomas Vesey Melrith, born 17th August
1865 ; Charles Arthur Northland, born 15th January 1867 ;
Ellis Heniy, born 1842 ; Eobert Uchtred, born 1844 ; Dawson
Thomas, born 1845 ; Vesey, born 1847 ; Cheney John Maun-
sell, born 1848. He married, secondly, in 1861, Emily Jane,
daughter of the Eev. T. D. Logan, and by her has William
Arthur Logan, born 1864; Thomas George Keith, born 1869 ;
Frances Mary Winifred, and Emily Elizabeth.
Eobert Bent Knox, D.D., Bishop of Down, Connor, and
Dromore, is second son of Charles Knox, Archdeacon of
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 29
Armagh. Born 25tli September 1808, he married, 5th
October 1842, Catherine Delia, daughter of Thomas Gibbon
Fitzgibbon of Ballyseeda, county Limerick, by whom he has
had Charles Edmond, born 1846 ; Thomas John, born 1848,
married, 8th August 1871, Edith Maud, eldest daughter of
William Anketell, Esq. of ArdtuUa, county Down, and died
5th December 1875; Eobert John Sheffington, born 1851,
died 5th May 1874; Edith Katherine Mary, and Evelyn
Charles George Knox, third son of Archdeacon Charles
Knox, died in July 1878. He married, in 1840, Isabella
Hannah, daughter of Ellis Bent, Esq., with issue, Ada Eliza,
Isabel Maud, Kathleen, and Mary'Gisborne. Kathleen Knox
has published "Eather Time's Story -Book," London, 1873;
"Fairy Gifts," London, 1875; "Lily of the Valley," London,
1875; " Meadowleigh," London, 1876; "Seven Bii'thdays,"
London, 1876; "Wndflower Win," London, 1876; also
"Queen Dora: the Life and Lessons of a Little Girl."
George John, fourth son of Archdeacon Charles Knox, was
born in 1815.
Edmund Knox, D.D., seventh son of Thomas Knox, Vis-
count Northland, entered the Church. Dean of Down in
1817, he was, in 1831, consecrated Bishop of Killaloe ; and in
1834 was preferred to the see of Limerick. He died in 1849.
Bishop Edmund Knox married, in 1796, Anna Charlotte,
daughter of Sir Thomas Hesketh, Bart., and by her (who
died in 1837), had two sons and four daughters. The eldest
son, Edmund Dalrymple, Archdeacon of Killaloe, was born
in 1801. By his wife, Agnes Mary, daughter of Lieut.-Colonel
Hay, he has had issue — Charlotte, married, 1852, Thomas
Bathj Esq. ; Anne Georgina, married, 1864, William Dunville,
30 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
Esq. of Eiclimond Lodge, county Dowu; Agues Isabella,
married, 1850, Colonel Henry H. Greer, C.B., of the Grange,
^loy, county Tyi'one.
Charles, second son of Bishop Edmund Knox, born 1811,
man-ied, in 1838, Mary Anne, daughter of George Hardacre,
Esq. Jesse Diana, eldest daughter, married, in 1827, the
Rev. J. T. O'Neill. Harriet Anne, second daughter, mar-
ried, in 1819, D. E. Ross, Esq., and died 4th February 1864 ;
he died 1850. Fanny, thu'd daughter, married, in 1832, the
Rev. Marcus M'Causland. Ann, fourth daughter, married,
1832, Colonel Henry Smith, who was killed at Inkerman;
she died in 1859.
Thomas, eldest son of Lord Northland, was born 5th
August 1754, and succeeded his father as second viscount.
He was, on the 6th July 1826, created a peer of the United
Kingdom, as Baron Ranfurly, and in September 1831 was
advanced in the peerage of Ireland as Earl of Ranfurly. His
lordship died 26th April 1840. He married, 2d June 1785,
Diana Jane, eldest daughter and co-heiress of Edmond,
Viscount Pery, and by her (who died 24th November 1839)
had four sons and a daughter, Frances, who died at Nice on
the 26th December 1861.
Edmond Sexton Pery Knox, second son of the first Earl
of Ranfurly, an admiral in the Royal Navy, was born in 1787,
and died 24th March 1867. Having married, 3d July 1813,
Jane, daughter of William Hope Vere, Esq. (who died 24th
November 1785), he had by her one son and three daughters.
Thomas Edmond Knox, only son of Admiral Edmond
Knox, became a major-general in the army, and C.B. ; he
was born 16th March 1820. He married, 22d October 1826,
Lucy Diana, daughter of William W. Maunsell, Archdeacon
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 31
of Limerick, with issue — Thomas Francis Edmond, captain
Koyal Hussars; William George, lieutenant E.H.A., born
20th October 1847; Frederick Charles Northland, sub-lieu-
tenant in the army, born 8th November 1857 ; and Alice
Elizabeth, married Eev. W. Blake.
Of the three daughters of Admiral Edmond Knox, Eliza-
beth Jane married the Very Eev. Henry Barry Knox, and
died 4th March 1855. Susan Euphemia and Isabella Mary
Cecil are unmarried.
John Henry Knox, third son of the first Earl of Eanfuiiy,
was born 26th July 1788, and died 27th August 1872. He
married, 12th February 1822, Mabella Josephine, daughter
of Francis, first Earl of Kilmorey, by whom he had six
daughters and four sons. Thomas Francis, the eldest son, born
24th December 1822, is priest of the Oratory, Brompton.
Henry Needham, second son, commander E.N., born 19th
May 1831, married, 1st March 1859, Alexandrina Henrietta
Wilhelmina, daughter of Mons. Lant by his wife, Isabella
Eoper, and by her (who died 1875) has Edward, born 23d
September 1860 ; Lucy, born 14th May 1862 ; and Alice
Charlotte, born 12th June 1863.
Octavius Newry, thii'd son of John Henry Knox, born 8th
April 1836, married, 23d August 1866, Lucy, fourth daughter
of the late Hon. S. E. Spring Eice, with issue — Geoffrey, born
11th January, died 30th March 1871; Lionel Stephen, born
5th February 1874, died 20th May following ; Hester, born
19th July 1867 ; and another daughter, born lOtli December
Arthur Edward Ellis, fourth son, was born 12th August
John James Knox, lieutenant- colonel in the army, fourth
32 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
son of the first Earl of Eanfurly, was born 3d April 1790.
He married Mary Loiisia, daughter of Edward Taylor, Esq.
of Bifrons, county Kent, and died 9th July 1856, leaving a
daughter, Emily Louisa Diana, married, 25th September
1845, Robert Dundas, Esq. of Arniston, Edinburghshire.
Thomas Knox, eldest son of the first Earl of Ranfurly,
was born 19th April 1786. He succeeded as second earl in
1840, and died 21st March 1858. His lordship married, 28th
February 1815, Mary Juliana, daughter of the Most Rev.
Wniiam Stuart, Archbishop of Armagh, and Primate of
all Ireland, and by her (who died 11th July 1866) had three
sons and six daughters. WilHam Stuart, the second son,
born 11th March 1826, is a colonel in the army, and was
sometime M.P. for Diingannon. He married, 26th August
1856, Georgina, daughter of John Bonfoy Rooper, Esq. of
Abbot's Ripton, Hunts, by whom he has a son, Thomas
Granville, born 22d December 1868, and two daughters,
Violet Mary and Florence May.
Granville Hemy John, third son of the second Earl of Ran-
furly, was born 1st August 1829, and died 18th August 1845.
^Mary Stuart, eldest daughter, married, 20th September 1854,
John^ Page Reade, Esq. of Stretton, county Suffolk. Louise
Juliana, second daughter, married, 14th August 1839, Henry
Alexander of Forkill, county Armagh, with issue. Elizabeth
Henrietta, third daughter, is unmarried. Juliana Caroline
Frances, fourth daughter, married, 15th October 1862, Lieut-
General Sir Edward Walter Forestier Walker, K.C.B., of
Manor House, Bushey, Herts, colonel 94th Foot. Flora Sophia
Ann, fifth daughter, is unmarried. Adelaide Henrietta Louisa
Hortense, married, 26th September 1850, Joseph Goff, Esq. of
Hale Park, Hants, who died in 1872.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIES OF JOHN KNOX.
Thomas Knox, eldest son of the second Earl of Eanfurly,
was born 13th November 1816. He succeeded his father as
third earl, 21st March 1858, and died on the 20th May of
the same year.
Thomas, third Earl of Eanfurly, married, 10th October
1848, Harriet, daughter of James Eimington, Esq. of
Broomhead Hall, Yorkshire, with issue two sons and a
daughter, Agnes Henrietta Sarah, who married, 1st December
1870, Nugent Murray Whitmore Daniell, Esq., Bombay C.S.
Thomas Granville Henry Stuart, elder son, born 28th July
1849, succeeded his father as fourth earl. A captain of the
Grenadier Guards, he died in Abyssinia, 10th May 1875.
In the earldom he was succeeded by his brother, Uchter John
Mark, born 14th August 1856.
The Earl of Eanfurly bears as his escutcheon : Gules, a falcon
volant, or, within an orb, wavy on the outer and engrailed on
the inner side, argent. Crest — A falcon close, standing on a
perch proper. Sup2:)orters — Two falcons, wings inverted,
proper, ducally gorged, lined, beaked, numbered, and belled
or. Motto — " Moveo et proficior."
William Knox, of the Silvieland branch, by Mr George
Crawfurd erroneously described as a son of Marcus Knox of
Glasgow,^ proceeded to Ireland, and engaging in merchandise
at Dublin, became opulent. He acquired the estate of
Lifford, in county Donegal, and having married Camp-
bell, by her left at his decease in 1650 (with three
daughters) two sons, John and William. The former
having settled at Dublin, was elected sheriff of that city
in 1675, and Lord Mayor in 1685. He was knighted 6th
February 1685. He had a grant by Privy Seal, dated at
^ See supra, p. 20.
34 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
Wliitehall 23d October 1G85, confirmed by another dated at
Dublin, 29tli December 1685, giving him the exclusive right
of a copper coinage for Ireland for twenty-one years. He
married Hannah, sister of Colonel Eoger Moore, M.P. for
Phillipstown and Mullingar, and died, without issue, 3d
William, second son of William Knox of Lifford and
Campbell, was born about 1630. He purchased lands
in the counties of Sligo and Eoscommon and the estate of
Castlerea in the county of Mayo, and his name is appended
to the loyal addresses from that county to Charles II. in 1682
and 1683. In his will, dated 30th July 1705, and proved
20th November 1707, he names liis cousin, John Knox of
Dungannon. He married, first, Mary, daughter of Eoger
Palmer of Castle Lacken, county Mayo, by whom he had
three sons, Francis, Arthur, and Eichard, and a daughter,
Mary. He married, secondly, the daughter and heiress of
Crofton, of Eappa Castle, by whom he had two sons,
William, of Dublin, clerk of the Crown, of the Peace, and
of the Assizes for the province of Connaught, and John.
Mary, only daughter of William Knox of Castlerea,
married, in 1705, Thomas Bell, Esq., alderman of Dublin,
and Lord Mayor in 1702.
Eichard of Lissadrone, county Mayo, third son of William
Knox of Castlerea, died in 1754, without issue. Francis, the
eldest son, born 1682, acquired the estate of Moyne Abbey,
county Mayo, of which he was high sheriff in 1718. He
died in 1730. He married Dorothy, fourth daughter and
co-heiress of Maurice Annesley of Little Eath, county KQ-
dare, nephew of Arthur, first Earl of Anglesea, by whom he
had three sons, Thomas, James, and Francis; also four
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 35
daughters. Sarali, eldest daughter, married Francis Blake,
Esq. ; Dorothy, second daughter, born 15th November 1729,
married Thomas Kutledge, Esq. of Killala; EUinor, third
daughter, born 22d November 1730, died unmarried; Mary-
Ann, fourth daughter, born 3d May 1728, died in 1800 un-
married ; Thomas, the eldest son, died unmarried.
James Knox of Moyne Abbey, second son of Francis Knox
and Dorothy Annesley, was born 22d July 1724, and died in
1806. He married Dorothea, second daughter of Peter Eut-
ledge, Esq. of Cornfield, by whom he had four sons and four
daughters. Francis, the eldest son, of Moyne Abbey, born
1754, was assistant barrister in the county of Sligo, and king's
counsel. In 1797 he represented Phillipstown in Parliament.
He died unmarried 12th April 1821. John, second son, of
Summer Hill, Dubhn, married Sarah, daughter of Daniel
Graham, Esq., of county Mayo, with issue. WiUiam, the
third son, entered the East India Company's service, and died
in his nineteenth year. James, fourth son, captain in the
51st Foot, died at Armagh.
Francis Knox, third son of Francis Knox of Moyne Abbey
and Dorothy Annesley, born 16th July 1726, settled at
Eappa Castle, county Mayo, of which county, as well as of
Sligo, he served as high sheriff. He died in 1813. Having
married, 25th March 1761, Mary, daughter and co-heiress
of Annesley Gore, Esq. of Belleek, M.P., county Mayo,
brother of Arthur, first Earl of Arran (she died 31st October
1818), he had by her six sons and six daughters.
Annesley Gore Knox, the eldest son, succeeded his father
in the estate of Eappa Castle, and died 4th July 1839.
Having married, 28th July 1793, Harriette, sister of Sir Eoss
Mahon, Bart., he had issue eight sons and five daughters.
36 GE^^:ALOGICAL MEMOIKS of JOHN KNOX.
Francis and Ross, the first and second sons, died yonng.
Annesley Knox, the eldest surviving son, born 1798, suc-
ceeded his father. He married, 18th October 1833, Eliza-
beth, daughter of Arthur Knox, Esq. of Bushfield, county
Mayo, with issue seven sons and six daughters. Of three
sons who survived their father — viz., Annesley Arthur, Ross
Mahon, Robert Henry — and Francis Richard, the eldest,
Annesley Arthur has succeeded to the family estate.
St George Henry Knox, in holy orders, second surviving son
of Annesley Gore Knox of Rappa Castle, married, December
1836, Ann C. St George, with male issue. James Annesley,
J.P., third surviving son, married, 28th March 1833, Mary
Mina, daughter of Henry William Knox, Esq. of Netley Park,
with issue two sons and two daughters. John, fourth son,
married, and has sons. Henry Augustus, fifth son, married
Eleanor, daughter of Henry William Knox, Esq., with issue
three sons and two daughters. Francis William, the sixth
son, is unmarried.
Francis Knox, J. P., second son of Francis Knox and Mary
Gore, died in 1803 unmarried. James, third son, was born
25th March 1774. He settled at Broadlands Park, county
Mayo, and represented Taghmon, county Wexford, in the last
Irish Parliament. In compliance with the will of his
maternal gi-andfather, he assumed the surname and arms of
Gore in addition to those of Knox, by sign-manual, dated
23d April 1813. He died 21st October 1818.
James Knox Gore married, 19th January 1800, Lady
Maria Louisa Gore, eldest daughter of Arthur Saunders,
second Earl of Arran, by his second wife, and by her (who
died 6th March 1827) had issue five sons and four daughters.
James, the second son, married Henriette, daughter of
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 37
Annesley Gore Knox, Esq. of Eappa Castle. Henry William,
third son, a captain in the army, died unmarried 2 2d January
1846. Annesley, fourth son, is a colonel in the Indian Army.
George Edward, fifth son, is captain, E.N.
Francis Arthur, eldest son of James Knox Gore, Esq. of
Broadlands Park, settled at Belleek Manor, county Mayo,
where he formed a beautiful demesne, was born 23d June
1803. Colonel of the Sligo Militia, he was also, from 1831
to 1868, when he resigned, lieutenant and custos rohdorum
of that county; he was created a baronet 5th December
1868. He died 21st May 1873.
Sir Francis Arthur Knox Gore married, 4th August 1829,
Sarah, daughter of Charles Nesbett Knox, Esq. of Castle
Lacken, with issue, two sons and six daughters. Charles
James Knox Gore, the elder son, born 20th September 1831,
succeeded his father as second baronet in 1873. Arthur
William, the second son, born 28th October 1838, is lieu-
tenant-colonel of the N. Mayo Militia. He married, 10th
March 1863, Harriette Emily, daughter of Eichard M, Garden,
Esq. of Fishmoyne, county Tipperary.
Henry William Knox, fourth son of Francis Knox of
Eappa Castle and Mary Gore, was captain, 6th Dragoon
Guards, and served as high sheriff of Mayo in 1810. He
died 6th October 1816. Having on the 2d July 1806
married Jane, eldest daughter of the Eev. William Eogers,
D.D., of Kells, county Meath (who died 13th February
1835), he had issue, three sons and three daughters.
Henry William Knox, the eldest surviving son, born 9th
December 1809, succeeded his father in the estate of
Netley Park. He married, first, 7th December 1835, Isabella
Antoinette, youngest daughter of John Peel, Esq., of Burton-
38 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
on-Treut, who died 19th December 1838 ; and secondly, in
1842, Eliza, eldest daughter of the O'Grady of Kilballyowen.
Mr Knox died 24th September 1859, and was in his estate of
Netley Park succeeded by his surviving brother, Annesley
Gore Knox, who died unmarried 23d October 1863. The
estate of Netley Park is now in the possession of Mary
Mina, eldest daughter of Henry William Knox and Jane
Eogers. She married, 28th March 1833, James Annesley
Knox, and by him, who died in 1849, had issue, three sons,
James Fitzroy (died in 1872, unmarried), Granville Henry,
and Lionel William ; also two daughters. Jane Harriet, the
elder daughter, married to Albert Henry Knox, Esq., pay-
master, Sligo Militia, with issue, three sons, Albert Frederick,
Ernest Henry, and Alfred Douglas ; also six daughters, Mina
Eveline Anna, Constance Louisa, Edith Kathleen, Florence
Isabel, Emily Mabel, and Nina Gwendaline. Constance
]\Iina, second daughter of James Annesley Knox, married
Edward Leet, late captain, North Mayo Eegiment, with issue.
Arthur Knox of Bushfield, county Mayo, fifth son of
Francis Knox of Piappa Castle and Mary Gore, born 1785,
married Barbara, only daughter of Joseph Lambert, Esq. of
Brookhill, with issue. John Knox of Greenwood Park,
county Mayo, sixth son, born 3d November 1786, married
Jane, daughter of Samuel Handy, Esq., with issue.
Arthur Knox of Castlerea, second son of William Knox of
Castlerea by his first wife Mary Palmer, served as liigh
sheriff of county Mayo 1732-33. He married, 8th May 1724,
Hannah, third daughter and co-heir of Francis Palmer, Esq.
of Palmerstown, county Mayo, by Charity, his second wife,
second daughter and co-heir of Maurice Annesley, Esq. of
Little Path, county Kildare, nephew of Arthur, first Earl
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIES OF JOHN KNOX. 39
of Anglesey. He died 16th May 1743, leaving a daughter,
Sydney, married to Matthew Vanghan of Carramore, and a
John Knox of Castlerea, son of Arthur Knox and Hannah
Palmer, born 1728, was M.P. for Donegal from 1761 to
1769, and for Castlebar from 1769 to 1774. He died 24th
February 1774. His will, dated 16th February 1774, was
proved 23d March following. Having married, 25th May
1750, Anne, fourth daughter of the Eight Hon. Sir Henry
King, Bart., by Isabella, his wife, sister of Eobert, Viscount
Kings borough, and Edward, Earl of Kingston, he had by her
two sons and three daughters.
Arthur Knox, the elder son, born 13th September 1759,
succeeded to the paternal estate, but established his residence
at Woodstock, county Wicklow, an estate which he purchased
from Lord St George. A magistrate of the counties of Mayo
and Wicklow, he also filled in each the office of high sheriff.
He died 23d October 1798. He married, 23d June 1781,
Lady Mary Brabazon, eldest daughter of Anthony, eighth Earl
of Meath, by whom he had issue, three sons and two daughters.
John Knox, the eldest son, born 13th May 1783, suc-
ceeded to his father's estate. He served as sheriff of Wick-
low in 1809, and of Mayo in 1821, and died 31st December
1861. Having married, 12th March 1808, Maria Anne, only
daugliter of Major John Knox (who died 1st June 1861),
he had issue, five sons.
Arthur Edward Knox, the eldest son, born 28th December
1808, at Holies Street, Dublin, is M.A. Oxon. and F.L.S. ; he
is author of " Ornithological Eambles in Sussex," Lond.,
1849, 12mo; "Game Birds and Wild Fowl," Lond., 1850,
8vo; and "Autumns on the Spey," Lond., 1872, 8vo. A
40 GEXEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
retired officer of the 2d Life Guards, he resides at Trotton,
ill the coiiuty of Sussex. He married, 12th December
1835, Lady Jane Parsons, elder daughter of Laurence,
second Earl of Eosse, with issue, two sons and three
daughters. Lawrence Edward, the elder son, born 7th No-
vember 1836, was captain, 63d and afterwards 11th Eegiment ;
he died at Dublin in January 1873.' He married, 13th August
1858, Clara Charlotte, second daughter of Major Ernest Knox
of KiUala, county Mayo, and died in 1873 without issue.
Arthur Henry Knox, second son, born in 1851, is a lieu-
tenant in the Eoyal ISTavy. Maria, the eldest daughter, born
1838, married, in 1875, Captain William Irvine, 3d Eegiment
Alice, second daughter, born 26th August 1845, married, in
1864, Colonel Horace Parker Newton, E.A. ; Helen, third
daughter, born 1850, married, in 1869, G. J. Fletcher, Esq.,
18th Hussars, eldest son of John C. Fletcher, Esq. of Dale
Ernest Knox, second son of John Knox of Castlerea and
Maria Anne Knox, married, in 1861, Charlotte Catherine,
daughter of James Knox Gore, Esq. of Broadlands Park,
county Mayo, with issue. Eobert Augustus, third son, in
holy orders, married, in 1842, Octavia Gertrude, youngest
daughter of the late Eev. E. J. Hallifax, only son of Samuel
Hallifax, Bishop of St Asaph, and died in 1876 without
issue. Edward William John, the fourth son, was captain
in the 75th Eegiment ; he was killed at the siege of Delhi,
12th June 1857. In 1854 he married Charlotte Emily,
daughter of Major Gardiner of Farm Hill, county Mayo,
with issue. Alfred Charles, the fifth son, was captain, 73d
Eegiment. He married, in 1855, Victoria Anne, daughter
of Colonel Arthur Hunt, E.A., with issue.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 41
Edward Knox, second son of Arthur Knox of Castlerea
and Woodstock, born 2d November 1786, was a colonel in
the army ; he served in the Peninsular campaigns, and in
action lost his right arm. Arthur, third son, born 2 2d
November 1793, was in holy order's. He married, in
November 1820, Mary, daughter of the Eight Hon. Denis
Daly, and sister of the first Lord Dunsandle.
John Knox, second son of John Knox of Castlerea and
Anne King, born 10th March 1764, was major in the Sligo
regiment of militia. He died 11th July 1821. He married,
first, 24th December 1786, Eleanor Anne, eldest daughter of
Erancis Knox, Esq. of Rappa Castle, county Mayo, and by
her (who died 20th March 1790) had, with a daughter, Maria
Anne, married to John Knox of Castlerea and Woodstock,
two sons. John Erederick, the elder son, of Mount Falcon,
C(Jiinty Mayo, " lieutenant-colonel of the Sligo Militia, was
born 28th February 1789 ; he died in 1871. He married,
28th January 1819, Anna Maria, eldest daughter of James
Knox Gore, Esq. of Broadlands Park, county Mayo, with
issue, seven sons and a daughter, Eleanor Louisa. Frederick
Edgar, the eldest son, born 29 th April 1822, died unmar-
ried, 28th October 1867.
L^tred Augustus Knox, the second son, born 19th April
1825, succeeded to the family estates on the death of his
father. He served as high sheriff of Mayo in 1875-76. He
married, in 1875, Agnes Frances Nina, daughter of the late
Sir Francis A. Knox Gore, Bart, of Belleek Manor, and has
issue. Albert Henry, third son, born 10th February 1827,
married, 24th May 1855, Jane Harriett, eldest daughter of
James A. Knox of Crosspatrick, county Mayo, with issue ;
Alfred William, fourth son, born 5th May 1829; Alberic
42 GEN'EALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
Edward, fifth son, born 17th September 1831, married,
4th June 1868, Emily Adela, only daughter of Captain
Betham of Myersville, county Dublin, and died in 1870,
leaving a daughter; Ernest Adolphus, sixth son, was
born 25th April 1834; and John Ethelred, seventh son,
born 7th March 1836, was captain in the Sligo regiment of
Francis Knox, second son of Major John Knox by his
first wife Eleanor Anne Knox, was born in 1790, and died in
1793. Major John Knox married, secondly, 14th April
1811, Catherine, second daughter of Richard Chaloner, Esq.
of Kingsfort, county Meath, and by her had tliree sons —
Richard, Edward Chaloner, and Robert John ; also three
daughters — Frances Maria, married W. P. Blunden, Esq. ;
Eliza, married Sir John Blunden, Bart. ; and Catherine Anne,
who died young.
Richard Knox, eldest son of Major John Knox by his
second marriage, was born 28th May 1812. Having served
in the 15th and 18th Hussars, he is now major-general. He
owns the lands of Gracedieu, county Dublin. In 1844 he
married Mary Letitia, daughter of Colonel M*Master of the
Indian Army, by whom he has issue, Mary Letitia, the
eldest daughter, married J. Walsh, Esq. She and Catherine,
second daughter, are both deceased. The surviving sons are
— Richard, captain, 18th Hussars; Francis Robert Bonham,
lieutenant, Hyderabad Cavalry Contingent ; Horace Chaloner,
Royal Indian Civil Engineers ; Charles William, lieutenant,
37th Regiment ; Eustace Chaloner, and Walter Frederic.
Edward Chaloner Knox, D.L., county Tyrone, second son
of Major John Knox by his second wife, was born 20th
January 1815. He married, in 1856, Alice Hewitt Caroline,
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIES OF JOHN KNOX. 48
daughter of A. St George of Woodpark. Eobert John Knox,
third son, captain, 6th Dragoon Guards, was born 1st Sep-
tember 1817; he married Philippa Allen, daughter of F.
Lindesay, D.L., of Longhry, county Tyrone, and has three
sons and eight daughters.
The family of Knox of Prehen, county Londonderry, is
descended from the Scottish House of Eanfurlie. George
Knox of Minnymore, county Donegal, had by his wife, Letitia
AVray, two sons, Andrew and another. To the younger son
was born a son George, who, entering the Church, became
rector of Lifford. Letitia, daughter of the Rev. George
Knox, married, 5th May 1797, Lieut. -Colonel Alexander
Lawrence, governor of Upnor Castle, son of William Lawrence
of Portrush, county Antrim. Of this marriage were born
seven sons and five daughters. General Sir Henry Mont-
gomery Lawrence, the fourth son, celebrated for his civil and
military services in India, was mortally wounded at Luck-
now, 2d July 1857. John Laird Mair, Baron Lawrence,
G.C.B., a very distinguished officer, was appointed Viceroy of
India in 1864, and in 1869 was created Baron Lawrence.
Andrew Knox,. elder son of George Knox of Minnymore,
owned the lands of RathmuUen, county Donegal. A colonel
in the army, he, for twenty-seven years, represented the
county Donegal in the Irish Parliament. He married, about
1738, Honoria, daughter of Andrew Tomkins of Prehen, by
whom he had a son, George, and a daughter, Mary Anne.
The history of Mary Anne Knox presents a tragic page in
the history of her house. John Macnaghten, descended
from the thanes of Loch Tay in Scotland, owned the lands
of Benvardon, in the neighbourhood of Prehen. Save a
handsome person and agreeable manners, he had no other
44 GENEALOGICAL MEMOlKS OF JOHN KNOX.
qualities which could command respect; he had ruined
his estate through persistent gambling, thereby grieving to
death an attached wife; and had, in holding a public
office, forfeited confidence. Yet, by promises of amendment,
he partially recovered some lost friendships, Mr Knox
among others receiving visits from him. Mary Anne
Knox, then about her fifteenth year, accepted his devoirs;
and hoping to possess himself of her dowry of £6000, he
pressed his suit vigorously. Meeting the young lady at
Londonderry, he induced her, in the house of a relative, to
make promise that she would marry him; she added the
proviso, "if her father would consent." Not long after-
wards Miss Knox felt bound to divulge the contract, and
proceedings at law to render it null on account of her
being under age were, by her father, instituted in the ecclesi-
astical court at Londonderry, and afterwards in the Court of
Delegates at Dublin. The latter court annulled the contract,
while Mr Knox obtained a decree against Macnaghten for
£500 as damages. Insisting that Miss Knox was bound to
become his wife, Macnaghten vowed revenge. Aware that
the family were in peril, Mr Knox resolved for a time to
leave Prehen. Accordingly, on the morning of the 12th
November 1761, he set out for Dublin in his carriage along
with his wife and daughter. Several of his people followed
the carriage on horseback armed. ]\Ir Knox had reached a
place caUed Springwell Park, when Macnaghten rode up,
and stopping the carriage by menacing the driver, discharged
several pistols into its interior. Miss Knox was pierced with
five balls in the left side ; she died that evening. Macnaghten
and an accomplice effected their escape, but were afterwards
captured, and, being tried fur murder, were condennied.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 45
They were hanged on • a plain between Strabane and Lifford
on the 15th December.^ It is proper to add that according
to another account Macnaghten was only convicted of man-
slaughter, and subjected to two years' imprisonment.
George Knox succeeded his mother in the lands of Prehen.
Having married, in 1760, Jane, daughter of Thomas Mahon
of Strokestown, county Eoscommon, and sister of Maurice,
first Lord Hartland, he had by her four sons and two
daughters. Thomas, the second son, in holy orders, married
Helen, daughter of Eedmond Dillon, Esq. of Ashbrooke,
county Dublin, and had two sons, George, born 1806, resident
magistrate, county Sligo, and Thomas.
Maurice Knox, third son of George Knox of Prehen,
acquired the lands of Farn, county Eoscommon. He married
Anne Maple, daughter of James Wilson of Derks, county
Meath, by whom he had two sons and three daughters.
George Knox, elder son of Maurice Knox of Farn, rector
of Castle Blakeney, county Galway, married Frances,
daughter of Holmes, wdth issue, a son Maurice, and a
daughter Janet. Maurice Wilson, the second son, born 1805,
purchased in 1862 the estate of Kilmannock in the county
of Wexford. He married, in 1831, Elizabeth, daughter and
heiress of Francis White, Esq. of Oldstone, county Antrim,
with issue, a son, Francis William White, born 1848 ; also
1 See a tliin volume entitled, " Some Autlientic Particulars of the Life of
the late John Macnaghten, Esq. of Benvarden, who was executed in Ireland
on Tuesday, the 15th of December, for the murder of Miss Mary Ann Knox,
only daughter of Andrew Knox, Esq. of Prehen, representative in the late and
present Parliament for the county of Donegal, compiled from papers com-
municated by a gentleman in Ireland to a person of distinction of that king-
dom, now residing here. London, i)rinted, and Dublin, rc-printed, by G.
Faulkner, in Essex Street, mdcclxii."
46 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
Alexander Knox, fourth son of George Knox of Prehen,
captain, Donegal Militia, married Miss Lyneham, by whom
he had a son William, who married his cousin Hannah,
daughter of Maurice Knox of Farn.
Andrew Knox, eldest son of George Knox of Prehen,
succeeded to the family estate. Colonel of the Donegal
Militia, he was M.P. in the Irish Parliament at the Union ;
he died in 1840. By his wife Mary, daughter of Dominick
MacCausland, Esq. of Daisy Hill, county Derry, he had five
sons — George, his heir; Dominick, who died unmarried;
Andrew, vicar of Birkenhead, honorary canon of Chester
Cathedral, manied, with issue; Marcus, captain, RN.; and
Thomas, married, with issue; also five daughters — Jane,
maiTied Captain Hay, R.N. ; Honoria, married Rev. Charles
Galway, Archdeacon of Derry; Mary, died unmarried;
Caroline, married R. Eickards, Esq., Glengallow, Glamorgan-
shire ; and Benjamina, married Captain Loeffel, Belgian
George Knox, eldest son of Andrew Knox and Mary
MacCausland, succeeded his father in the estate of Prehen in
1840. He was captain in the 2d Dragoon Guards, and died
in 1848. Having married, in 1827, Anna Maria, daughter of
Robert Johnston, Q.C., of Magheramena, county Fermanagh,
he had, with two daughters, a son George, now^ of Prehen,
and lieutenant^colonel of the Londonderry Militia, born 1834.
In his history of the county Down, the late Dr Alexander
Knox of Strangford remarks that the earliest occurrence of the
name of Knox in Ireland which he had seen was the signa-
ture of Thomas Knox, appended to an inquisition held at
Antrim on the 12th July 1605. Probably this early settler
was the father of three brothers (traditionally of the Ren-
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS 01* JOHN KNOX. 4?
frewsliire family of Eanfurlie), who about the year 1620
settled as tenant-farmers on the lands of Ballyvennox, near
Coleraine, in the county of Londonde'rry. One of these
brothers, James Knox, who occupied the large mountain
farm of Murder-Hole, died in 1660, leaving two sons, James
and Eobert. James Knox, the elder son, who succeeded
to his father's farm, distinguished himself by an act of
daring. During the memorable siege of Londonderry in 1689,
when the garrison was oppressed by famine, he, assisted by
his two sons, conveyed a herd of cattle to Lough Foyle,
opposite Culmore Fort, where the river is narrow, and on a
dark night drove them at low tide along the " slob " or mud,
introducing them into the city by the water-gate. James
Knox died 1701. His brother, Eobert, volunteered into
the (now) 3d Buffs, and was severely wounded at the battle
of the Boyne.
John Knox, son of James, second of ]\lurder-Hole, died in
1740, leaving two sons. James, the elder son, succeeded to
his father's lease. He married ]\Iary Boyd of Ballywillan,
and died in 1778, leaving two sons, John and Eobert.
Eobert Knox proceeded to America about 1780 ; he and
descendants founded the important city of Knoxville, Ten-
John Knox succeeded to his father's lease, and died in
1798. By his wife, Anne, daughter of William M'Affee of
Euglishtown, he had four sons. William, the eldest sou, was
thirty-six years Presbyterian minister at Dunboe, county
Londonderry. Possessed of high culture and elegant learn-
ing, he enjoyed the intimacy of the Earl of Bristol, Lord
Bishop of Derry, whose residence at Downhill was situated
in his x^arish. He married Mary, daughter of the Eev.
48 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
William Wright of Moueymore, and died in 1801, leaving
four sons, Samuel, John, William, and Wright.
Samuel Knox, the eldest son, adopted the legal profession,
and was an eminent solicitor at Dublin. He died in 1855.
By his wife, Sarah Edkins, he had a large family. William,
the eldest son, sometime practised as a barrister ; he after-
wards took orders in the Church. He died in 1840. He
married Mary Kyle of Laurel Hill, with issue.
Eobert Kyle Knox, his eldest son, is a director of the
Northern Bank, Belfast. He married Sara, daughter of
Captain Twigge, 60th Eifles, with issue.
John Knox, J.P., second son of the Eev. William Knox,
settled at Eushbrook, parish of Aghadowey, and county of
Londonderry. He married Mary, daughter of Eobert Eice,
Esq., Coleraine, and died in 1854, leaving five sons and seven
Nathaniel Alexander Knox, the eldest son, born in 1797,
w^as an officer in the naval service of the East India Company;
he now resides at Portrush. By his wife, Ann Wall, he
has had three sons, John, Nathaniel Alexander, and William
Bevington; also four daughters, Henrietta, Sydney, Cecilia,
William James Knox, second son of John Knox, settled in
Canada; he died in 1874. He married Cecilia, daughter of Wil-
liam Kelly, Esq., of Lanarkshire, with issue, a daughter, Mary.
Eobert Knox, third son, of Eushbrook, J.P., married, first,
Marion, daughter of Major Walker, 5th Dragoon Guards; and
secondly, Jane, daughter of William Henderson of Pres ; he
died in 1876, without issue.
John Samuel Knox, fourth son, Heutenant-colonel, 42d Ben-
gal Native Infantry, distinguished himself in several import-
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIKS OF JOHN KNOX. 49
aut engagements, and was severely wounded. He married
Caroline, daughter of Eobert Lindsell, Esq., Bedfordshire,
with issue, Eobert John, lieutenant, 86th Eegiment, and two
daughters, Alice and Clara.
Thomas, fifth son, is major-general, E.A. He married
Mary Fynes Clinton, with issue, four sons, Welby, Harry,
Arthur, and Cecil ; also a daughter, Ida Mary.
Elizabeth, eldest daughter of John Knox of Eushbrook,
married Eobert Hezlet of Bavagh, J.P., wdth issue, three sons,
Eobert, John, and Eichard Jackson; also three daughters,
Mary, Anna Arabella, and Elizabeth.
Mary, second daughter, married James Buckingham Bev-
ington, J.P., Bermondsey, London, with issue, two sons,
Samuel Bourne, major, 10th Surrey Volunteers, and Geoffrey,
Hester, third daughter, married George BarkKe, Esq.,
Mullamore, county Londonderry, with issue, three sons,
Thomas, John Knox, and Archibald; also two daughters,
Frances Jane and Mary.
Sarah, fourth daughter, married Henry Jenkins, Esq.,
Liverpool, with issue, Henry (died young), Eobert, and Mary.
Harriet, fifth daughter, married James Orr Lecky of Keely,
Jane, the sixth, and Eebecca, the seventh daughters, died
William Knox, third son of the Eev. AYilliam Knox, died
unmarried in 1872, aged ninety.
Wright Knox, fourth son of the Eev. William Knox, cap-
tain, 87th Fusiliers, was actively engaged in the Peninsular
War, and was wounded at Tarifa and Talavera. Having held
office in the government of the Ionian Isles, he was, on leav-
50 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
ing Cephalonia, presented with a jewel-hilted sword, and a
complimentary address. Wliile Captain Wright Knox was
resident at Ithaca, Lord Byron was his guest for several
days; he subsequently received from the noble poet the
following letter, now for the first time printed :
"Cepalonia, August 26, 1823.
"My dear Sir, — I have to acknowledge your very kind and
flattering letter, and am truly glad that you and Mrs K. have
not been so tired of my company as I feared. The few days
w^hich I passed with you in your beautiful island are amongst
the whitest of my existence, and as such, I shall recollect
them, not without the hope of our meeting again sometime
and somewhere. I have given directions to Messrs Koniolegno
(or Corialegno) to furnish the Moriote refugees with every
necessary for their decent subsistence at my expense as
before proposed by myself. I have also (as he may, or
should have apprised you) directed two hundred and fifty
dollars to be placed at your disposal for the other families
now^ in Ithaca to be distributed to the most deserving or the
most necessitous, in such proportions as your better experience
and knowledge of their circumstances may suggest. The
various demands upon me have made me limit the sum lower
than I could wish, but it may be a little help to some in the
meantime, and we may do more by and bye.
" I hope that Mrs Knox has not suffered from her travels.
She is the best and most intrepid craigswoman (as the Scotch
call it) I have met with. Count P. Gamba and the rest of our
party beg their best thanks and respects both to her and to
you ; and uniting with them in every good wish, I ever am,
your obliged and faithful servant, Noel Byron."
Captain Wright Knox married Jane Gordon, sister of Sir
Willoughby Gordon, quarter-master-general, and by her had
two sons, Henry Torrens and Aston, officers in the Indian
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 51
Army ; also three daughters. Georgina, second daughter, is
wife of the Hon. Henry P. Barrington.
Hugh Knox, of the family of Eanfurlie, settled at the close
of the seventeenth century in the parish of Donagheady,
county Londonderry, where he died in 1752. His son, Gus-
tavus Knox, also resided at Donagheady, and there died in
1795, leaving a son, Hugh, who, in 1815, purchased a small
estate in the parish of Urney, county Tyrone ; he there died
in 1852, aged eighty-six. One of his sons, the Eev. Eobert
Knox, D.D., has, since 1843, occupied a prominent place as
minister of a Presbyterian church at Belfast.
At Dromore, in the county of Down, John Knox, of the
family of Eanfurlie, purchased a portion of land early in
the seventeenth century. His son, Alexander, who owned
the lands of Eden Hill, near Dromore, left two sons, John
and George. George, the second son, went to Jamaica about
the year 1798, and there attained a considerable position. As
a West Indian proprietor, merchant, and shipowner, in part-
nership with the late Sir Simon Clark, he latterly settled
in London. He married Letitia, daughter of Dr Andrew
Greenfield, rector of Hillsborough (who assisted Bishop
Percy in editing his "Eeliques of Ancient Poetry"), and
by her had a numerous family, of whom only survived two
sons, George and Alexander Andrew. George, the elder
surviving son, M.A. of Cambridge, was formerly H.E.I.C.'s
Chaplain at Madras ; since 1871 he has been vicar of Exton,
in the county of Eutland. He married a daughter of the late
Dr P. F. Eeynolds. His eldest son, George, is magistrate at
Allahabad, and a justice of the peace for the North- West
Provinces of Bengal. He is author of " The Criminal Law
of the Bengal Presidency," 2 vols. 8vo.
52 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
Alexander Andrew Knox, younger surviving son of George
Knox and Letitia Greenfield, is a barrister-at-law, and was
lately a police magistrate of the metropolis. He married
a daughter of the late James Armstrong, Esq., a civilian of
John, elder son of Alexander Knox of Eden Hill, inherited
the family estate, and had (with several daughters) two sons,
Alexander and George. Alexander, the elder son, entered
the medical profession, and became a surgeon in the Eoyal
Navy; he afterwards held a Government appointment in
Ireland. He published " An Enquiry into the Actual State
of our Knowledge of Cholera," Dublin, 1849, 16mo; "The
Existing State of our Knowledge of Vaccination," London,
1850, 8vo; "Irish Watering Places," Dublin, 1845, 8vo;
and "A History of the County Down," Dublin, 1875, 8vo.
He died at Beechcroft, Belfast, on the 9th November 1877.
George Knox, younger son, resides at Hillsborough ; he has
two sons, the Eev. Eobert Dalzell Knox, vicar of Saint-
field, county Down; and John Alexander Knox of Mayo
House, Lisburn. The latter has two sons, Alexander Cecil
Eogers and George William.
Colonel Charles Knox of Castle Lacken, and deputy-
lieutenant of county Mayo, married, 18th May 1839, Lady
Louisa Catherine, eldest daughter of Howe Peter, second
Marquis of Sligo, with issue. Dying in 1867, he was
succeeded by his eldest son, Charles Howe CufiP Knox,
who, being educated at Harrow and Christ Church, Oxford,
entered the army, and became captain of the 8th Hussars.
He is deputy-lieutenant of county, Mayo, and in 1873 held
tlie office of high sheriff. He married, 30th May 1869,
Henrietta Elizabeth, second daughter of the TdfAit Hon. Sir
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 53
William Gibson-Craig, Bart, of Eiccarton, and has a son,
Charles William Cuff, born 1870.
Descended from a family which emigrated to America from
the neighbourhood of Belfast early in the eighteenth century
was Henry Knox, major-general in the revolutionary army.
Born on the 25th July 1750, he was apprenticed to a
bookseller at Boston ; he subsequently commenced business
in the same city. When war with the mother country broke
out, he was appointed, in his tw^enty-fifth year, a colonel of
artillery. During the progress of the war he greatly dis-
tinguished himself, and gained the esteem and confidence of
General Washington. On the termination of hostihties he
was appointed Secretary of War. He died on the 25th
October 1806. Major-General Knox was remarkable for
his literary tastes and religious earnestness.^
A deep and correct thinker, a powerful and elegant writer,
and a brilliant conversationist, Alexander Knox was born at
Londonderry in 1759. Possessing a delicate constitution, and
inheriting a moderate competency, he seems not to have
chosen a profession ; but for some years, prior to the political
union of Great Britain and Ireland in 1800, he acted as
private secretary to Lord Castlereagh. By that nobleman he
was advised to seek the representation of his native city in
the Imperial Parliament, and his election might have been
secured, but he preferred a private station, apart from political
conflict. In early life he enjoyed the friendship of the
celebrated John Wesley. He afterwards became the friend
and correspondent of Dr John Jebb, Bishop of Limerick.
In 1799 he issued a volume of "Essays on the Poli-
^ Life and Correspondence of Henry Knox, Major-General, by Francis S.
Drake. Boston, 1873, 8vo.
54 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIES OF JOHN KNOX.
tical Circumstances of Ireland." He died at his resi-
dence in Dawson Street, Dublin, in June 1831, in his
seventy-third year. His "Correspondence with Bishop
Jebb" was published in 1834, in two octavo volumes;
and in 1834-37, his literary " Kemains," in four volumes
Members of the Scottish House of Knox of Kanfurlie
effected settlements throughout the western counties. Among
the parishioners of Kilmaronock, Dumbartonshire, decreed on
the 26th February 1528, by the Lords of Council, to pay to
the Abbot and convent of Cambuskenneth, certain quantities
of grain and fodder, is named Christian Knox, for " the teynd
schavis of the landis of Caldowene, extending to xii bollis of
aittis with the fodder." ^
Janet Hall, vdfe of Mr WilHam Knokis, burgess of Een-
frew, died in September 1568. She names her sons Adam,
Andrew, and David as her executors, and appoints William
Wallace of Ellerslie and Sir Thomas Knox " her superiors "
for superintending the welfare of her children.^
Hew Knox, in Dryissill, in the sheriffdom of Ayr, died on
the 15th July 1595. By his will, executed six days preced-
ing his decease, in presence of his sons Hew and Eobert, and
of his brother Eobert, he appointed his wife, Janet Homill,
and Hew, his eldest son, as his executors. He bequeathed
his part of the gear to be divided among Bessie, John, Janet,
and Margaret Knox, his children. To his son Eobert he
bequeathed half an acre of land. His inventory consists
chiefly of farm stocking.^
1 Reg. Monas. de Monas. S. Marie de Cambuskenneth, Edinb. 1872, 4to,
'Edinb. Cora. Reg., vol. i. ^ Ibid., voL xxxiii.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 55
Margaret Knox, wife of Mcoll Smyth, in Windyhouse,
parish of St Quivox, Ayrshire, died on the 26th March 1602.
Her inventory amounted to £569, which she bequeathed for
division among her children, Marion, Eobert, Duncan, and
Janet. William Knox, burgess in Ayr, is named as one of
In the latter part of the seventeenth century, members of
the family of Knox were resident in the parish of Kilbirnie,
Ayrshire. Robert Knox, farmer in Paddockholme, is in the
year 1691 named in the Baptismal Eegister of Kilbirnie
parish. James Knox, farmer, first in the parish of Dairy, and
latterly at Paddockholme, died 31st January 1792. His sons,
Hugh, James, and Eobert, married, and had issue. Hugh,
born 30th September 1754, rented the farm of Lochside in
Kilbirnie parish, and there died on the 3d February 1824.
He had two sons. James, the elder, born 12th October 1783,
held the lease of Tennox farm at Kilbirnie; he died 7th
November 1840, leaving a son, John. Eobert, the younger
son, born 11th November 1787, died 29th May 1821.
James Knox, second son of James Knox, farmer at Paddock-
holme, was born 28th June 1761, and died 20th November
1831, leaving William, born 20th April 1788 ; Eobert, born
9th May 1797; and James, born 22d October 1800. These
all married with issue.
Eobert Knox, tliird son of James Knox in Paddockholme,
was born 10th July 1763, and died 12th May 1821. By
his wife Agnes Barclay he had, with several daughters, six sons,
who reached manhood — William, Eobert, James, John, Hugh,
and Thomas. William, the eldest son, born 28th Novem-
ber 1802, was partner in the important firm of W. & J. Knox,
^ Edinb. Com. Reg., vol. xxxviii.
56 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
thread manufacturers, Kilbirnie. His son, Eobert William
Knox, born 12th April 1845, is of Moor Park, Kilbirnie.
Eobert, second son of Eobert Knox and Agnes Barclay,
was born 25th May 1805 ; he married, with issue. James,
third son, born 24th April 1807, was junior partner in the
firm of W. & J. Knox. He married, 4th August 1829,
Margaret Dickie, by whom he had, among others who died
young, a son George, born 25th July 1837, who married, 2d
June 1859, Jane Kerr Muir, with issue. James Knox married,
secondly, 25th June 1844, Janet Muir, by whom he had two
sons and three daughters.
John, fourth son, a manufacturer in Glasgow, was born
12th March 1809. He married, 11th November 1844,
Isabella Inglis, with issue, two sons and two daughters.
Hugh, fifth son, was born 4th February 1811. Thomas,
sixth and youngest son, born 18th April 1813, died on the
23d September 1829.^
Michael Knox, burgess of Eenfrew, died in August 1605,
and his wife, Helen Knox, in February 1606. Their testament-
dative was given up by Thomas Knox, burgess of Eenfrew,
as nearest of kin to Uchred, Adam, and Michael Knox, sons
of the deceased. The inventory, consisting chiefly of building
materials, was valued at £310, 6s. 8d.2
In January 1646 Mr John Knox was appointed master of
the grammar school of Paisley, an office which he soon
Early in the fifteenth century a branch of the family of
1 From a Genealogy of the Family of Knox of Kilbirnie, compiled in 1855
by William Logan, Privately printed.
- Edinb. Com. Keg., vol. xliii.
' History of Paisley Grammar School, Paisley, 1875, 8vo.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 57
Knox of the county of Eenfrew engaged in merchandise at
In the charters of St Giles's Church, Adam de Knokkis is
named as a bailie or magistrate of the city in 1428, and as
deceased in 1445. David Knokkis, burgess of Edinburgh, is
mentioned in 1447 and 1454. In 1492 we find that William
Knox, son and heir of the late William Knox, was made
a burgess. Another William Knokkis died in 1535-6.^
William Knox, burgess of Edinburgh, died in September
1572. In his will he names his wife, Janet Eichardson; his
inventory was valued at £1509, 13s.^
John Knox, merchant burgess of Edinburgh, died on the
24th September 1606. His personal estate, valued at
£939, lis. Id., he bequeathed to his sister, Catherine Knox,
and her husband, James Brown.^
David Knox, maltman burgess of Edinburgh, died 14th
May 1612. In his will he names his children, Elizabeth,
Margaret, Janet, and Beatrice. His personal estate, deduct-
ing debts, was valued at £136, 4s, 8d.*
From Edinburgh members of the Knox family seem to
have migrated into the rural districts. Thomas Knox, in
Masterton, parish of Newbattle, Edinburghshire, died Novem-
ber lo97> his testament-dative being presented by his wife,
Isobel Spens, on behalf of their sons, John and Alexander.
His personal estate was valued at £549, 13s. 4d., with debts
due to him amounting to £136, 13s. 4d.^
James Knox, farmer, Gairmuir, Lauderdale, died in June
1 Bannatyne Club volume, St Giles's Charters, p. 235, quoted by Dayid
Laing, LL.D. ; Knox's Works, Edinb. 1864, 8vo, preface xv.
2 Edinb. Com. Reg., vol. ii. ' Ihid., vol. xlii.
* Ihicl, vol. xlvii. ^ Ihid., vol. xxxi.
58 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
1573. In his will he names his children, Eobert and Agnes.
His inventory is valued at £241, 13s. 4d.^
Gilbert Knox in the Buss [Bush], parish of Ayton, and
county of Berwick, died on the 21st July 1596. In his will
he appoints his eldest son William as one of his executors.
His estate is valued at £980, 18s. His wife, Isobel
Richardson, died in January 1595 ; she names in her will
her sons, William, Andrew, and John.^
Of that branch of the Knox family which settled in Hadding-
tonshire we have no particulars prior to the time of the
Eeformer. "William Knox in Morham," and his wife,
Elizabeth Schortes, were, on the 18th February 1598, infeft
in subjects in Nungate of Haddington, in virtue of a crown
charter.^ William Knox died in October 1607, and his
testament-dative was produced by his widow on behalf of
their children, William, George, James, and Bessy, minors.
"James Knox," brother of the deceased, is named as a debtor;
and the personal estate, chiefly in farm stock, is valued at
A portion of the parish churchyard of Morham is stiU
known as the Knox burying-ground. Of two family tomb-
stones the older commemorates "Agnes Knox, daughter to
Adam Knox and Janet Butler, who departed this life February
26, 1714 years, and of her age 14 years." The other, an altar
stone, has the following legend : " This is the burying-place
of William Knox, tenant in Whittingham Mains. Here
lies Jane Black, spouse to William Knox, who died 2d
December 1756, aged 65 years ; and William Knox, her
^ Edinb. Com. Reg., voL xii. , ' Ihid.^ voL xxix.
3 M'Crie's Life of Knox, Edinb. 1818, vol. i., p. 339.
* Edinb. Com. Reg., vol. xxix.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
Imsband, who died 9th March 1783, aged 81 years. Like-
wise, Catherine, daughter of William Knox and Jean Thom-
son, who died 16th January 1790, aged 23 years."
In March 1562, John Knox the Eeformer addressed the
Earl of Bothwell in these words : " Albeit, that to this hour
it hath not chaunsed me to speak with your lordship face to
face, yet have I borne a good mynd to your house, and have
bene sorry at my heart of the trubles that I have heard you
to be involved in. For, my lord, my grandfather, goodsher,
and father have served your lordshipis predecessors, and some
of thame have died under their standardis." ^
The grandfather and great-grandfather of James Hepburn,
fourth Earl of Bothwell, held lands in the counties of Edin-
burgh and Haddington, and both engaged in military affairs.
Adam, second earl, fought at Elodden in September 1513,
and in leading the reserve, consisting of the men of Hadding-
shire, lost his life. Lord Hales, afterwards first Earl of Both-
well, accompanied the rebel nobles at the battle of Sauchie-
burn, fought on the 11th June 1488. Since his father and
his father's father, and his "goodsher," or maternal grand-
father, served under the standards of the Earls of Bothwell,
it is probable that the Keformer's father was present at
Elodden, and that one or both of his grandfathers had fallen at
Sauchieburn. There is, therefore, no inconsiderable ground
for believing that the Knox family were settled in Hadding-
tonshire prior to 1488, the date of the battle of Sauchie-
The Eeformer's father was William Knox. His Christian
^ The expression "goodsher," used by the Reformer immediately after the
word grandfather, would imply that he refeiTed to his maternal grandfather,
a member of the House of Sinclair.
60 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
name we obtain from two entries in the municipal records of
Geneva. After the birth of his son Nathaniel, John Knox,
on the 24th June 1558, sought and obtained the privilege of
becoming a burgess of Geneva.^ In the Eegister of the Petit
Conseil of Geneva, he is thus described :
" Jehan Knoxe, filz de Guillaume Cnoxe descosse en Angle-
terre, ministre Anglois en ceste Cite, suivant leur requeste ont
este receux en bourgeoix de ceste Cite, gratis ; ayant un. filz
masle nomme Nathanael." The description, " Jehan filz de
Guillaume Cnoxe, natif de Hedington en Escosse," is repeated
in the Burgess Eegister. The name William is suggestive,
for we learn from the charters of St Giles's church formerly-
quoted, that in the fifteenth century it was common in the
Knox family at Edinburgh.
William Knox, the Reformer's father, had two sons, William
and John. As he bore his father's Christian name, and
inherited the more substantial portion of the paternal inherit-
ance, William was no doubt the elder son. He first appears
as a merchant at Preston, now an inconsiderable seaport,
but then a place of considerable trade. While conducting
business as a merchant, he was occasionally employed in
political affairs. In a letter to Thomas Bishop, dated from
Douchal, 11th April 1547, the Earl of Glencairn remarks
that he was prevented by sickness from keeping his first diet
at Glencairn, having just succeeded to the title, but that
he intended to be there on the 27th. He adds that he must
first see his friends in the Castle of St Andrews — " quhil
[until] then I haif halden William Knox, that he may adver-
tize you thereafter of our purpose in that behalf." ^ John
^ Knox's Works, Laing's ed., vol. vi., preface xvii.
' From the original in the Public Record Office.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 61
Knox entered the Castle of St Andrews the day before this
letter was written.^
In a letter from the Earl of Arran, Eegent of Scotland,
to Edward VI., dated 24th February 1551-2, are sought
" letters of saulf conduct and sure passport, in dew forme, to
our lovit Williame Knox in Prestoun, and thrie factouris or
attornayis for him, togedder with six persons with him in
cumpany, saulflie and surelie to cum within your realme of
England, . . . (with merchandise), and to sell the same
to the lieges of youre realme ; and in lykwyis to by from thame
all kynd of gudis and merchandice lawfuU." ^ In September
1552, William Knox received a patent from the English
Privy Council, granting him liberty, for a limited period, to
trade to any part of England, in a vessel of one hundred tons
burthen.^ In 1553 the Eeformer writes from Newcastle to
Mrs Bowes, " My brother hath communicat his haill hart with
me, and I persave the michtie operation of God." In another
letter of the same year he writes, "My brother, William
Knox, is presentlie with me. What ye wald haif frome Scot-
land, let me knaw this Monunday at nyght, for he must
depart on Tyisday." * In his " History," the Eeformer mentions
that in July or August 1559, Lord Seyton, the Provost of
Edinburgh, "brak a chaise upoun [pursued] Alexander
Quhitela^v, as he came from Prestoun, accumpaneit with
Williame Knox, towartis Edinburgh, and ceassit not to persew
him till he came to the toun of Ormestoun : And this he did,
supposing that the said Alexander Quhitelaw had bene
Johnne Knox." ^ In his will, executed in^l572, the Eeformer
^ Knox's Works, vi, preface Ixxv.
' Original in Public Record OflBce. ' Strype's Memorials, vol. ii., p. 299.
^ Knox's Works, vol. iii., pp. 356, 361.
5 Ibid., vol. i., pp. 392, 393.
62 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
names his " bruder, Williame Knox, and his airis quhatsum-
William Knox, merchant, Preston, was father of three sons,
William, Paul, and John. William Knox, the eldest son, was
in 1567 minister of the parishes of Cockpen and Carrington,
in the county of Edinburgh. As stipend he had £120, with
manse and glebe. He subscribed the articles authorised by
the Synod, and was, by the Superintendent of Lothian, in
March 1572, presented to the General Assembly. In 1574
he received in further charge, the churches of Clerkingtoun
and Temple, readers being appointed in each of the four
parishes. He was, on the 15th December 1580, presented to
the vicarage. He died in April 1592, leaving two sons,
William, his successor, and James, minister at Kelso.^
William Knox, elder son of William Knox, minister of
Cockpen^ entered St Leonard's College, 10th December 1586,
and graduated in the University of St Andrews in 1589. In
the same year he was admitted colleague and successor to his
father. On the 14th June 1617, he subscribed the Protesta-
tion in support of the Liberties of the Kirk, and died in 1623,
about the age of fifty-four. He left in MS. '* Common
Places in Theology," in Latin, two vols. 4to. He married,
first, a daughter of Rigg of Carberry, by whom he had three
sons, John, William, and Nicol ; secondly, EUzabeth,
daughter of John Haliburton of Muirhouslaw, with issue,
three sons, Andrew, Patrick, and Simon.^
John, eldest son of the Rev. William Knox and Rigg,
graduated at the University of Edinburgh 28th July 1610,
1 Fasti Eccl. Scot., i. 271 ; Knox's Works, edited by David Laiug, Edinb.
1864, 8vo, vol. vi., Ixxvii.
' Fasti Eccl. Scot., i. 272.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIES OF JOHN KNOX. 63
and was, 13th April 1619, admitted colleague and successor
to the minister of Carrington, Edinburghshire. He died
before the 18th July 1661. By his wife, Isobel Douglas, who
died in November 1664, he had a son John, who was licensed
8th February 1649, and was ordained colleague to his father
31st October 1653. He died 21st November 1659, without
William Knox, second son of the Eev. William Knox and
— Eigg, was a bookbinder in Edinburgh. He married and
had three sons, James, Eobert, and Henry.
James Knox, the eldest son, born 1630, graduated at the
University of Edinburgh 15th July 1650. He was, in 1662
ordained minister of Bowden, Eoxburghshire, and died 24th
Eobert Knox, second son of William Knox, bookbinder,
was a writer in Edinburgh. He married and had a son
James, who was baptized 16th August 1668 ; he studied at the
University of Edinburgh, where he graduated 9th July 1688.
Licensed to preach by the Presbytery of Linlithgow about
1696, James Knox was, on the 2d September 1697, ordained
minister of Dunino, Eifeshire. He died on the 16th May 1740,
in his seventy-second year. He married, 24th April 1700,
Margaret Woddrop, by whom he had a son, William, and ten
daughters. Helen, the eldest daughter, was baptized 28th
March 1701, and died in infancy; Margaret, second daughter,
was baptized 21st April 1702, and died 1783 ; Christian,
third daughter, was baptized 25th July 1704; Anna, fourth
daughter, was baptized 27th March 1706; Janet, fifth
daughter, was baptized 19th July 1709; Helen (second of
1 Fasti Eccl. Scot., i. 269, 270.
2 Fasti Eccl. Scot, i. 545; Knox MS. Genealogy; Tombstone Inscription.
64 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
the name), sixth daughter, was baptized 10th October 1710 ;
Jean, seventh daughter, was baptized 17th May 1713; Mag-
dalen, eighth daughter, was baptized 24th August 1715;
Christian, ninth daughter, was baptized 9th April 1717 ; and
Elizabeth, tenth daughter, was born 19th September 1720.^
William Knox, only son of Mr James Knox, minister of
Dunino, was baptized 10th January 1708.^ He became a
licentiate of the Church.^
Henry Knox, third son of William Knox, bookbinder,
baptized 9th May 1641, graduated at the University of Edin-
burgh 18th July 1664. To the Privy Council he complained,
6th January 1676, that six or seven persons had, on the pre-
ceding 28th December, entered his house and assailed him
and his wife, and plundered their household furniture. He
entered a burgess of Edinburgh 11th December 1678. After
ministering at Dunscore, Dumfriesshire, he succeeded his
brother James, in the incumbency of Bowden in 1681. He
was deprived by the Privy Council, 10th September 1689,
for not reading the Proclamation of the Estates, and not
praying for their majesties William and Mary. He died at
Edinburgh, 27th December 1716. He had a son who be-
came minister of the island of St Christopher.*
Nicol, third son of Mr William Knox, minister of Cockpen,
by his first wife, was chamberlain to the Lords Cranstoun ;
he died without issue.
Andrew Knox, eldest son of Mr William Knox of Cockpen,
by his second wife, Elizabeth Haliburton, a licentiate of the
Church, and tutor in the family of Murray of Philiphaugh,
^ Fasti Eccl. Scot., ii. 423 ; Dunino Parisli Register.
2 Dunino Parisli Register. ' Fasti Eccl. Scot., ii. 423.
* Knox MS. Genealogy; Fasti Eccl. Scot., i. pp. 545^579.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
died unmarried. Patriok, the second son, was secretary to
tlie Earl of Craven, ambassador-extraordinary to Holland,
and was by his lordship recommended to the states of
Zealand, as factor for their possessions in India. He died
without issue, leaving a fortune to his younger brother, Simon.^
Simon Knox, youngest son of the Eev. William Knox,
minister of Cockpen, by his second wife, Elizabeth Halibur-
ton, graduated at the University of Edinburgh in July 1643.
He was admitted minister of Girthon, in the Stewartry of
Kirkcudbright, in 1666, and continued till 29th October
1667. He married Isabella, daughter of Mr Eobert David-
son, minister of Stenton, by his wife Catherine Eamsay,
niece of Sir John Eamsay, Earl of Holderness, a chief agent
in preserving the life of James VI. on the occasion of the
William Knox, only son of Mr Simon Knox and Isabella
Davidson, was, on the 13th December 1704, ordained
minister of Dairsie, Fifeshire. He died 25th April 1746.
'By his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Bethune of Blebo, Fifeshire
(died 25th April 1746), he had seven sons and five daughters.
John, the eldest son, baptized 10th January 1708, was a
surgeon in India ; he married and had two daughters. Eliza-
beth, elder daughter, married Andrew Duncan, M.D., Edin-
burgh, by whom she had five sons and seven daughters.
Andrew, M.D., the eldest son, married, and had two
daughters; John, the second son, died young. Alexander,
third son, a general in the Indian Army, resided at Gattonside
House, Melrose ; he married with issue, seven sons and five
daughters. John, fourth son, colonel in the Indian Army,
married without issue; he died at Edinburgh in 1856.
1 Fasti Eccl. Scot., i. 383, 713; Knox MS. Genealogy.
66 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
Henry Francis, fifth son, died young. Catherine, eldest
daughter, died young ; Elizabeth, second daughter, resided at
Edinburgh ; Janet, third daughter, died young ; Margaret,
fourth daughter, married William Scott, Writer to the Signet,
Edinburgh — issue three sons and two daughters ; Catherine,
fifth daughter, died at Edinburgh in 1854; Henrietta, sixth
daughter, died young; Ann Calderwood Durham, seventh
daughter, died at Edinburgh in 1856.^ Mary, second daughter
of John Knox, surgeon, married Laidlaw, by whom she
had a son who died without issue.
Henry, second son of William Knox, minister of Dairsie,
baptized 2 2d December 1710, was a merchant at Dunbar,
Haddingtonshire; he married a daughter of Cheape of Eossie,
Fifeshire, by whom he had a son William, merchant in
Gottenburg, and James, lieutenant, E.N.
William, fourth son of Mr William Knox, minister of
Dairsie, was baptized 5th March 1714. A merchant at Dun-
bar, he married Telfer, from Lanarkshire, and died
without issue. George, fifth son, baptized 8th February 1716,
was a physician, and practised at Eichmond, Surrey ; Eobert,
sixth son, baptized 26th February 1722, seems to have died
young. David, the seventh son, baptized 3d November 1723,
died a bachelor.
Alison, the eldest daughter, was baptized 13th February
1709 ; Christian, the second daughter, was baptized 6th July
1718; Elizabeth, third daughter, was baptized 23d September
1721 ; Margaret, fourth daughter, was baptized 7th October
1725; and Elizabeth, fifth daughter (second of the name),
was baptized 15th December 1727.^
^ Rev. David Crawford's Notes.
' Knox MS. Genealogy ; Dairsie Baptismal Register.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 6*7
James Knox, third son of Mr William Knox, minister of
Dairsie, was baptized 13th April 1712. Licensed to preach
by the Presbytery of Peebles, 18th October 1738, he was,
15th August 1754, ordained minister of Scone, Perthshire.
He died on the 17th December 1776, aged sixty-eight. He
married, 21st January 1756, Elizabeth, daughter of the Eev.
Thomas Shaw, one of his predecessors (died 26th February
1792), and by her had five sons and three daughters.
William, the eldest son, baptized 24th July 1759, relinquished
the medical profession and became a merchant in India.
Thomas, second son, baptized 28th April 1763, was a lawyer;
he died unmarried. John, third son, baptized 10th March
1766, adopted the nautical profession; he sailed from Calcutta
as chief mate of a ship bound for Busserata, in the Persian
Gulf; it was never heard of after sailing from the coast of
Coromandel. James, fourth son, was baptized 20th July
1768; and Thomas, fifth son, was baptized 5th April 1770.
Of the three daughters of Mr James Knox, minister of
Scone, Charlotte, baptized 17th January 1758, died in 1838 ;
Margaret, baptized 18th October 1764, died in 1831; Elizabeth,
the eldest daughter, baptized 12th November 1756, married
John Home, surveyor, Edinburgh, and died in 1819, leaving
five sons and four daughters. William, the eldest son.
Captain, 86th Eegimeut, married Hopewell Glenny, with issue,
Isaac William, an officer in the 34th Eegiment, and Maria
Glenny, who married Andrew George Malcolm, M.D., Belfast
(died 1856), with issue, one son, who died in infancy. John,
the second son, died in 1806 ; Patrick Carnegie, the third
son, an officer in the 86th regiment, died at Trincomalee,
Ceylon, in 1819 ; James, M.D., fourth son, died in 1834 ;
Andrew Duncan, fifth son, died in 1819. Elizabeth, the
68 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
eldest daughter, married the Eev. John Johnston, Edinburgh,
with issue, two daughters. Eliza, the elder daughter, married
the Eev. Finlay MTherson, by whom she has had one son
and two daughters ; Charlotte, the younger, married the Rev.
David Purves, Maxwelton, with issue, a son and daughter.
Mary Findlater, second daughter of John Home, by his
wife, Elizabeth Knox, died in 1800 ; Charlotte, third daughter,
died in 1842 ; Margaret, fourth daughter, married the Rev.
David Crawford, Edinburgh — issue two sons, William, Com-
mercial Bank, Leith, who married Bethia Innes Gavin ; and
John Knox, Solicitor of the Supreme Court, Edinburgh.
Also, a daughter, Elizabeth, who died in infancy.^
James Knox, younger son of Mr "William Knox, minister
of the parishes of Cockpen and Carrington, studied at the
University of Edinburgh, where he graduated 28th July 1596.
He was elected a regent in the University of Edinburgh, 2d
June 1598, and in 1605 was ordained minister of Kelso. By
the General Assembly, held at Linlithgow in 1606, he was
appointed perpetual moderator of the presbytery, and by the
Privy Council the presbytery were charged to receive him as
such under pain of rebellion. They resisted at their first
meeting, but after a second charge accepted his nomination.
He demitted before the 24th June 1633, and died in the
following August. A portion of Kelso Abbey he used as a
residence, one vault serving as a kitchen, and another as a
bed-chamber ; these were both under the level of the ground.
By his wife, Martha Borthwick, he had three sons, Robert,
William, and James, who was baptized 4th November 1611.
Also four daughters — Martha, baptized 31st May 1608 ;
Elizabeth, baptized 17th September 1612 ; Rachel, baptized
^ Eev. David Crawford's Notes on the Family of Knox.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 69
2d June 1616; Agnes, baptized 7tli October 1617; and
Jean, baptized 16th December 1618.^
Eobert Knox, eldest son of Mr James Knox, minister of
Kelso, baptized 30th December 1606, graduated at the Uni-
versity of Edinburgh 23d July 1625. Licensed to preach
December 1631, he succeeded his father as minister of Kelso,
30th July 1633. He preached before Parliament on the 8th
August, and before the king on the 12th September 1641.
In 1654 he suffered imprisonment for naming the king in
his prayers. He died at Edinburgh on the 15th May 1658.
To the accommodation in the abbey possessed by his father he
added two galleries, one as a place of study, the other as a
bed-chamber. He married first, in March 1638, Margaret,
sister of John Ker of Lochtour; secondly, 15th June 1643,
Elizabeth, second daughter of Sir John jMurray of Philip-
haugh, who, in consideration of her husband's loyalty, ob-
tained on the 22d March 1661 an Act of Parliament, conferring
on her and her children the vacant stipend after his decease.
By his second wife, Mr Eobert Knox had two sons, Eobert
and John, and a daughter Joane.^
Paul Knox, second son of William Knox, merchant, Pres-
ton, is, in the will of his uncle, the Eeformer, named thus :
" Item, I leif to Paule Knox, my bruder sone, ane hundreth
pundis, quhilk lyis in wodset upoune Eobert Campbellis lands
in Kynzeancleucht, and quhairin the said Paule is ellis infeft,
and that to be ane help to hald him at the senilis." Paul
Knox studied at St Salvator's College, St Andrews, where, in
1571, he obtained his degree of B.A., followed by that of
Master. In 1574 he was ordained minister of Kelso, the
1 Fasti Eccl. Scot., i. 455; Kelso Parish Reg.; Knox's Works, edited by-
David Laing, vol. vi., p. Ixxvii. ' Fasti Eccl. Scot., ii. 456.
70 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
parishes of Eclnam and Mackerstan being also placed under
his care. He continued till 1st May 1575, and probably died
about this period, as his name does not re-appear.^
John Knox, third son^ of William Knox at Preston,
/Studied at the University of St Andrews, where he graduated
in 1575. In 1576 he was admitted to the pastoral charge of
Lauder, and in 1584 was translated to Melrose. By the
Privy Council he was, on the 6th March 1589, named one of
the commissioners " for the preservation of true religion " in
the sheriffdom of Edinburgh. In 1596 he was one of the
commissioners for the south appointed to meet with the
Presbytery of Edinburgh to consult respecting the means
necessary for opposing the measures of the excommunicated
Popish earls and their supporters. In the General Assembly
of 1601 he refused to vote for the translation of ministers
recommended by the king. Nominated Moderator of Pres-
bytery by the General Assembly of 1606, the presbytery was
charged by the Privy Council to receive him as such under
pain of rebellion ; he refused office, and was put to the horn.
In 1608 he visited the churches of Annandale, Ewesdale, and
Eskdale, with the Archbishop of Glasgow. He was a mem-
ber of the conference at Falkland, 4th May 1609. In the
General Assembly of 1617, he gently admonished the Arch-
bishop of St Andrews for his doctrine at the opening, and
when obedience to the Articles of Perth was urged at the
synod in November 1618, he in his discourse exhorted the
brethren to uphold the liberty and government of the Church
as established before the appointment of bishops. He died
^ Fasti EccL Scot., i. 455; Knox's "Works, vi., p. Ixxix.
2 The paternity of this member of the house is not altogether determined,
but we incline to regard him as the Reformer's youngest nephew.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 71
in 1623, aged about sixty-eight; he was much esteemed for
his ministerial faithfulness.^
John Knox, believed to be a son of the preceding, gradu-
ated at the University of St Andrews about the year 1613,
and was in 1621 ordained minister of Bowden, Eoxburgh-
shire. In 1632 he contributed to the fund for building the
library of Glasgow College. He continued at Bowden till
the 26th July 1654. He had two sons — Henry, the elder,
a preacher and master of arts, attended Charles II. in his
exile, and a sum was by the English put upon his head ; he
died in the house of a friend at Edinburgh.^
John Knox, younger son of Mr John Knox, minister of
Bowden, graduated at the University of Edinburgh 15th July
1641. He served as a chaplain in the army in support of
Charles II., and was present at the battle of Inverkeithing
in July 1651, when the Eoyalists were defeated. Becoming
chaplain to Archibald, Earl of Angus, he was in the castle of
Tantallon when it was besieged by a party of English troops
commanded by Colonel Lambert. Under the protection of a
lieutenant and party, he accompanied the Countess of Douglas
and her infant son, and her sister-in-law. Lady Alexander,
to North Berwick, from whence they intended to sail to the
coast of Fife. As the boat got aground, the party was
compelled to wait the tide, and meanwhile a portion of the
enemy approached. Dreading capture, the lieutenant and a
portion of his company escaped in fishermen's boats, leaving
Mr Knox with the ladies, a sergeant, and a few sentinels.
Taking the command, he offered to surrender on being
allowed to convey the ladies to a boat. As their rank was
1 Knox's Works, vi. Ixxix. ; Fasti Eccl. Scot., i. 519, 558.
"FastiEccl. Scot, i. 544.
72 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
unsuspected, liis terms were accepted, and the countess and
her infant son and sister-in-law were, with their valuable
ornaments, put on board. Mr Knox now invited the officer
in command of the enemy to join him in a pint of wine,
and learning in a whisper from his servant, as he was
filling it out, that a horse for the lieutenant had arrived and
was on the other side of the inclosure, he at once leaped the
wall, and mounting the horse, soon out-distanced his captors,
and reached the castle. He rendered further service to the
Eoyalist cause by capturing a merchant vessel bearing supplies
to the English army. At Tantallon he remained till the garri-
son surrendered, when, as a prisoner, he was carried to Edin-
burgh. There he received from the king the following letter :
"St Germans, August 31s<, 1653.
" I am promised this letter shall come safe to your hands,
and therefore I am willing that you should know from my-
self that I am still alive, and the same man I was when I
was amongst you. I am very much troubled for what you
suffer, and am using all the endeavours I can to free you,
and before many months I hope you will see I am not idle ;
in the meantime, I cannot but let you know that I am in
greater straits and necessities than you can easily apprehend,
and thereby compelled to leave many things undone which
would be of advantage to me and you. I could heartily wish
therefore, that by your interest and negotiation with those
you dare trust, and who you know wish me well, some way
might be thought of to assist me with money, which would
be a very seasonable obligation, and could never be forgotten
by me. I need say no more to you, but that I shall be glad
to receive any advice or advertisement from you that you
think necessary for me, and shall always remain,
" Your very loving friend,
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIKS OF JOHN KNOX. 73
Whether Mr Knox was able to procure a loan on the king's
behalf does not appear.^
In 1653 Mr Knox was ordained minister of North Leith.
Prevented from using the church by the English soldiers
stationed in the place, he preached in the citadel, and after-
wards at Newhaven. At the Eestoration his services were
forgotten. Adhering to the presbyterian government, he was
by the Privy Council of Charles II. deprived of his charge in
October 1662. Indulged by the Privy Council in September
1672, he ministered at West Calder till July 1687, when he
returned to his charge at Leith. He died in March 1688.
Having married, 23d June 1659, Jean Dalgleish, of the parish
of Cramond, who died 26th October 1673, he had a son, and
a daughter Jean,^ who married, 20th February 1691, the Eev.
John Tullideph, minister of Dunbarnie, son of Principal
Tullideph, St Leonard's College, St Andrews.^
John Knox, described as a son of John Knox, minister of
Leith, and garrison chaplain of Edinburgh Castle, married
Isobel, daughter of John Mack, by whom he had two sons,
David and Thomas. David, the elder son, a surgeon in
Edinburgh, married Isobel, daughter of Piobert Hepburn of
Beanston, by his wife Jane Calderwood, heiress of Whiting,
with issue, three sons — John, Kobert, and David; also a
daughter, Charlotte, who married Thomas Trotter, merchant,
Edinburgh. Eobert was physician to the forces during the
American war; he afterwards settled in London. He died
in 1792, leaving, by his wife Sarah Eogers, three sons —
Granby Eobert, Francis Arthur, and Skene ; also a daughter,
St Clair Stuart, who married, 3d June 1801, her cousin-
1 Wodrow's History of the Churcli of Scotland, 1830, iv. 33-39.
2 Fasti Eccl. Scot., i. 94, 95. ^ Ihid., ii. 634.
74 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
german, William Trotter of Ballindean, Lord Provost of
Edinburgh. Of this marriage were born four sons and three
daughters. Colonel Eobert Knox Trotter, the eldest son,
succeeded to Ballindean ; his eldest daughter, Agnes Bruce,
married, on 15th October 1857, her cousin, John Eogerson,
tenth Baron Eollo.^
John Knox, the Eeformer, was born in a suburb of Had-
dington. As Beza, who was his contemporary, designates
him " Joannes Cnoxus Scotus Giffordiensis," and Spottis-
woode, writing about 1627, describes him as " born in Gifford,
within Lothian," it was held by Dr M'Crie that he was a
native of the village of Gifford, about four miles to the south
of Haddington. But as it has been shown that that village
had no existence at the period of ther Eeformer's birth, having
arisen since the reign of Charles I., it is clear that this opinion
is untenable.^ To the burgesses of Geneva Knox named his
birthplace, when, in 1558, his name was placed upon their
roll ; and therein he is described as a native of Haddington.
He was born in a suburb of that burgh known as Gififord-
gate, and which is separated from the town by the river Tyne.
The barony of Gifford may be traced back to the reign of
David I., and in a charter of 1452, the lands of Giffordgate
are named. Two instruments of sasine, dated 1607 and 1611,
refer to certain portions of land at Giffordgate, being bounded
by the "Knox Walls;" and writing in 1785, the Eev. Dr
Barclay, minister of Haddington, represents, as then standing
in the Giffordgate, the house in which the Eeformer was born.^
^ Burke's Commoners, vol. iv. ; Landed Gentry, ed. 1871, voL ii., p. 1414.
^ Chalmers' Caledonia, vol. ii,, p. 635.
3 Archseologia Scotia, vol. i., p. 69 ; Proceedings of the Society of Anti-
quaries of Scotland, vol. iii., p. 52 ; Knox's Works, edited by David Laing,
vol. vi., preface, pp. xvi. -xviii.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 75
The social status of William Knox, the Eeformer's father,
does not very distinctly appear. Dr Barclay describes his
dwelling as having "a mean appearance," and his will or
testament-dative is not on record. By Archibald Hamilton,
his contemporary, but ecclesiastical opponent, the Eeformer
is described as dbscurus natus parentibus}
John Davidson, minister of Prestonpans, also a contem-
porary, and who enjoyed the Eeformer's personal friendship,
uses, in a panegyrical poem, these lines :
** First, he descendit bot of linage small,
As commonly God usis for to call
The sempill sort his summoundis till expres."^
On the other hand, it appears that the Eeformer's father
possessed substance wherewith to establish one of his sons as
a merchant, and to educate the other for the Church. He
married into the respectable county family of Sinclair.^ And
recent research has indicated, if not entirely proved, that his
wife was sister or certainly a near relation of Marion Sinclair,
wife of George Ker of Samuelston, w^hose daughter and
apparent heir, Nicolas Ker, was second wife of Alexander,
Lord Home, Lord Chamberlain of Scotland. One of the
witnesses to a contract, dated 29th October 1497, in favour of
Alexander, Lord Home, and Nicolas Ker, was William Sinclair
of Northrig, who was probably father or brother of the
Eeformer's mother. John Knox, the Eeformer, resided with
James Ker of Samuelston from 1540 to 1543, discharging
1 Ai'ch. Hamilton's De Confusione Calvinianse Sectse apudScotos Dialogus,
fol. 64, a Parisiis, 1577.
2 Three Scottish Reformers, Lond. 1874, 8vo, p. 86.
3 In times of peril, when his letters were likely to be intercepted, the
Reformer was accustomed to subscribe "John Sinclair" (M'Crie's Life of
Knox, Edinb. 1818, vol. i., p. 2).
76 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
the duties of tutor, and acting occasionally as a clerical
Having, at the grammar school of Haddington, engaged in
preparatory studies, John Knox entered, in his seventeenth
year, the University of Glasgow ; he was, on the 24th October
1522, incorporated as a student. At the University of Glas-
gow he attended the prelections of John Mair or Major, Doctor
of the Sorbonne, and Principal of the college, and Professor
of Theology. Mair subsequently removed to St Andrews,
where as Professor of Divinity in St Salvator's College he was
attended by Buchanan. His sentiments relating both to
matters ecclesiastical and civil were much in advance of his
age. He taught that sovereign power was derived from the
people, and that tyrannical princes might be deposed, and even
put to death. He denied the temporal authority of the Pope,
maintaining that he might be controlled by a general council,
and held that papal excommunication, if pronounced on insuffi-
cient grounds, was without force. He censured the avarice of
the court of Eome, denounced the ambition of the clergy, and
pointing to the insipidity of conventual life, recommended
the reduction of the monasteries. Through his teaching
Knox and Buchanan were first led to inquire into the errors
of the Eoman Church.^
In entering the University of Glasgow, Knox doubtless
intended to qualify himself for ecclesiastical preferment.
And with his remarkable capacity and dialectic skill, it is
not uncertain that he would have early acquired distinction
1 Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, voL iii., pp. 64-68.
* Dr M'Crie has derived Mair's sentiments from his Commentary on the
Third Book of the Master of Sentences, and from his Exposition of Matthew's
Gospel, printed in Latin at Paris in 1517 and 1519 (Life of Knox, Edinb.,
voL i., p. 8).
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 77
either in the Church or university. But he quitted college
without even qualifying himself for a degree in Arts, and
inspired by Mair's teaching, abandoned his ecclesiastical
aspirations, and returned to Haddingtonshire. For eighteen
years his history is nearly a blank. During a portion of that
time he resided with his relations at Samuelston, about three
miles to the south-west of Haddington. Taking secular
orders, he probably acted as chaplain or " rood priest " in the
chapel at Samuelston, dedicated to St Nicholas. In a legal
instrument, dated 27th March 1543, he describes himself as
" minister of the sacred altar, in the diocese of St Andrews."
In the protocol books of Haddington, he is mentioned under
the designation of " Sir John Knox," as having appeared
at the market cross on the 13th December 1540, on behalf
of " James Ker in Samuelston." Similarly styled, he, on
the 21st November 1542, is described as co-umpire with
James Ker in a dispute respecting " a chalder of victual."
In the same protocol books he is, as " Schir John Knox,"
named as witness to a deed concerning Eannelton or Eum-
bleton Law, in the parish of Gordon, Berwickshire.^ In the
charter room of the Earl of Haddington at Tyninghame, is
preserved a notarial instrument in Latin, drawn and sub-
scribed by him. It is an assignation by Elizabeth Home,
Lady Hamilton of Samuelston, of non-entry duties of the Ley-
acre to James Ker of Samuelston, and is dated 27th March
1543. To the future Eeformer Mair's teaching had proved
of a negative character ; since while it led him to forego pre-
ferment in the Church, it afforded him no stimulus to under-
^ Protocol Books of Haddington ; Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries
of Scotland, vol. iii., pp. 57-68 ; Knox's Works, Laing's ed., vol. vi., pre-
face by Dr D. Laing, xx. -xxii.
78 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
take other duties than those of a notary and private chaplain.
In 1543 he became known to the Governor Arran's chaplain,
Thomas Gillaume, a pronounced Protestant. From that skil-
ful theologian he obtained direct acquaintance with the
Eeformed doctrines.^ Gillaume was formerly Provincial of
the order of Blackfriars, and when Arran became reconciled
to Cardinal Beaton, he consulted his safety by retiring to
England, where he was as a preacher employed by the Privy
Knox left Samuelston in 1544 to become tutor to the two
sons of Hugh Douglas of Longniddry, a Haddingtonshire land-
owner, who had embraced the Protestant doctrines. During
his residence at Longniddry, he met and became intimate
with George Wishart, when he in 1545, under the protection
of Hugh Douglas and others, preached in Haddingtonshire.
From place to place he accompanied the future martyr,
bearing as his protector a two-handed sword. The day pre-
ceding that on wliich Wishart fell into the hands of Cardinal
Beaton, Knox reluctantly parted with him at Haddington.
Taking the sword from his hands, Wishart affectionately said
to him, " Eeturn to your bairns, and God bless you ; one is
sufficient for a sacrifice." ^ Next day, being the 13th January
1545-6, Wishart was seized by the cardinal, and, being carried
to St Andrews, was immured in the dungeon of his castle.
Subjected to trial on the 28th February, he was condemned
to be burned at the stake, and on the following day the
revolting sentence was ruthlessly carried out.
Having reduced to ashes the body of one opponent, the
^ Calderwood's History of the Kirk of Scotland, Edinb. 1842, vol. i., p. 156.
2 John Knox and the Church of England, by Peter Lorimer, D.D., Lend.
1875, 8vo, p. 4.
3 Knox's Works, edit. 1846, vol. i., p. 139.
GENEALOGICAL MEiMOlRS OF JOHN KNOX. 79
cardinal resolved forthwith to immolate another. Pursued
from place to place at the cardinal's instance, Knox
determined to visit Germany and its schools. An important
event induced him to change his resolution. On the 29th
May 1546, the cardinal in his castle of St Andrews was, by
a body of conspirators, surprised and slain. In the interests
of Scottish Protestantism, as well as for their own personal
safety, the conspirators retained possession of the stronghold.
On the 11th April 1547, about eleven months after the
cardinal's death, Knox and his pupils, Francis and George
Douglas, and Alexander, eldest son of John Cockburn of
Ormiston, entered the castle. Devoted to the Protestant
cause, Knox had as yet contemplated the discharge of no
higher functions than those of a catechist or private expositor.
But his mode of teaching arrested the attention of the garri-
son, who joined in the request that he would assume among
them the office of a pastor. Among those who especially
urged him to enter the ministry were the celebrated Sir
David Lindsay of the Mount, and Henry Balnaves, a learned
upholder of the Eeformed faith. Nor was John Eough, the
only Protestant minister then labouring in the castle, in any
degree reluctant to receive him as a coadjutor. Abundantly
zealous as a Eeformed pastor, Eough was not unconscious
that in defending his doctrines he lacked the learning and
logical skill for which Knox had already acquired an honour-
able reputation. From the pulpit Eough, in the name of
those assembled, earnestly invited him to accept the minis-
terial office. Struck by the solemnity of the call, Knox
burst into tears, and silently withdrew from the apartment ;
he betook himself to the seclusion of his chamber, but con-
tinued to hesitate. An occurrence which happened a few
80 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
days afterwards, induced him to discourse publicly. Chal-
lenged to a discussion by Dean John Annand, Principal of
St Leonard's College, Eough felt unable to overcome the
casuistry of his sophistical opponent. In the interests of the
Eeformed faith, Knox ofiered to become his substitute, and
disputing with Annand before a large audience in the parish
church, he denounced the Pope as Antichrist. For doctrines
not more obnoxious to the Church of Eome, Wishart had
only fourteen months before been condemned and burnt.
The startled burgesses entreated that one who dared to dis-
course so fearlessly would, on the Sunday following, instruct
them from the pulpit. With this request Knox complied
readily. His sermon, preached in the parish church of St
Andrews, was a commentary on the 24th and 25th verses of
the seventh chapter of the book of Daniel. In his discourse
he denounced the corruption of the Church, and exposed Jbhe
vices of the clergy. Among his hearers were two persons,
whose presence alone would have rendered the occasion
memorable. These were John Winram, sub-prior, who had
preached at Wishart's trial, and John Mair or Major, whose
prelections at Glasgow College had exercised an influence so
salutary on the preacher himself.
A powerful and convincing discourse was followed by
many converts. Leading and influential citizens abjured
Eomanism, and in token of their sincerity received the Com-
munion at the hands of the Eeformed pastors ministering in
the castle. Informed of these proceedings, John Hamilton,
illegitimate brother of the governor, lately nominated Arch-
bishop of St Andrews, enjoined Winram as his vicar-general
to adopt repressive measures. Though inclined to the
Eeformed doctrines, Winram in virtue of his office summoned
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 81
Knox and Eougli to a public discussion with his clergy in the
yard of St Leonard's College. On this occasion Friar Arbuckle,
a man of small capacity and limited acquirements, who under-
took to defend the papacy, was by Knox's powerful logic and
crushing wit, affronted and silenced. With a view to obey
the archbishop, yet not to oiSend the multitude, it was now
resolved that the more learned clergy connected with the
university and city should preach by turns in the parish
church, while in their prelections they should ignore the
new opinions. To disconcert his opponents, Knox discoursed
daily on ecclesiastical abuses, twitting the clergy with showing
a zeal and forbearance to which they had long been strangers.
On the 29th June, twenty-one French galleys appeared in the
bay of St Andrews to aid the governor in reducing the castle.
Unable to approach it by sea, the besiegers commenced on the
24th July an attack by land. From the summit of the cathe-
dral cannon were discharged into the stronghold. The garri-
son, which had already been wasted by sickness, capitulated
on the 31st July. Assured that their lives would be spared,
they were further promised, that on being carried to France, if
they declined to enter the service of the French king, they
would be conveyed to any other country, except Scotland,
which they might select. Prior to the siege, John Eough had
quitted the castle and retired to England ; he there suffered
martyrdom in December 1557, at the instance of Bishop
Bonner. Though condemning their impure lives and reckless
speeches, Knox adhered to his compatriots, and on their sur-
render shared their captivity. He was chained to the oar as
a galley slave. Some members of the garrison were released
from the galleys, and subjected to a less irksome restraint at
Rouen and other places. But Knox, as an offender against
82 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
the Church, was continued at the oar. The galleys, in 1548,
cruised on the east coast of Scotland, enabling the Reformer,
in his bondage, to descry the towers of that interesting little
city in which he had lately preached the words of salvation.
Though prostrated by a slow fever, which had supervened on
toil and imperfect sustenance, he ventured to predict that his
life would be spared till he would again, at St Andrews,
glorify God. As he began to recover, he committed to writing
the substance of his prelections at St Andrews, accompanied
by an earnest exhortation to steadfastness in the Christian
life. He secretly conveyed this document to his friends in
Scotland, who eagerly renewed their efforts for his liberation.
He at length regained his freedom in February 1548-9, after a
captivity of about nineteen months. Proceeding to London,
he was cordially welcomed by Archbishop Cranmer and the
Lords of the Privy Council. In a list of eighty persons
licensed to preach under the ecclesiastical seal since July 1546,
his name appears sixty-fourth in chronological order ; and in
the " Register of the Privy Council," under date Sunday the
7th April 1549, is this entry, " Warrant to the receiver of the
Duchy for 5 lib. to John Knock, preacher, by way of reward."
At the suggestion of Cranmer, preachers of the Reformed
doctrines were under the sanction of the Privy Council
appointed to different districts. Knox was sent to Berwick,
probably at his own request, on account of its proximity to his
native spot and the scene of his early labours. At Berwick
he ministered to the soldiers of the garrison, many of whom,
under his teaching, abandoned their rude manners and licen-
Tunstall, Bishop of Durham, was inclined to silence the
Scottish chaplain on the charge that he had denounced the
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 83
sacrifice of the mass, but it was perilous to interfere with a
preacher sanctioned by the Council. The bishop followed
another course ; he summoned the Keformer to an assembly
of his clergy and of the Council of the North, the latter being
members of the Privy Council connected with the northern
counties. At Newcastle, on the 4th April 1550, the assembly
met, when Knox, in a vigorous address, maintained that the
mass was idolatry. AssaiKng his opponents with a vigorous
raillery, he found them not unwilling to withdraw from
the conflict, while his own reputation thereby became greatly
enhanced. In May 1551 he removed to Newcastle as a
wider sphere of ministerial usefulness. In December of the
same year he was appointed one of the six chaplains in
ordinary to Edward VI. In the king's journal, under the 18th
December 1551, is the following entry: "It was appointed
I should have six chaplains ordinary, of which two ever to be
present, and four always absent in preaching ; one year two
in Wales, two in Lancashire and Derby ; next year two in
the Marches of Scotland, two in Yorkshire ; the third year
two in Devonshire, two in Hampshire ; fourth year two in
Norfolk and Essex, and two in Kent and Sussex, etc. These
six to be BiU, Harle [Harely], Perne, Grindall, Bradford,
Knox." Knox's name is inscribed as an erasure of the name
Eastwick, a Pieformed preacher so designated having been
originally nominated. The Privy Council Eegister of the 27th
October 1552, contains "a warrant to the foure gentlemen of
the privie chamber to pay to Mr Knokis, preacher in the
north, in way of the King's majesty's reward, the sum of xl/."^
^ Knox's Works, voL vi., preface by David Laing, LL.D., xxix. ; John
Knox and the Church of England, by Peter Lorimer, D.D., Lond. 1875,
8vo, pp. 79, 80.
84 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
About the end of September 1552, a remarkable sermon
was preached at London before the king and the Privy
Council, in which the practice of kneeling at the Communion
service was emphatically condemned. The preacher was
certainly Knox.^ The second Prayer Book of Edward VI.,
sanctioned by Parliament to come into use on All Saints'
Day (the first day of November), was now in the press ; it
contained a rubric, inserted for the first time, prescribing that
communicants should receive the Lord's Supper in a kneeling
posture. Such had been the practice of the unreformed
Church, and Knox zealously followed up the sentiments of
Hooper, that partakers of the Lord's Supper should stand or
sit, so as to avoid the appearance of idolatry. Strongly
opposed by Cranmer and Latimer, Knox failed in inducing
the Council to omit the rubric as to kneeling, but at his sug-
gestion was inserted in the Prayer Book the following declara-
tion : " As concerning the sacramental bread and wine, they
remain still in their very natural substances, and therefore
may not be adored, for that were idolatry to be abhorred of
all faithful Christians. And as concerning the natural body
and blood of our Saviour Christ, they are in heaven and not
here ; for it is against the truth of Christ's true natural body
to be in more places than in one at one time." That this
declaration was included in the Prayer Book at Knox's sug-
gestion, we have the testimony of one who would not willingly
have commended him. When on the 18th April 1554, disput-
ing with Latimer at Oxford, Dr Weston, in his place as pro-
locutor, thus expressed himself : " A runnagate Scot did take
away the adoration or worshipping of Christ in the Sacra-
^ John Knox and the Church of England, by Peter Lorimer, D.D., pp.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 85
ment, by whose procurement tliat heresie was put into the
last communion-book; so much prevailed that man's authority
at that time." From the Prayer Book omitted during the
reigns of Queen Elizabeth, James I., and Charles I., Knox's
declaration was restored in 1662, and has retained its place
The "Privy Council Eecords" of the 21st October 1552,
contain the following entry : "A letter to Mr Harley, Mr Bill,
Mr Home, Mr Grindall, Mr Perne, and Mr Knox, to con-
sider certain Articles exhibited to the King's Majestie, to be
subscribed by all such as shall be admitted to be preachers
or ministers in any part of the realm, and to report of theyr
opinions touching the same." ^ Chiefly at Knox's instance,
all reference to " ceremonies " was omitted ; while on the
subject of the Lord's Supper, a declaration in accordance with
that embodied in the Prayer Book was added. The amended
Articles, reduced from forty- five to forty-three, were by the
Council returned to Archbishop Cranmer on the 20th Novem-
ber, and six months later were sanctioned by royal mandate.
An original copy, in Latin, dated 21st October 1552, and
bearing the signatures of the king's chaplains, is preserved in
the Public Piecord Office.^ Knox remained in London till
the middle of December.^ Before returning to Newcastle,
he despatched to his former congregation at Berwick an
"epistle," in which, while reasserting an opinion in favour
of the Communion being received in a sitting posture, he
counsels that peace and good order may not be disturbed by
any resistance to the mode lately prescribed. This com-
^ Privy Council Eecords, voL iii., p. 624.
2 Calendar, Domestic Series, 1547-1580, p. 5, No. 34.
* Dr Lorimer's John Knox and the Church of England, p. 123.
86 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
munication, forming part of the Morrice MSS. in Dr
Williams's Library, has lately been printed by Dr Lorimer.
While thus devoting himself towards the purification of
the Prayer Book and of the Articles of Eeligion, a move-
ment on the Keformer's own behalf was being actively
prosecuted. John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, the
most powerful nobleman in the kingdom since the fall of
Somerset, had, in the summer of 1552, been for a time
resident at Newcastle. There having heard Knox preach, he
constituted him chaplain to his household, and resolved to
advance him in the Church. Hence the duke's letter, to
Cecil, which, dated 27th October 1552, proceeds thus :
" I would to God it might please the King's Majesty to
appoint Mr Knox to the oftice of Eochester bishoprick,
which for these purposes should do very well. The first, he
would not only be a whetstone to quicken and sharp the
Bishop of Canterbury, whereof he hath need; but also he
would be a great confounder of the Anabaptists lately
sprung up in Kent. Secondly, he should not continue the
ministration in the north, contrary to this set forth here.
Thirdly, the family of the Scots, now inhabiting in Newcastle,
chiefly for his fellowship, would not continue there, wherein
many resort to them out of Scotland, which is not requisite.
Herein I pray you, desire my Lord Chamberlain and Mr
Vice-Chamberlain to help towards this good act, both for
God's service and the king's."
On the 23d November, Northumberland again urged on
Cecil " to put him and the lords in memory that some order
be taken for Knokks." This renewed application was so far
effectual that Cecil requested the Reformer to communicate
his wishes to the Duke. Knox waited on his intended
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KXOX. _ 87
patron at Chelsea, with the result indicated in the following
letter sent by Northumberland to Cecil on the 7th December :
" Master Knox being here to speak with me, saying that
he was so willed by you. I do return him again, because I
love not to have to do with men which be neither grateful
nor pleasable. I assure you I mind to have no more to do
with him, but to wish him well."
Chafed with disappointment, and unable to grasp the
Reformer's scruples, Northumberland wrote angrily, but did
not withdraw his friendship. Five days subsequent to the
date of his letter to Cecil, he caused a missive to be
despatched to Lord Wliarton, now at Newcastle, as deputy-
warden of the Border, requesting him to show Knox on his
return every favour and support. Such a communication
was not unneeded, for during his absence in London, rumours
to the Reformer's disadvantage had been industriously pro-
pagated. Returning to Newcastle he there, on Christmas
Day 1552, discoursed to his people on the corruption of the
papacy, and strongly set forth that those who opposed the
preaching of the Gospel were enemies of God and traitors to
To the Mayor of Newcastle, Sir Robert Brandling, Knox's
uncompromising denunciations were especially obnoxious.
To escape his hostilities, Knox was under the necessity of
communicating with Northumberland. In a letter addressed to
Cecil, dated Chelsea, 9th January 1552-3, the duke draws the
secretary's attention to a communication " from poor Knox,"
" by the which," he adds, " you may perceive what perplexity
the poor soul remaineth in at this present." He then desires
that it should be made known " both to Lord Wharton and
the people of Newcastle, that the king hath the poor man and
88 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
his doings in gracious favour," and that " na man shall be
sa hardy to vex him or trouble him fra setting forth the
King's Majesty's most godly proceedings." He characterises
the mayor's charges as " greedy accusations of the poor man,"
and expresses a hope that the Eeformer's sojourn at Newcastle
may be of brief duration.^ Through the intervention of Cecil,
Sir Eobert Brandling and the Keformer's other enemies at New-
castle were baffled for a time, but two months afterwards
new charges against him were transmitted to the Privy
Council. Of their precise nature we are uninformed, but
they were so virulently put forth that the Eeformer believed
that those who did so actually sought his life. In a letter
to Mrs Bowes, he writes: "My Lord of Westmoreland has
written unto me this Wednesday, at six of the clock at night,
immediately thereafter to repair unto him, as I will answer
at my peril. Alas, I fear by my death." The Earl of West-
moreland had, in 1552, on Northumberland's recommenda-
tion, been admitted to the Privy Council; he was also a
member of the Council of the North, and lieutenant of the
bishopric of Durham. He seems to have advised the Eefor-
mer to proceed to London, and there, in presence of the Privy
Council, to rebut the charges brought against him. Knox
reached London in February, and in the following April con-
ducted service in the chapel-royal as one of the king's chap-
lains. Before his youthful sovereign he inveighed against
At the king's request Knox had in February been presented
by Archbishop Cranmer to All Hallow's vicarage, London,
but had declined the office. Northumberland approved the
declinature, but Cranmer, apprehending that he had refused
^ Tytler's England under Reigns of Edward and Mary, vol. ii., p. 157.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 89
on account of the articles on kneeling, summoned him to the
Privy Council. He attended on the 14th April, when the
question of kneeling was debated. He was dismissed with
" gentle speeches." ^
Eelieved from longer officiating at Newcastle, Knox was
commissioned by the Privy Council to proceed on a preach-
ing tour in Buckinghamshire. He commenced in June,
and was prosecuting his mission at the time of the king's
death, which took place on the 6th July. On the 26th July
he preached at Carlisle; in September he was itinerating
in Kent ; and he returned to London in November. During
that month the House of Commons restored the mass, re-
enjoined the celibacy of the clergy, and enacted that from
the 20th of December "there should be no other form of
service but what had been used in the last year of Henry
VIII." About the close of December, Knox's unrelenting
enemies at Newcastle waylaid his servant, and seized his
letters, in the hope of discovering new ground of accusation.
For some weeks he kept in concealment. At length, pro-
curing a vessel, he in March 1553-4 sailed for Dieppe,^
While ministering at Berwick, Knox became intimate in
the family of Eichard Bowes, captain of Norham Castle, in
the county of Durham. Third son of Sir Ptalph Bowes of
Streatlam (whose will is dated 1482), he had two brothers,
who attained distinction — George, who was knighted on
the field of Flodden, and Sir Eobert, who was appointed
Warden of the Marches. Eichard Bowes married in 1522
Elizabeth, one of the two daughters and co-heiresses of
^ Calderwood's History of the Kirk of Scotland (Wodrow Society), vol. ).,
pp. 280, 281.
2 Dr Lorimer's John Knox and the Church of England, 162-200 ; Knox's
Works, vol. vi., preface by Dr Luing, xxxi.
90 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
Koger Aske of Aske, Yorkshire. Her sister married Henry
-Wiclif, descended from that Yorkshire family which pro-
duced Wiclif the reformer.
By his wife, Elizabeth Aske, Eichard Bowes had five sons
and ten daughters. The second sui'viving son, Kobert Bowes,
was ambassador in Scotland during the reign of James VI.
Sir George Bowes, elder surviving son, was knight marshal
to Queen Elizabeth. By his first w^ife, a daughter of Mallony
of Studley, he was progenitor of the family of Bowes of
Bradley. The family estate was inherited by the issue of
his second wife, a daughter of Talbot of Grafton. Mary
Eleanor, only child of George Bowes of Streatlam Castle,
married in 1767 John, ninth Earl of Glammis, who assumed
the surname of Bowes.
The captain of Norham Castle was not very earnest in his
religious opinions. He professed Protestantism, but was
willing, at the suggestions of expediency, to return to the
ancient faith. His wife was, on the contrary, eminently
conscientious. She steadily upheld the Eeformed doctrines ;
and because of his powerful advocacy of them, extended
towards Knox a warm and cordial friendship. An inter-
change of letters was maintained between them from the
time the Keformer left Berwick till Mrs Bowes, as his
mother-in-law, became an inmate of his dwelling. To
Marjory Bowes, her fifth daughter, Knox made proposals of
marriage, and his suit was seconded by her approval, even
when her husband and his family persistently opposed. The
opposition of the Bowes family, it may be added, could not
be overcome. In a letter to Mrs Bowes, the Keformer thus
writes : " This 6 of November I spak with Sir Robert Bowis
on the matter ye knaw, accordinge to your requeist, whais
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 91
disdanefull, yea dispytfull wordis hatli sa persit my hart,
that my lyfe is bitter unto me. . . . Amangis utheris
his maist nnpleasing words, whill that I was about to heve
declarit my hart in the haill matter, he said, 'Away with
your rhetoricall reassonis ! for I will not be persuadit with
Notwithstanding the opposition of her father and relatives,
Marjory Bowes became in 1553 the Eeformer's betrothed
wife. In letters written by him in 1553 and 1554, he
occasionally addresses Mrs Bowes as his "Dearly beloved
Mother," also styling himself " Your son." In a letter dated
1st September 1553, he names Marjory Bowes as his
"wyfe;" and in another, in March 1553-4, as "his dearest
At Dieppe, Knox completed and despatched to Mrs
Bowes an exposition of the sixth Psalm, which he had
begun in England. He also composed a letter, entreating
to patience and endurance those persons in London and
other parts of England to whom he had lately ministered.
At the expiry of a month, he quitted Dieppe, and, travelling
through France, came to Switzerland. From the leading
divines of the Helvetic Church he obtained a warm reception
and a generous hospitality. Eeturning to Dieppe in May, to
receive letters from England, he was gratified to learn that
Mrs Bowes and his betrothed wife had resolved to abandon
their family rather than renounce the Eeformed faith. Hav-
ing written and despatched a letter to his " afilicted brethren "
in England, he repaired to Geneva, where he was welcomed
by Calvin, then in the zenith of his celebrity.
Again at Dieppe in July, he had the discouraging intelli-
^ Knox's Works, vol. iii., pp. 370, 376, 378; vol. vi., preface, p. xxxiii.
92 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
gence that many English Protestants, dreading the severities
of the new regime, had abjured their faith. In earnest com-
munications he exhorted to patient endurance his affianced
wife and her devoted mother, while he composed his "Admoni-
tion to England," which was printed and circulated not long
afterwards. Hitherto depending on his own resources, he had
since leaving Britain suffered from lack of funds. He now
received remittances from attached friends in England ; and
being likewise privileged to share in the bounty which foreign
Keformed churches extended to Protestant exiles, he deter-
mined to settle at Geneva, and there diligently to apply him-
self to the study of the Hebrew Scriptures. This intention
was interrupted by his receiving a call from the English refugees
at Frankfort to become one of their pastors. These refugees
had hitherto adopted the mode of worship used by the French
Protestants, which implied the omission of the surplice, the
litany, and the responses. Afterwards, when a portion of
their number insisted on using the English service-book, Knox,
with Calvin's approval, counselled moderation, and consented
to a form of worship partly taken from the liturgy. Just as
unanimity was being restored, Dr Cox, who had been precep-
tor to Edward VI., and who arrived at Frankfort in March
1555, emphatically demanded that at every service the Book
of Common Prayer should be used only. Knox expostulated;
and, in order effectually to silence him, Cox threatened to
charge him to the emperor with propagating treason, on account
of certain expressions in his "Admonition to England." At
the recommendation of the magistrates, who were favourable
to him, he determined to avoid strife by returning to Geneva;
and on the 25th March he preached to fifty persons assembled
in his lodgings a farewell discourse. In his journey he was
MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
accompanied by William Whittingham, a native of Chester,
educated at Oxford, and afterwards Dean of Durham; also
by other members of the Frankfort church. He had just
become pastor of an English congregation at Geneva, when
he received letters from Scotland intimating that the queen
dowager, Mary of Lorraine, who had succeeded Arran as
regent, was disposed to conciliate the body of Eeformers by
granting them freedom of worship. Unceasing in his anxiety
that his native country might be emancipated from papal
enthraldom, he determined at once to return home and watch
the course of events. With leave of absence from his cure,
he proceeded to Dieppe, and from thence sailed for the south-
east coast of Scotland. At Berwick he remained several
days with his affianced wife and her mother Mrs Bowes, now
a widow ; he then hastened to Edinburgh. There, under the
earnest ministry of John Willock, he found John Erskine of
Dun, and William Maitland of Lethington, two eminent per-
sons, with whom, under a variety of circumstances, he was
destined to be further associated. Maitland was at first
disposed to temporise, but, under the Eeformer's teaching,
he embraced heartily the Protestant doctrines.
Accompanying Erskine to his family residence at Dun,
in Forfarshire, Knox for a whole month preached daily to
the people of that district, including many of the neighbour-
ing gentry who waited on his ministry. On the invitation
of Sir James Sandilands he visited him at Calder House,
Linlithgowshire, where he proclaimed the truths of the
Eeformed faith to influential assemblies, including Archibald,
Lord Lome, afterwards Earl of Argyle ; John, Lord Erskine,
and the Lord James Stuart, afterwards Earl of Murray and
Regent of Scotland. Proceeding to Ayrshire, he preached in
94 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
the county town, and in the mansions of Bar, Kinzeanclengh,
Ochiltree, and Gadgirth. Immediately before Easter 1556, he
visited Finlayston, the seat of the Earl of Glencairn, where,
according to the Helvetian form, he dispensed the Holy Com-
munion. Eeturning to Dun, the gentry of that district made
at the Communion table solemn profession of the Eeformed
faith, pledging themselves to support its interests as opportun-
ity might occur. Knox's activities became known, and, at
the instance of the bishops, he was summoned to attend a
convention of the clergy, to be held in the Blackfriars' Church,
Edinburgh, on the 15th of May. A few days previously he
reached Edinburgh, accompanied by Erskine of Dun and
other Protestant laymen. As the regent declined to sanction
any extreme measures, the diet was abandoned ; and on the
day when he expected to answer as an offender, the Eeformer
preached at Edinburgh to a large and attentive assembly. On
the recommendation of the Earl Marischal, who had become
interested in his doctrines, he addressed a letter to the queen
regent, courteously entreating her protection. Eeceiving the
letter from the Earl of Glencairn, she slightly glanced at it,
and then, handing it to the Archbishop of Glasgow, said:
"Please you, my lord, to read a pasquil." By publishing
his letter, Knox proved that he had expressed himself
Having through his friend Campbell of Kilzeancleuch
accepted an invitation from the aged Earl of Argyle to visit
him at Castle Campbell, he there preached and celebrated
the Communion. He resolved to return to Geneva. His
affianced wife and Mrs Bowes joined him at Edinburgh, where
it seems probable he was married in June 1556. Taking
leave of his friends, he left Scotland in July, joining his wife
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 95
and her mother at Dieppe, whither they had preceded him.
In the "Livre des Anglais," on the 13th September 1556, the
names of "John Knox, Marjory his wife, Elizabeth her mother,
James [blank'] his servant, and Patrick his pupel," are entered
as received members of the English congregation at Geneva,
The summons which he was prepared to meet in May,
was renewed when his departure became known; he was
charged with heresy, and being condemned to the flames, was
burnt in effigy. Against these proceedings he despatched
from Geneva a protest or appellation, fully declaring his
doctrines, and claiming the judgment of a general council.
To those who in Scotland had attended his ministry, he
addressed a communication counselling them to confer weekly,
to study the sacred volume, and to cultivate secret and social
At Geneva, Knox and his colleague Christopher Goodman
ministered in the Temple de Nostre Dame la Neuve, granted
them, on Calvin's intercession, by the Lesser Council of the
city. But while faithfully discharging the pastoral duties
abroad, Knox was chiefly concerned about the Church at home.
To his friends at Edinburgh he, on the 16th March 1556-7,
addressed a letter containing these words : " My own motion
and daily prayer is, not only that I may visit you, but also
that with joy I may end my battle among you. And assure
yourself of that, that whenever a greater number among you
shall call upon me than now hath bound me to serve them,
by His grace it shall not be the fear of punishment, neither
yet of the death temporal, that shall impede my coming to
you." Wliile this letter was on its way, Knox was waited
on by two citizens of Edinburgh, who bore a communi-
cation from the Earl of Glencairn, and the Lords Lome and
96 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIKS OF JOHN KNOX.
Erskine, and Lord James Stuart, reporting that the Protes-
tants were steadfast, that the Eomanists were losing credit,
and that the engine of persecution was no longer formidable.
The writers entreated the Eeformer to place himself among
them, and solemnly vowed to support him at the peril of
their lives. Deeply moved, Knox consulted Calvin and the
members of his flock. All counselled acquiescence, and find-
ing in his friend Whittingham an apt successor in the minis-
terial office, he bade Geneva farewell. He reached Dieppe
in October, but was there much disheartened by receiving
letters, setting forth that some of those who invited his
return had already become faint-hearted, and even regretted
attaching themselves to the Protestant cause. Despatching
a letter of expostulation to the nobility, the Eeformer
communicated privately with Erskine of Dun, and Wishart
of Pitarrow. Eesolving not to return to Scotland till he had
received some reassuring intelligence, he became co-pastor
of the Protestant church lately established at Dieppe. In
December he despatched another letter to the Scottish
nobility, while in a further epistle addressed to Protestants
generally, he combated the doctrines of the Anabaptists, and
His correspondents in Scotland maintaining silence, Knox,
in the winter of 1557-8, returned to Geneva. With other
learned persons he engaged in preparing that English trans-
lation of the Bible which is known as tlie Geneva version.
Before the close of the year, he issued the first part of his
treatise entitled, " The First Blast of the Trumpet against the
Monstrous Eegiment of Women." This treatise or disserta-
tion, directed against the reigning sovereigns of England and
Scotland, and the queen regent of the latter country, was, as
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 97
John Fox, the martyrologist, showed in a letter to the author,
published without consideration. It proved detrimental to
the Reformer's interests, when Queen Elizabeth ascended the
English throne, shortly after its appearance, while on the
other hand it led some to doubt the author's prudence. The
Eeformer's letter of remonstrance to the Scottish nobility was
productive of a more satisfactory result. Assembling at
Edinburgh in December 1557, they subscribed a bond of
mutual assurance, and cordially renewed their invitation to
Knox. Fearing his non-compliance, they sent a letter to
Calvin, begging that he would support their request. Knox
did not receive the message till November 1558 ; it was then
accompanied with tidings otherwise cheering. At a conven-
tion of the nobility and gentry, it had been resolved that
lessons from the Old and New Testament should be read each
Sunday in every parish church, and that the Reformed
preachers should be allowed to teach in private dwellings.
A decisive step on the part of the Archbishop of St Andrews
had likewise conduced towards liberating private judgment.
Unable to dissuade the Earl of Argyle from harbouring
Walter Douglas, a Carmelite friar, who had embraced the
Reformed faith, the archbishop determined to rekindle the
faggot, and extirpate Protestantism by the flames. He seized
Walter Mill, the aged priest of Lunan, whom his prede-
cessor. Cardinal Beaton, had pronounced a heretic, and with-
out the secular sanction, sentenced him to the stake. On the
28th August 1558, Mill suffered at St Andrews. Even those
least inclined to reflection began to doubt the sacred
character of a priesthood which mercilessly refused to
spare one who opposed their creed, even though burdened
with the weight of fourscore years. The atrocity of
98 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
Mill's execution sounded the knell of papal despotism.
The queen regent, bigoted as she was, did not venture to
approve an act which the nation firmly condemned. For
a time the promoters of reformation breathed freely. Knox's
renewed invitation to Scotland reached him at a period
when the upholders of the Reformed doctrines were especially
inspired with hope, for on the 17th November 1558, Mary of
England closed her reign of blood. Knox accordingly deter-
mined to return to his native country, there in defence of
Protestant truth to consecrate his remaining years. His
English brethren at Geneva commended his resolution ; and
by the local government he was, in token of their respect,
voted the freedom of the city.
\\nien he reached Dieppe, he was warned not to pass
through England, as his treatise on female rule had offended
Queen Elizabeth. He therefore sailed for Leith, which he
reached on the 2d of May 1559. He arrived at a peculiar
juncture, for which, indeed, he was not unprepared. He
had heard before leaving France, that on the plea that
Queen Elizabeth was a heretic and a bastard, the princes
of Lorraine were to claim the crown of England for the young
Queen of Scots, and that with this view they were to send
troops to Scotland, there, in the first instance, to suppress the
doctrines of the Reformation. From Dieppe he had, on the
10th April, addressed a letter to Cecil, soliciting an interview
that he might convey important intelligence ; but unwilling to
offend his royal mistress, the minister remained silent. At
Edinburgh, Knox found that under the guidance of her
brothers, the queen regent had vigorously renewed perse-
cution. Under her sanction Archbishop Hamilton had sum-
moned tlie Reformed preachers to appear before him at St
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 99
Andrews on the 2d of February, and had only abandoned
his purpose on the disquieting report that the Protestant
barons had resolved to defend the preachers by the sword.
To conciliate the barons, Hamilton assembled at Edinburgh,
on the 1st March, a provincial council, with the ostensible
object of correcting abuses ; but when it was suggested that
religious services should be conducted in the vulgar tongue,
and immoral persons discharged from exercising the sacred
function, the proposals were rejected. On the other hand,
the corrupt doctrines of the Church were firmly re-asserted,
and a strict inquisition enjoined as to those who absented
themselves from mass. These enactments were followed
by a proclamation from the regent, prohibiting all persons
from preaching who were unsanctioned by the bishops,
and commanding every subject of the realm to celebrate
the approaching feast of Easter according to Catholic rites.
When the Earl of Glencairn ventured to remonstrate with
her on her breach of faith, the regent replied loftily, that
it became not subjects to remind princes of their promises.
The regent, however, gave her assurance that the Eeformed
preachers would not be molested. The pledge was not
kept, and at the instance of the archbishop (who offered
money), the preachers were charged to stand their trial at
Stirling on the 10th of May. When on the 2d May he
arrived at Leith, Knox was, by the provincial council then
sitting at Edinburgh, denounced to the regent, who forth-
with proclaimed him a rebel and an outlaw. He hastened
to Dundee, where he found that the Protestants of the
northern countries had already assembled. It was arranged
that they should proceed to Perth, and there remain till
Erskine of Dun had informed the regent of their peaceable
100 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
inteutions. The regent received Erskine graciously, and
assured him that proceedings against the preachers would be
abandoned. She then charged the clergy to proceed vigor-
ously. As the preachers, relying on the regent's promise,
did not appear in the court at Stirling, they were severally
outlawed, all being prohibited from sheltering them under
pain of rebellion.
From Stirling Erskine rode to Perth, bringing to the
assembled Protestants tidings of the regent's duplicity. Be-
fore his arrival, Knox had conducted service in the Old or
Middle Church ; he had denounced the prevailing corruption,
especially image worship and the mass. The congregation
were quietly dispersing, when an imprudent priest, uncover-
ing a richly adorned altar, prepared to celebrate mass. A
boy who accosted him rudely, he recklessly struck, and the
youth in revenge cast a stone, which, falling upon the altar,
broke an image. Other stones followed, for the bystanders
were excited not more by the Eeformer's preaching, than by
the boldness of the priest. Forthwith a crowd collected,
which the magistrates, aided by the Eeformer himself, was
unable to disperse till they had unroofed and shattered the
buildings occupied by the black and grey friars, and had
wrecked the costly structure of the Carthusian monastery.^
Collecting an army, the regent hastened from Stirling to
Perth, ostensibly to punish the rabble, but in reality to wreak
her vengeance on the assembled Protestants. Finding that
she would fail in open warfare, she proposed a treaty, which
being agreed to, the city surrendered. Knox perceived
that the regent was insincere, and that on the first oppor-
tunity she would renew hostilities. Meanwhile, he held an
^ Knox's History of the Reformation, Wodrow ed., vol. i., p. 442.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 101
interview with the young Earl of Argyle and Lord James
Stuart, both of whom still adhered to the court ; they agreed
that should the regent violate the new treaty, they w^ould
abandon her cause. When the Eeformers had disbanded, she
at once resumed the offensive, and with a view of suppressing
the Reformed doctrines in Fife, marched her troops to Falk-
land. Knox proceeded to the eastern shores of Fife, and there
preached in the churches of Anstruther and Crail. On the
9th June, he joined at St Andrews the Earl of Argyle and
Lord James Stuart, now leagued with the Protestant party.
They endeavoured to dissuade him from preaching in the city,
as the archbishop menaced military resistance. But he refused
to forego a purpose deliberately formed. Without interference
he, on the following Sunday, occupied the pulpit of the parish
church, discoursing to a numerous assembly on the ejection of
the traffickers from the temple. In the same place he preached
on the two following days, with the result that the magistrates
agreed to set up the Reformed faith, while the body of the
citizens tore down the monasteries and wrecked the cathedral.
From Falkland the regent moved eastward, and planted
her troops on Cupar Muir, within nine miles of St Andrews.
The Reformers waited her advance. Tidings of their su-
perior numbers led her to avoid risking an engagement ; she
again proposed terms. At the same time, to prevent the
surprise of Edinburgh, she caused the passage of the Forth
to be strongly fortified. Informed of her movements, and
wholly distrusting her promises, the Reformers overwhelmed
her garrison at Perth, and by way of Stirling marched to
Edinburgh. There Knox preached in St Giles's Church, and
in the Abbey of Holyrood. By the body of the citizens he
was appointed minister of Edinburgh.
1 02 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
Leaving Fife, the regent crossed the Forth. Edinburgh
being in the hands of the Eeformers, she moved her army to
Dunbar, and from thence sought to renew negotiations. At
length she gained admission to the capital, for I^rd Erskine,
M'ho held the castle, yielded her support, and the inhabitants
of Leith, opening their gates, surrendered to her authority.
Having established a congregation at Edinburgh, and dis-
pensed the Communion, in which many of the citizens joined,
Knox left the care of his flock to Mr John Willock, and
proceeded on a preaching tour. He visited Kelso, Jedburgh,
Dumfries, Ayr, Stirling, Perth, Brechin, and Montrose, and at
each of these places planted or confirmed a Reformed pastor-
ate. Most of the abbeys and monasteries were in ruins, torn
down by a lately oppressed but now unfettered and jubilant
Knox was joined by his family in September. He had in
May requested his wife and mother-in-law to return to Scot-
land. They were permitted to pass through England, and
were accompanied by Mr Christopher Goodman, Knox's col-
league at Geneva, who, on his arrival, was appointed minister
first at Ayr, afterwards at St Andrews.
During Knox's former visit to Scotland, the adherents of
the Reformed cause assumed the name of the Congregation.
In September 1559, their leaders, styled the Lords of the
Congregation, included, with many lesser barons, the Earls of
Argyle, Glencairn, jVIenteith, and Rothes ; the Lords Ochil-
tree, Boyd, and Ruthven, and the Lord James Stuart. They
commanded eight thousand men, but of these one thousand
only were armed.
Against the army of the Congregation the regent could
marshal five thousand troops, of whom the greater number
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 103
were experienced French soldiers. When open conflict be-
came imminent, the lords applied for aid to the English
Government, while Knox wrote personally to Cecil, and
through him conveyed to Queen Elizabeth his regret that he
had offended her. Cecil consented to negotiate, and Knox
proceeded to Berwick, there, through the governor, Sir James
Croft, to hold direct communication with the English court.
General assurances of support were given ; but these, as
practically worthless, the lords received with indignation.
Knox counselled forbearance, and desired permission to
renew negotiations personally. He wrote strongly to Cecil,
and, in answer, was promised a subsidy. It was to be
handed to a confidential messenger at Berwick, and, to avoid
suspicion, paid in French crowns.
Informed of Knox's negotiations with the English court, the
regent resolved on his destruction; she offered a sum of
money to any one who would apprehend or slay him. Cog-
nisant of his danger, he made no special provision for his
safety. He preached daily, and devoted his mornings and
evenings to correspondence and public business. The most
industrious person in the commonwealth, he ruled the vessel
of the State, and practically guided its affairs.
A convention of the lords, barons, and representatives of
burghs was, under Knox's direction, held at Edinburgh on
the 21st October. The conduct of the queen-dowager in
introducing foreign troops was freely condemned. It was
further held that she had preferred foreign counsels to the
entreaties, even the remonstrances, of the native barons. On
these grounds her suspension from the regency was moved
by Willock and seconded by Knox. The resolution was
adopted, and a council appointed to administer affairs till a
104 GEXEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KXOX.
free Parliament might be convened. Among those who
approved the proceedings was the Duke of Chastelherault, the
former regent, who, with his son, the Earl of Arran, had
joined the Congregation.
But disasters were at hand. The messenger who was con-
veying the treasure from Berwick was seized and plundered, a
portion of the Protestant army mutinied, and at an affair at
Leith, the Eeformers were repulsed by the French troops. At
another encounter on the 5th November, the leading members
of the Congregation were defeated by the queen's party.
The council sought refuge at Stirling. There Knox
preached to them, and succeeded in inspiring among them
renovated ardour. By the council Maitland of Lethington
was despatched to the English court; and it was arranged
that, during his absence, one-half of the council should
reside at Glasgow, the other at St Andrews. As secretary
of the council, Knox proceeded to St Andrews. "When
the French troops, early in 1560, penetrated into Fife, he
encouraged the small band, which, under the Earl of Arran
and Lord James Stuart, resisted their progress.
Maitland's embassy was successful. On the 27th February
Queen Elizabeth concluded a treaty with the Lords of the
Congregation, by which she undertook to send an army to
their support. Early in April the two armies joined, and soon
afterwards the fortifications of Leith, in which the French
troops had enclosed themselves, were invested both by sea and
land. In failing health the queen-regent sought refuge in
Edinburgh Castle ; there she died in the following June.
After some changes Queen Elizabeth resolved to support the
Congregation with increased vigour, a resolution which brought
satisfactory overtures from the French court. A treaty was
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOH^" KNOX. 105
subscribed on the 7th July, by which it was settled that the
French troops should at once quit the country, and those who
had opposed the late queen-regent should receive pardon,
while a free Parliament was to settle national affairs. On the
19th July four thousand French troops were in English vessels
embarked for France, while in St Giles's Church a public
thanksgiving for the deliverance was solemnly observed.
Parliament met at once, but was adjourned till the 1st of
August, when the subject of reformation was introduced by a
petition subscribed by Protestants of different ranks. It was
agreed that the Reformed clergy should prepare a summary
of doctrine. They forthwith drew up a confession of faith,
which, deliberately considered, was, on the ITtli August,
solemnly ratified. On the 2'ltli August the papal jurisdiction
in Scotland was annulled, and the mass abolished.
On the 2oth August, Randolph, the English ambassador
in Scotland, wrote to Cecil that he had conversed with the
chief ministers respecting uniformity of worship in both king-
doms, and that while they regarded the proposal with favour,
he personally doubted its accomplishment. He augured
rightly. Amidst no inconsiderable opposition, Knox intro-
duced the forms and discipline of Geneva, and assisted by
four of his brethren, prepared an ecclesiastical code, after-
wards known as the " First Book of Discipline." Instead of
bishops ten superintendents were proposed, but not more
than six were appointed, and the office was afterwards
dispensed with. Pastors were admitted to office on being
called by the people. Elders and deacons were appointed ;
the former to aid the minister in parochial discipline, the
latter to have oversight of the poor. In the " Book of
Discipline," it was stipulated that a school should be erected
106 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
in every parish, aud that the three universities should be
connected with the Church. The ecclesiastical revenues, it
was provided, should be dedicated to the support of the
ministry, of the parish school, and of the poor. This
monetary provision was obnoxious to the nobility, who
hoped to obtain the lands which had belonged to the
Church. At length it was determined by the Privy Council
that the Church revenues should be divided into three parts,
two to be retained by the ejected clergy, and the third to
be divided between the court and the Protestant ministers.
Against this resolution Knox strongly protested, maintaining
that his brethren should be more adequately sustained.
On the establishment of the Eeformed Church in August
1560, Knox resumed his office as minister of Edinburgh; he
conducted service in St Giles's Church. According to Ean-
dolph, in a letter to Cecil, he could, by his oratory, better
sway an assembly than would the clangour of six hundred
trumpets. Hitherto sustained through private generosity, he
was, as minister of Edinburgh, granted by the Town Council a
stipend of £200, payable quarterly. And as the provost and
prebendaries of St Giles's Collegiate Church were allowed to
retain their residences, he received as lodgment a house at
the Netherbow Port, for which the Town Council paid a
rent of fifteen merks. This dwelling remains entire, as the
only monument in the Scottish capital of the illustrious
Reformer. Sometime the residence of George Durie, Abbot
of Dunfermline, it was one of the most commodious and
elegant mansions in the city. In the accompanying engrav-
ing is denoted its present aspects. A stone building of irre-
gular architecture, with small ornate windows, it exhibits a
timber projection, and outside stair. At an angle is a statue
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
of Moses receiving the law. The lawgiver points to a carved
stone, designed to represent the sun rising among the clouds,
on which is engraved the name of God in Greek, Latin, and
English. On the west front is the legend: "Lufe God above
AL, AND YOUR NIC HBO UR
AS YOURSELF." In October
1561, the Town Council
of Edinburgh added to the
mansion "a warm study," ^
constructed of oak, which
has two windows, a fire-
place, and a recess for
books. From the win-
dow of the audience hall
the Eeformer occasionally
preached. His sitting-
room and bed-chamber are, with some modern additions,
entire. In one of the rooms is an oak chair, which probably
belonged to him. The house is exhibited to strangers.
About the close of December 1560, the Eeformer sus-
tained severe affliction in the death of his attached wife.
In a letter of condolence addressed to the bereaved husband,
Calvin remarked that she was " a wife, the like of whom is
not everywhere found." Writing to Mr Christopher Good-
man, he describes her as " suavissima." Mrs Knox died
about the age of twenty-seven. Her mother, Mrs Bowes,
continued a member of the Reformer's household. Subject
to melancholy, she augmented his anxieties.
Francis II. of France, the sickly husband of Mary Stuart,
Queen of Scotland, expired on the 6th December 1560, and
^ Edinburgh Town Council Records.
108 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
with his death terminated a project to annul the English
treaty, and denounce as illegal the proceedings of that
assembly of the estates which had established the Protestant
faith. It now became the settled opinion of the Protestant
nobles that if the queen were removed from the influences
of the French court, she might, guided by prevailing
sentiment, govern well and prudently. They, therefore,
invited her return. Knox cherished a contrary opinion, but
he was overruled.
The queen landed at Leith on the 19th August. She
directed that on the following Sunday mass should be
celebrated at Holyrood. The announcement roused the
populace, but Knox counselled moderation. Next Sunday,
however, he publicly declared that by a single mass the
truth was more endangered than by the swords of ten
thousand adversaries. This was strong language; and as
before leaving France the queen had boasted she would
silence him, it was to be anticipated that he would be
required to answer for his boldness.
The Reformer was summoned to Holyrood. In presence
of the Lord James Stuart, he was brought before the queen.
She began by railing at him, then talked peevishly of his
abusing her, and ultimately told the Reformer that she would
send for those who could answer him. Knox expressed
himself with much courtesy, and concluded a brief exposi-
tion of the Reformed doctrines with these words : " I pray,
madam, that you may be as blessed within the common-
wealth of Scotland as even Deborah was in the common-
wealth of Israel."
In celebration of the massacre of Vassy, when her uncles,
the Duke of Guise and the Cardinal of Lorraine, surprised
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 109
and slaughtered a congregation assembled for Protestant
worship, the queen entertained her servants at a dancing
assembly. From the pulpit Knox denounced the proceed-
ing, and he was, in consequence, again summoned to the
palace. Having learned that on this occasion the Eelormer
would command even a wider sympathy than when lately
he had denounced the mass, the queen heard his defence
patiently; and instead of venturing on censure, dismissed
him with the not ungracious request that when next he
had occasion to find fault with her, she hoped he would do
so elsewhere than in church. In passing from the royal
presence through the ante-room, a gentlewoman remarked
that he was evidently not afraid. Turning to the speaker
he said mildly, " Fearlessly I have looked into the counte-
nances of angry men, and why should I fear the face of a
fair lady ?"
Early in 1562 Erskine of Dun was admitted to ottice as
Superintendent of Angus. Knox preached on the occasion.
In the following month, in St Giles's Church, he solemnised
the marriage of Lord James Stuart, now Earl of Murray, with
a daughter of the Earl Marischal. During autumn an attempt
to upset the constitution by substituting at court Popish for
Protestant counsellors being successfully resisted, the Earl
of Huntly rose in rebellion. He was, on the 28th October
1562, overcome by the Earl of Murray at the battle of
Corrichie. In support of order Knox aroused the barons of
the southern and western counties.
The most influential person in the State, Knox was, by the
entire body of the Eeformers, beloved and reverenced. He was
asked to adjust differences in families, to settle civil disputes,
and to intercede on behalf of those who had offended. Eegular
110 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
in attending Church courts, he often preached, and was care-
ful in his preparations. But his duties at length became too
arduous, and in June 1563 he accepted as his colleague
Mr John Craig, formerly of the Canongate.
On the 28th September, at eight o'clock of the morning,
Knox commenced, in the house of the Provost of Maybole,
his celebrated disputation with Quentin Kennedy, uncle of
the Earl of Cassilis and Abbot of Crossraguel. The subject
was the lawfulness of the mass, and the debate continued
three days, when the umpires, forty on each side, being
wholly exhausted, begged an adjournment. The debate was
not resumed ; but Knox, to counteract false reports as to
what had occurred, published a narrative of the discussion.
The tract, long extremely rare, has been reproduced in the
late collected edition of the Eeformer's works.^
A proclamation of the queen in council, forbidding the
celebration of the mass, having been violated in a western
county, the Protestant gentlemen of the neighbourhood seized
and apprehended the offending priests. Soon afterwards, when
on a visit to Lochleven in May 1563, the queen sent for
Knox, and in a lengthened interview, entreated him to help
her in procuring toleration for those adhering to the Catholic
faith. Altogether opposed to compromise, Knox insisted that
the law should be enforced against those using papal rites.
He spoke of the contract which subsisted between princes
and their subjects, maintaining that allegiance could only be
exacted from the latter when the former duly executed the
law. The queen evinced her displeasure, but next morning
recalled the Reformer, and expressed herself graciously. She
mentioned to him playfully that Lord Ruthven had proposed
^ Knox's Works, edited by David Laing, voL vi., pp. 15.5-220.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
marriage to her, but that she disliked him, as he used
enchantment. She referred to differences between the Earl
and Countess of Argyll, which she hoped the Eeformer would
heal, and finally promised to protect the new faith by punish-
ing its opponents.
In token of her sincerity the queen put in ward Arch-
bishop Hamilton and some other priests ; she also convened a
Parliament, ostensibly to establish the Protestant faith. As
the Parliament was at once dissolved, Knox apprehended that
the Protestant lords had been temporising to gain the royal
favour, and so censured them, both in private and from the
pulpit. Eeferring to a rumour that the queen was to marry
a Catholic, he denounced the project as fraught with con-
sequences pernicious and terrible.
The queen commanded him to attend at Holyrood. He
came, and she passionately charged him with trespassing on
her forbearance. "What have you to do with my marriage;
or what are you in this commonwealth ? " she exclaimed
petulantly, and with scorn. " Madam," replied the preacher,
" I am a subject born within the commonwealth, and a profit-
able member of it ; by your being wedded to an unfaithful
husband the State would suffer." Mary burst into tears, and
Erskine of Dun, who was present, desired the Eeformer to
withdraw. The queen insisted that he should be put in
ward, but he was allowed to return to his house.
The queen vowed revenge. Eeports to the Eeformer's
disadvantage were circulated, but his moral character was un-
impeachable. A difficulty supervened. During the queen's
absence at Stirling in August, her domestics were celebrating
worship at Holyrood according to the Catholic ritual, when
several Protestant citizens burst into the chapel, and interrupted
112 GKNEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
the service. Two of the rioters were seized and committed
for trial. Though disapproving their unseemly proceedings,
Knox apprehended that if the persons, seized were subjected
to punishment, the adherents of the papacy would multiply
grievances, and bring charges against all who were opposed
to them. He accordingly, with the consent of the Church,
issued a circular letter entreating the leading Protestants of
the city to attend at the trial. One of the circulars falling
into the hands of Sinclair, Bishop of Koss, President of the
Court of Session, he conveyed it to the queen. Consulting
some members of her council, who pronounced it treasonable,
she charged Knox to appear before a convention of the
council and nobility, to be held at Holjrrood in December.
For the first time since his arrival in Scotland the Re-
former's friends felt anxious for his safety. If his letter was
found treasonable, it was certain he could expect no clemency
from the throne. His friends accordingly entreated him to
withdraw his letter, and trust to the forbearance of his
judges. Refusing to retract or alter a single word, he, through
a multitude of spectators, walked to the meeting-place of the
convention, and there stood before the council- table. Seeing
him in the place of trial, the queen burst into unseemly
laughter, and remarked to those who sat near her, how that
he had made her weep without weeping himself ; but that
" she would make him weep now."
The indictment embraced two charges. The accused, it
was asserted, had illegally convoked the lieges, while
by these words contained in his letter — "open a door to
execute cruelty against a multitude," he had charged the
queen with cruelty and injustice. The first charge at once
broke down. To the second charge Knox made answer, that
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. IIJ
he accused not Ms sovereign with cruelty, but those enemies
of the State who sought to exterminate the Eeformed
doctrines. He then withdrew ; on being recalled he was
informed that, as a free man, he might return to his house.
Having made sure of his condemnation, the queen was
irreconcilable. To allay her resentment, the Earl of Alurray
and Secretary Maitland proposed to the Eeformer that he
should ward himself in the castle, though for an hour only.
His conscience, he replied, would not permit such trifling
Having remained a widower upwards of three years, Knox,
in March 1563-4, espoused Margaret Stewart, second daughter
of Andrew, third Lord Ochiltree. His wife inherited royal
blood; she was descended from Eobert II., through his second
son, Robert, Duke of Albany. Her father, known as " the good
Lord Ochiltree," was the Reformer's deeply-attached friend,
and one of the earliest and most zealous promoters of the
In his public devotions Knox prayed for the queen's con-
version. Secretary Maitland disapproved, and between him
and the Reformer a warm debate as to whether his procedure
was lawful, also on the obedience due to princes, was, in June
1564, conducted before some of the leading clergy. It was
proposed to consult Calvin, but no definite resolution was
arrived at. The Reformer, it may be assumed, continued his
After rejecting numerous offers for her hand, the queen at
1 In writing to Cecil, 18tli March 1563-4, Randolph notifies the Reformer's
proclanjation of banns, adding, "The queen stormeth wonderfully, for that
ahe [Margaret Stewart] is of the blood and name " (Knox's works, vol. vi.,
114 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
length gave a preference to her cousin, Henry, Lord Darnley,
son of the Earl of Lennox. She was married to Darnley in
the Abbey Church of Holyrood on the 29th July 1565.
Though practically indifferent to religion, Lord Darnley was
professedly a Catholic, and in prospect of the marriage, some
further security for the maintenance of the Protestant faith
was desired generally. To gratify the nobility, the queen
summoned a Parliament ; but she at once prorogued it to
avoid any legal recognition of the Eeformed doctrines. On
the other hand, she endeavoured to conciliate the Eeformed
clergy by occasionally attending their public services.
Resolving to uphold her prerogative, and therewith the
Roman faith, she proceeded to fortify her authority. With-
out consulting the council or the nobility, she created her
husband Duke of Albany, and gave him the title of king.
Feeling they were deceived, the Earl of Murray and others of
noble rank left the court, and attempted an insurrection ;
being insufficiently supported, they fled to England. In this
revolt Knox and the Protestant ministers did not join ; they
were willing to live peaceably so long as their liberty was
not actually endangered. To gratify the Reformers, Darnley
attended St Giles's Church on Sunday, the 19th August,
occupying a seat which was specially prepared for him.
Knox preached, and in the course of his prelections, quoted
these words of Scripture, "I will give children to be their
princes, and babes shall rule over them ; children are their
oppressors, and women rule over them." Believing that the
preacher intended the quotation as applicable to himself and
the queen, Darnley returned to the palace, and refused to eat
till the Reformer was sent for. Knox had, as was his manner,
retired to rest after the morning service ; he was aroused,
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 115
and conducted to Holyrood. He was asked no questions, but
was prohibited from occupying his pulpit so long as their
majesties remained in Edinburgh. Knox published his
sermon, and it is interesting as the only specimen of his
pulpit discourses which has been handed down. In the
preface he remarks that he considered himself " rather called
of God to instruct the ignorant, comfort the sorrowful, con-
firm the weak, and rebuke the proud, . . . than to com-
pose books." Withal he holds that he would be " injurious
to the Giver if he dared to deny that God had revealed unto
him secrets unknown to the world ; " affirming in explanation
that he had betaken himself to " study and travail within the
Scriptures of God these twenty years." ^
The queen and Darnley left Edinburgh for Linlithgow and
Stirling on the 25th August — a considerate step, since the
town council had determined that the ministrations of their
favourite pastor should not be interrupted.
About December 1565, Mr Christopher Goodman, minis-
ter of St Andrews, returned to England, and so vacated his
ministerial charge, when the members of the congregation
entreated the General Assembly that Knox might be ap-
pointed as his successor. The application was refused, but
Knox was delegated by the Assembly to visit the ministers
in the southern counties, and to encourage them under their
privations. He was also commissioned to prepare a treatise
1 Knox's discourse is contained in a small duodecimo, entitled, "A Sermon
preached by 'lolin Knox,' Minister of Christ lesus, in the publique audience
of the Church at Edinbrough, within the Realme of Scotland, vpon Sunday,
the 19th of August 1565, for the which the said lohn Knoxe was inhibite
preaching for a season. Imprinted anno 1566." The preface is dated at
"Edinburgh, the 19th of September 1565." A copy, which was purchased
by Mr Heber for £4, 19s,, is preserved in the Grenville Collection in the
library of the British Museum.
116 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
on fasting, which was intended to indicate grounds for national
humiliation and watchfulness. Those grounds, as represented
by Knox, were sufficiently alarming. Since her marriage,
and the exile of the Protestant lords, the queen had vigorously
sought the destruction of the Keformed Church. While
issuing proclamations declaring that she would protect the
religion of the people, she secretly prepared for the restora-
tion of the Eoman faith. Even Darnley, libertine as he was,
affected zeal for the Catholic Church, and with the Earls of
Lennox, Cassilis, and Caithness, and Lords Montgomery and
Seton, assisted at its rites. Friars were employed to preach
at Holyrood ; Roman ecclesiastics were restored to their seats
in Parliament ; and altars were prepared for erection in St
Giles's Church. To complete the resolution, the exiled lords
were summoned to attend in Parliament on the 12th March,
that in their contemplated absence they might be forfeited.
An unexpected complication intervened. Granted soon
after his marriage the title of king, Darnley had, owing to
his hopeless incapacity, been denied the privilege of reigning.
Instigated probably by his worthless companions, he insisted
on receiving the crown matrimonial, or, in other words, a
share in administering the Government. As the queen
demurred to his request, he was persuaded that in her declina-
ture she was guided by her secretary, David Riccio, who, he
also persuaded himself, was his rival in her affections. He
resolved, therefore, on Riccio's destruction ; and finding accom-
plices in the Earl of Morton and Lord Ruthven, he, on the
evening of Saturday, the 9th March 1565-6, ushered these
noblemen into the royal apartments at Holyrood, where
they despatched the secretary in the queen's presence.
Riccio's death proved serviceable to the Protestant cause.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KI^OX.
A native of Italy, accomplished in letters, and warmly
attached to the Roman faith, he had been a main counsellor
in those arrangements by which the subversion of the
Reformed Chvirch had been provided for. So fully was this
understood that, immediately on obtaining intelligence of
his death, the exiled lords returned to Scotland. Knox hav-
ing in the pulpit expressed his gratitude that the queen had
been delivered from an evil counsellor, he again experienced
a sharp manifestation of her displeasure. To secure his
safety he left Edinburgh. The queen, hearing he had gone
to Ayrshire, communicated with a nobleman of the West,
desiring that he would, to one so obnoxious to her, exhibit
neither countenance nor hospitality. With the permission of
the General Assembly, the Reformer repaired to England,
where his two sons were residinof with relatives of their
mother. Before leaving Scotland he denounced, both to the
General Assembly and to the Privy Council, an act of the
queen, by which, on the 23d December 1566, she restored
the Archbishop of St Andrews to his former jurisdiction.
Not long subsequent to Riccio's murder, the queen came
to know that it had been devised by her husband ; she vowed
revenge, and remained implacable. On the 10th February
1566-7, at two o'clock a.m., the house in Kirk o' Field, Edin-
burgh, in which Darnley had the evening before retired to rest,
was blown up with gunpowder; his dead body was found
among the ruins. Public opinion charged the Earl of Both-
well with the murder ; and the queen, who had before the
event intimately associated with that nobleman, afterwards
extended to him friendly intercourse. On the 15th May, or
just three months after Darnley 's murder, she became his wife.
The Protestant lords confederated for the defence of the king-
118 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
dom, and of the young prince. Bothwell, defeated at Carberry
Hill, fled to Norway ; and the queen, conveyed a prisoner to
Lochleven, abdicated in favour of her son.
Knox returned from England in June. He was present at
the General Assembly which met at Edinburgh on the 25th
of that month, when he accepted a commission to entreat the
Hamilton s and others, who stood aloof from the confederate
lords, to attend a convention of the estates. On the 29tli
July he preached in the parish church of Stirling at the
coronation of James VI.
Soon after Darnley's murder, the Earl of Murray, obtain-
ing permission to leave the kingdom, retired to France.
He was recalled by a message from the confederate lords,
informing him of the queen's abdication, and that he had
been nominated to the regency. On the 22d August 1567,
he assumed office. Parliament, under his authority, met on
the 15th December, when Knox delivered a discourse, com-
mending the interests of the Church. The Confession of
Faith, and acts establishing the Protestant faith and against
Popery, were now formally ratified. It was further enacted
that each succeeding sovereign should make promise at
coronation to uphold the Reformed faith and the jurisdic-
tion of the General Assembly. Knox did not acquiesce in
the queen's imprisonment. He held that she was guilty
of murder, and that, in like manner as a private citizen,
she should be subjected to trial, and if found guilty, con-
demned. On the 2d May 1568, the queen escaped from
Lochleven Castle, and, joined by a portion of the nobility
and their followers, including the party of the Hamiltons,
attempted to upset the Government. Defeated at Langside,
she rode sixty miles to the Abbey of Dundrennan, where
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 119
she found shelter. Next day she proceeded to Carlisle, to
throw herself on the protection of Queen Elizabeth, whose
title to the English throne she had not long before endea-
voured to subvert.
Mary's prompt discomfiture being chiefly due to the
energy of the regent, Archbishop Hamilton proceeded to
form a conspiracy to effect his death. In his nephew,
Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh, he found one ready to under-
take to assassinate a ruler who, when he was under sentence
of death, had spared his life. As the regent was passing
through Linlithgow, Hamilton discharged at him a musket
ball, which inflicted a mortal wound. The regent perished
on the evening of Saturday the 23d January 1569-70, and
next morning Knox received the sad tidings. He was over-
whelmed with grief, for apart from the irreparable injury
which he knew the country had sustained, he was moved by
the consideration that lie had recommended to the regent's
pardon the man at whose hand he had fallen. In the pulpit
he expressed himself with deep feeling, commending the
slaughtered nobleman as one largely imbued with Divine
grace, and whose removal was, he believed, a chastisement on
the kingdom. On the 14tli February the regent's remains
were deposited in the southern aisle of St Giles's Church.
Prior to the interment, Knox preached to a congregation of
three thousand persons, when he expatiated on the virtues of
the deceased. Many of his hearers wept.
After the regent's death, the Reformer's health began to
fail. The shock had seriously injured a constitution
enfeebled by many labours. In October 1570 he suffered
from an attack of apoplexy, which for a time impaired his
utterance. But he recovered ; and though he ceased to
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
attend Church courts, and to minister at week-day servicer,
he preached each morning in St Giles's Church.
As the natural guardian of the young king, the Earl of
Lennox was appointed regent, much to the annoyance of
the Hamiltons, who now openly espoused the cause of the
exiled queen. They were supported by Maitland of Leth-
ington and Sir William Kirkaldy of Grange, the latter
being governor of Edinburgh Castle. Eor a time Kirkaldy
had professed neutrality. A supporter of the Eeformation,
he was cherished by Knox as a warm personal friend.
But his vacillating disposition had led the Reformer to
doubt whether he could be fully relied on. At length
ensued an open rupture. In a dispute between Kirkaldy,
as governor of the castle, and the town council of the
city, in regard to a soldier of the garrison who had been
charged with murder, the Reformer supported the corpora-
tion. Incensed by a report that Knox had traduced him
from the pulpit, Kirkaldy attended St Giles's Church, along
with several persons associated with the alleged felony.
Knox discoursed on the sinfulness of forgetting God's
benefits, and warned his hearers against confiding in the
Divine mercy, while knowingly transgressing the command-
ments. Accepting the censures as applicable to himself,
Kirkaldy talked menacingly ; and certain annoyances to
which the Reformer was subjected w^ere traced to his devices.
Among other modes of vexation, the Reformer found him-
self, by anonymous placards, represented to the General
Assembly of March 1570-1 as a mover of sedition; he was
also charged with having denounced the queen as a repro-
bate, and of having refused to pray for her. He was coun-
selled to ignore accusations which could scarcely injure him,
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 121
but in the interests of the Church he determined to repel
them. Taking up the subject in a discourse to his people,
he showed that while he had charged the queen with offences
of which she w^as notoriously guilty, he had not described
her as a reprobate, nor held that she might not repent ; he
had not prayed for her as the sovereign, for she had abdi-
cated, and her son w^as king.
What satisfied his friends w^as not likely to content those
who regarded his existence as a barrier to the restoration
both of the queen and of the Koman faith. In April 1571,
Kirkaldy having received the Hamiltons into the castle,
his life became in daily jeopardy. He received menac-
ing letters, and a musket-ball discharged at the window
of his sitting-room entered it opposite to the spot where he
usually sat, and penetrated the ceiling. By his friends his
house was watched nightly, while an armed guard accom-
panied him to and from church, as well as in his daily walks.
At length on the entreaty of his friends, he consented for a
time to quit the city. In the beginning of May he pro-
ceeded to St Andrews. There he lodged in the abbey, and
conducted service every Sunday in the parish church. One
of his hearers w^as James Melville, then a college student,
afterwards minister of Anstruther — and who in his " Diary "
has described his manner of preaching in these words :
" I heard him teatch the prophecie of Daniel that simmer
 and the wintar following. I had my pen and my
litle bulk, and tuk away sic things as I could comprehend.
In the opening up of his text, he was moderat, the space of
an halff houre ; but when he entered to application, he made
me so to grew [thrill] and tremble, that I could nocht hald a
pen to wryt. . . . He was verie weik. I saw him everie
122 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIKS OF JOHN KNOX.
day of his doctrine, go Imlie and fear [slowly and warily]
with a furring of martriks about his neck, a staffe in the
an hand, and gud godlie Eichart Ballanden, his servand,
halden up the uther oxtar [arm -pit] from the abbey to the
paroche kirk, and be the said Eichart and another servand
lifted upe to the pulpit, whar he behovit to lean at his first
entrie ; but or he haid done with his sermont, he was sa active
and vigorus, that he w^as like to ding the pulpit in blads
[pieces] and fly out of it." ^
At St Andrews, Knox was keenly opposed by members of
the queen's faction, of whom the more conspicuous were Eobert
and Archibald Hamilton, the former one of the ministers of
the city, the latter a professor in one of the colleges, and who
afterwards abjured Protestantism. Eumours originated by
these persons charging him with being concerned in Darnley's
murder, he openly repelled. On the capture of Dunbarton
Castle, at the instance of the regent, Archbishop Hamilton
was taken prisoner, and on the charge of being concerned
both in the murder of Darnley and of the late regent, was in
April 1571 executed at Stirling. The temporalities of the
archbishopric were granted to the Earl of Morton, who
nominated to the see John Douglas, Eector of the University.
Opposed alike to the spoliation of the ecclesiastical revenues
by the system of " tulchan ^ bishops " now introduced, as well
as to the episcopal order itself, Knox declined to inaugurate
Douglas in his office, and expressed his displeasure, in their
own hearing, both with the bishop and his patron.
The civil war carried on between the regent and the
* Melville's Diary, Ediub., Wodrow Society, 1842, 8vo, pp. 26-33.
' A tulchan is a calf's skin stuffed with straw, set up to induce the cow to
give her milk freely ; it was applied to those bishops who accepted ojfice, to
enable the lay impropriators to obtain the revenues of their sees.
GEXEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 123
adherents of the exiled queen terminated in July 1572,
when an arrangement between the parties was concluded.
Immediately thereafter, a deputation from his former flock
waited on the Eeformer at St Andrews, entreating him to
resume among them his pastoral labours. He consented,
and in the end of August 1572 returned to Edinburgh. On
the following Sunday he preached in St Giles's Church, but
his voice, now very feeble, was unheard by half the assem-
blage. At his request, that part of the edifice, known as
the Tolbooth, was fitted up for his use, but he chiefly con-
cerned himself in selecting one to succeed him in the
ministry. Under his sanction, Mr James Lumsden, sub-
Principal of King's College, Aberdeen, was chosen as his
colleague and successor ; at his induction on Sunday the 9th
November, the Reformer preached for the last time.
On Tuesday the 11th November he was seized with
asthma, which in two days was followed by severe prostra-
tion. About the 15th he rallied, and entertained at dinner
two of his more attached friends. On the 17th he called
to him his colleague, his friend Mr David Lindsay, minister
of Leith, and the elders and deacons of his flock. To these
he remarked that while he was accused of severity, his desire
in reproving was only to reclaim. He then exhorted each to
patient endurance and religious zeal. To Kirkaldy, who
on the queen's behalf still held the castle, he conveyed a
message of affectionate warning ; when informed that it
was received in an unkindly spirit, he earnestly expressed
Among those admitted to his sick-chamber was the Earl
of Morton, afterwards regent. He warned that ambitious
nobleman to cherisli the Eeformed Chmnjh, predicting that
124 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
should he act otherwise, he would close his career in shame.
In the extremity of his misfortunes, the earl made known
the Reformer's words.
On the 21st November he gave instructions that his
coffin should be prepared. To Johnston of Elphinston, who
visited him on Sunday the 23d, he said that he had
been meditating on the troubled state of the Church, and
that he had in prayer commended her to her Divine Head.
He added, " I have fought against spiritual wickedness in
high places, and have prevailed." Those of his people
who came to visit him he exhorted to "live in Christ."
On Monday the 24th his affectionate wife was relieved in
her watching by Eichard Bannatyne, his attached secretary ;
Campbell of Kinzeancleuch, Dr Preston, and others. At
three o'clock p.m. his sight began to fail, and he requested
his wife to read to him the fifteenth chapter of the first
epistle to the Corinthians, and thereafter the seventeenth
chapter of John's gospel, where he remarked he had " cast his
first anchor." Awaking from a deep slumber, in which he
moaned heavily, he spoke of being tempted to rely on his
own works, but that overcoming the tempter, he r.elied
only on the merits of his Saviour. At ten he joined heartily
in the evening devotions. About eleven he said, " The end
has come." He then became speechless. " Give us a sign
that it is peace," said one who stood near. The dying man
pointed upwards, and yielded up his spirit.
Thus died the most illustrious Scotsman of his age — a
Reformer, who, in intellectual force, may be ranked with
Luther, Calvin, and Zwingli. What he lacked by not being,
like many of his contemporaries, privileged to study at the
more learned universities, he compensated by prolonged study
GE^^EALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 125
at home ; and it must be remembered that nearly his whole
time prior to the age of forty was occupied in storing up
knowledge. The truth dawned upon him slowly, and even
after he had adopted the principles of the Eeformation he
greatly hesitated before he would accept the pastoral office.
A masterly logician, he could involve his opponents in the
web of their own subtleties, while his intimate acquaintance
with the Scriptures and with the Christian fathers rendered
him a formidable antagonist to all who disputed with him
concerning faith or morals. Of sterling integxity, he might
not by considerations of expediency be diverted from his pur-
pose, nor would he adopt half measures. To the Protestant
faith his uncompromising attachment is evidenced in the
English " Book of Common Prayer," as well as in the Scottish
" Confession." His manner of preaching, characterised by
forcible earnestness, was peculiarly adapted to a time when,
unless for the censures of the pulpit, the grossest criminality
might have walked forth unblushing and uncondemned. But
for the terror inspired by his denunciations, and his power
in arousing the populace, the tree of Eeformation had, by the
votaries of Eome on the one side, or an avaricious nobility on
the other, been torn up or crushed. He moulded the Scottish
nation in its religious opinions, and fostered its love of inde-
pendence. " In the history of Scotland," writes Mr Carlyle,
" I can find properly but one epoch ; we may say it contains
nothing of world-interest at all, but the Eeformation by
Among the Eeformer's contendings was his effort to secure
a proper provision for the ministry. In this he failed, chiefly
through the rapacity of the nobles. But he succeeded in
^ Carlyle's Lectures on Heroes and Hero- Worship, 1860, p. 293.
126 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
jjlanting a school in every parish, thereby providing for the
northern portion of the island a privilege not realised by the
southern and more important till three centuries afterwards.
By some Knox has been described as possessing an austere,
harsh, and unloving nature ; as one who, without toleration
and without sympathy, mercilessly exposed human frailties.
Such a description of him could only arise from an imper-
fect acquaintance with his character, and the circumstances
by which he was surrounded. Subject to constitutional
depression, he was occasionally morose, even sullen ; but he
heartily forgave injuries, was lenient to the erring, and
vehement only in censuring abuses pertinaciously persisted
in. Had he flourished in any other age or country, he would
have been celebrated for his amenity, for he indulged a
hearty humour, and loved the harmless jest. Irony in his
hand was crushing, but he indulged it only in exposure of un-
worthy artifices, and unseemly annoyances. His services to the
Church might have entitled him to a supreme authority, but
he never obtruded his sentiments, or claimed more than his
Presbyterian rank. With his brethren he maintained unin-
terrupted amity ; if he differed with any one, he cherished no
resentment, but on the first opportunity moved for recon-
ciliation. He was beloved by children, and a favourite in
female society. His correspondence with Mrs Bowes, also
with Mrs Lock, conducted amidst abounding anxieties, testify
to the gentleness of his heart.^
Surrounded by enemies, Knox was often misrepresented,
but he invariably dragged his accuser to the light, and before
the world proved the falsity of his charge. " What I have been
1 Knox's Works, Ediiik 1846-1864, vol. iii., pp. 336-402; vol. vi., pp.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIKS OF JOHN KNOX. 127
to my country," said he in his old age, " albeit this unthankful
age will not know, yet the ages to come will be compelled to
bear witness to the truth. And thus I cease, requiring of all
men that have anything to oppose against me that they may
do it so plainly, as that I may make myself and all my
doings manifest to the world. For to me it seemeth a thing
unreasonable, that in this my decrepit age, I shall be com-
pelled to fight against shadows and howlets. that dare not
abide the light." ^ Prematurely old, Knox was in his latter
years subject to various ailments ; his constitution never
rallied from his confinement in the galleys. His figure was
not commanding, for he was short of stature, but he possessed
a countenance in which the least observant might discover
courage and penetration. In his strong jaw and compressed
lips might be remarked that decision and pertinacity which
were his peculiar characteristics. He wore a long flowing
beard, which when it became grey, must have considerably
enhanced the gravity of his presence. Of his facial aspects our
knowledge is chiefly derived from Hondius's engraving of his
portrait in Verheiden's " Praestantium Aliquot Theologorum,"
published at the Hague in 1602. This engraving is evidently
taken from the likeness of which Beza, in his " Icones," pub-
lished at Geneva in 1580, has presented a woodcut. It was
sent to Beza by James VI., along with a likeness of himself.
The king's payment to Vaensoun or Fanson, a Scottish artist,
is entered in the Treasurer's accounts. The Reformer was
indeed deceased some years before its execution, but it is
certain that the artist must have seen a portrait of him,
probably in the possession of his family ; for Beza, who knew
1 Calderwood's History of the Kirk of Scotland, Wodrow edit., vol, iii.,
128 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
him personally, could not have been deceived.^ Hondius's
engraving is reproduced as a frontispiece to the present work.
The Eeformer's mortal remains were, amidst a vast
assemblage, conveyed from his house to St Giles's churchyard
on Wednesday, 26th November. The Earl of Morton, elected
regent on the day of the Reformer's death, stood by the
grave, and as the body was lowered into it expressed these
words of eloge :
"There, in the dust, lies one
Who never feared the face of man ;
Tho' threaten'd oft with dag and dagger,
He clos'd his life in peace and honour."
St Giles's churchyard was in the year 1633 discontinued as
a place of interment, and it has since been built upon, and
partly used as a paved street. In that portion of it known
as Parliament Close, a pavement stone inscribed with the
initials "J. K., 1572," is intended to denote the Reformer's
grave, but it is held on competent authority that the equestrian
statue of Charles II., a few yards to the eastward, occupies
the actual spot.^ It is to be regretted that among the monu-
ments of the illustrious which stud the northern capital no
statue or cenotaph has been reared to John Knox, to whom,
next to the patriots Wallace and Bruce, Scotsmen are indebted
for having inspired in them that love of liberty which has
become a characteristic of the race.
The Reformer's will, dated 13th May 1572, was con-
^ See a learned and exhaustive paper by the late Mr Drummond, R.S.A.,
on portraits of Knox and Buchanan in Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries
of Scotland, vol. xi., pp. 237-264. In this paper Mr Drummoud demonstrates
that the portrait in the Somerville Collection, believed by Mr Carlyle to repre-
sent the Scottish Reformer, is without the slightest claim to be considered
^ See Dr Daniel Wilson's Memorials of Edinburgh, vol. i., p. 84.
GE^^:ALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 129
firmed in the Commissary Court of Edinburgh on the loth
January following. Carefully transcribed from the "Commis-
sariat Eegister " for the present work, it is presented without
^ " The Testament Testamentare and Inventare of the guidis,
geir, sowmes of money, and dettis pertening to vm-
quhile Johnne Knox, minister of the evangell of Christ
Jesus, the tyme of his deceis, quha deceissit vpoun the
xxiiij day of November, The zeir of God J"' V'^ Lxxij
zeiris, ffaithfullie maid and gevin vp be him self vpoun
the xiij day of Maii, the zeir of God foirsaid, and
pairtlie be margaret Stewart, his relict, Quhome, with
Martha, margaret, and Elizabeth Knoxis, his dochteris,
he vpoun the xiij day of Maii, in his lattirwill vnder-
writtin, nominat his executouris testamentaris, as the
samin of the dait foirsaid beiris.
" In the first, the said vmquhile Johnne grantit him to half
had, the tyme foirsaid, Tua syluer drinking cowpis, merkit with
J. K. M. on the ane syde, and on the vther syde with E. B. N.,
contening xxv vnces or thairby ; tua salt fatts of syluer, of
xiiij vnce vecht and ane half; auchtene syluer spvnes, con-
tening XX \Tice wecht and a quarter — price of the vnce, xxvj^
viij^. Summa — ffoureskoir pundis. Off the quhilk syluer
work abonewrittin, the airschip is to be deducit and takin of.
Item, the said Margaret, ane of the sadis executouris, grantit
that the said vmquhile Johnne had, the tyme of his deceis
foirsaid, in pois ane hundretht pundis. Item, his buikis,
alswell vpoun the Scriptures as vthir prophane authouris,
wortht vj^^ and x". Item, in vtensile and domicile, the air-
schip being deducit, to the availl of xxx^\ Summa inventarii
— ij'^ Ixxxxvj^^ vj^ viij**.
" Ffollowis the dettis awing to the deid: Item, yair wes awing
to the said vmquhile Johnne, the tyme of his deceis foirsaid, be
^ Edinb. Com. Reg., Testaments, vol. ii.
130 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
Andro, Lord Stewart of Vchiltrie, his guid-fader, the sowme of
Ixxx^ of lent money. Item, be William Fiddes, baxter, x",
restand awand to the said vmquhile Johnne, of quheit quhilk
he ressaiiit to gif breid for. Item, be Agnes Weymis, relict of
vmquhile Andro Mernis, cietiner of St Androis, xix^^ xf i*^ j*'^
for the rest of beir quhilk scho ressauit fra the said vmquhile
Johnne to mak aill of. Item, be Margaret Spens, spous to
Mr Eobert Glen, xviij^' xv« iij<^, for beir quhilk scho ressauit
fra the said vmquhile to delyuer aill of. Item, restand awand
to the said vmquhile Johnne, the tyme foirsaid, for ane pairt
of his pensioun quhilk he had furth of the kirk of Hading-
toun, be the persones following, the victuales vnderwrittin of
the zeiris and cropes rex"® vnderspecifeit, viz., of the crope
and zeir of God i^ v*' Ixxj zeiris, be James Fiddes, for ane
pairt of his teyndis of the Nunland, liand in the parochin of
Hadingtoun, ane boll of quheit, ane boll ane firlote beir, vij
bollis aittis. Be Adame Ethingtoun in Quhitrig, ane boll of
quheit, sex bollis aittis. Price of the boll of quheit the said
zeir, P; price of the boll of beir the said zeir, twa merkis ; and
price of the boll of aittis the samin zeir, xx^ Summa — xix^^
xiij^ iiij^. Item, be the said James Fiddes, for his teyndis of
the saidis landis of Nunland, of the crope and zeir of God
jm yc Ixxij zeiris, ane boll of quheit, ane boll ane firlote beir,
sevin bollis aittis. Be James Oliphant and Robert Hepburne,
for thair teyndis of the landis of Stenestoun, liand within the
said parochin, the said zeir, sex bollis quheit, sex bollis beir,
and XX bollis aittis. Be the said Adame Ethingtoun in
Quhitrig, for his teyndis of the saidis landis, the said zeir,
ane boll of quheit, ane boll of beir, and sex bollis aittis.
Be Johnne Gulanis wyfe in Aulderstoun, for hir teyndis
thairof, of the zeir foirsaid, twa bollis quheit, twa bollis
beir, and viij bollis aittis. Price of the boll of quheit the
said zeir, P; price of the boll beir the said zeir, twa merkis ;
and price of the boll aittis the same zeir, xx^ Summa —
Ixxix^' xiij" iiij^. Item, restand awand to the said vmquhile
Johnne, the tyme of his deceis foirsaid, be the persones
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 131
following, the sowmes of money and victuale vnderwrittin,
as for ane pairt of his stipend assignit to him for seruing in
the ministrie, of the said crope and zeir of God i™ y'' Ixxj
zeiris. In the first, be Margaret Haldane, Lady Colingtoun,
for the lambes term in the said zeir, xxxiij^^ vj^ viij^- Be Mr
Eobert Whynrahame, coUectour of Fyfe, xxxij^^ xvij^ for the
said vmquhile Johnis victuale of the said pensioun sauld be
him the said zeir. Be Eobert Bennet, thrie firlettis quheit,
price of the boll, P. Summa — xlvij^ vj^. Item, restand awand
to the said vmquhile Johnne the victuale vnderspecifeit, as
for ane pairt of his said stipend, the crop and zeir of God
[m yc ixxij zeiris. In the first, be Williame Merchingstoun in
Inueresk, thre boUis twa firlottis twa pectis quheit. Be Wil-
liame Vernour thair, tua bollis tua firlottis two pectis quheit.
Be George Forman thair, thre bollis tw^a firlottis twa pectis
quheit. Be Eobert Dowglas thair, thre bollis tw^a firlottis
twa pectis quheit. Be Johnne Craunstoun in Moncktounhall,
thre bollis thre firlottis quheit. Be Johnne Kers thair, thre
bollis ane firlot twa pectis quheit. Be Thomas Thomsone
thair, twa bolls twa firlottis tw^a pectis quheit. Be Adame
Wricht, twa bollis ane firlot quheit. Be Williame Johnestoun,
foure bollis ane firlot quheit. Be Dauid Hill in Inuersk,
ane boll thre firlotts three pectis quheit, extenden to tua
chalder quheit. Price of the boll of quheit the said zeir, P.
Summa — Ixxx^^ Be Helen e Cowtis, relict of vmquhile
Eichard Prestoun of Quhithill, ane chalder beir. Be Jonet
Betoun in Litill IVIonktoun, elle\dn bollis beir. Be Williame
Wauchope of Nudry Merschell, for the teyndis of the landis
of Calcoittis, thre bollis beir. Be Johnne Hill of that ilk,
twa bollis beir. Be the tennentis of the parochin of Kyng-
lassie, four chalderis beir as followis : Be Johnne Boswall in
Gaitmylk, ane chalder beir ; William Swyne thair, viij bollis
beir; George Tod in Kynninmouth, ane chalder beir; Helene
Mertyne in Kyngiassie, and William Boswall, hir sone, tuelf
bollis beir; William Boswall in Stintoun, xij bollis beir —
extenden in the haill to sex chalderis beir, price of the boll
132 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
ourheid, tua merkis ; summa — ane hundretht tuentie aucht
pundis. Be the tennentis of the parochin of Newbiruschyre,
in Fyffe, foure chalderis aittis as followis, viz.: Williame
Dischingtoim in Rauveldry, fourtene bollis aittis ; Thome
Alchenoiir thair, xiiij bollis beir; Johnne Zoimg, in the
Coitts, sex bollis aitts. Be Dauid Sympsoun thair, sex bollis
aittis ; and be Andro thair, sex bollis aittis. Be
Dauid Johnestoun in Moutturpie, aucht bollis aittis. Be
Sympsoun, foure bollis aittis. Price of the boll
ourheid, xx^; summa — lxiiij'\ Item, resting awand to the
said vmquhile Johnne the sowmes vnderspecifeit, as for ane
pairt of the syluer of his said stipend of the said zeir of God
jm yc Ixxij zeiris. In the first, be James Rig of Carberry,
for the half teynd of Cousland, xxxiij^' Yj^ viij*^. Be
Lady Edmestoun, spous to Andro Ker of Hirsell, knycht,
for the vther half of the teyndis of the landis foirsaidis,
xxxiij'^ vj^ viij*^. Be the said Margaret Haldane, Lady
Colingtoun, for the teynd of Haillis, Ixvj^^ xiij^ iiij<*. Be Robert
Bennet, xxxiiij^^ vj^ viij^. Be Mr James Macgill of Ran-
kelour Nethir, for his males of the landis of Pinkie, for the
termes of Witsonday and Mertymes, in the said zeir of God
jm yc ixxij zeiris, Ij" vj^ viij^, and als resting be him of the
males of the landis foirsaidis of the zeir of God i™ v° Ixx
zeiris, xlv^ viij'^. Be the executouris of vmquhile Gilbert
Edmestoun, for the male?: of the landis of Wowmet, of the
terme of Mertymes the said zeir of God i"* v*' Ixxij zeiris,
xxij^* viij^. Be Jonet Betoun, for the males of Litill Monk-
toun, nyne pundis. Be the said Lady Edmestoun
and Archibald Prestoun of Wallefeild, for the males of
Netoun, xiiij ^* xj' vj<*. Be James Rig of Carberry, for the
maill thairof, xx^\ Item, be of Nudry, for the
males of Calcottes, thre pundis. Be Robert Dowglas in
Inuersk, for his males, iij"'' xix^ iiij^. Be William Merchins-
toun thair, for his few maill, xxvijs x^.
" Summa of the dettis abonewrittin awing to the ded — viij*^
xxx'' xix" vj**.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 13
" Na dettis awing be the deicl.
" Summa of the inventare, with the detts awing to the deid
— j"^ j*^ xxvj^ xix^ vj'^ To be diuidit in thre pairtis. The
deidis pairt thairof extends to iij*^ Ixxv^^ xiij^ ij^.
" Ffollowis the lattirwill and legacie : Lord Jesus, I com-
mend my trublit spreit in Thy protectioun and defence,
and Thy trublit Kirk to Thy mercie. Becaus I haif had
to do with dyuers personages of the ministrie, quh air unto
God of His mercie erectit me within this reahne, my dewetie
cravis that I sail leve vnto thaim now ane testimony of my
mynd. And first, vnto the Papistis and to the vnthankfull
warld I say, that althocht my lyfe lies bene vnto thaim
odious, and that oftintymes thai haif socht my destructioun
and the destructioun of the Kirk, quhilk God of His mercie
lies plantit within this realme, and hes alwayis preservit and
kepit the samin fra tliair crewale interprysis, zit to thaim I
am compellit to say that onles thai spedele repent, my de-
pairting of this lyfe salbe to thaim the gretest calamitie
that euir zit hes apprehendit thaim. Sum small apperance
thai mai zit haif in my lyfe gif thai haif grace to se. Ane deid
man haif I bene almaist thir twa zeiris last bipast, and zit I
wald that thai suld rypelie considder in quhat bettir estait
thai and thair materis standis in than it hes done befoir,
and thai haif hard of lang tyme befoir threatnit ; bot becaus
thai will not admit me for ane admoniser, I gif thaim ouir to
the jugement of Him quha knawis the hartis of all, and will
disclose the secretis thairof in dew tyme ; and this far to the
Papistis. To the faithfall, God, befoir His Sone Jesus Christ,
and befoir His halie angellis, I protest that God be my mouth,
be I newir so abiect, hes schawin to zow His trewth in all
simplicitie. Nane I haif corrupted, nane I haif defraudit ;
merchandice haif I not maid, to Godis glorie I write, of the
glorious evangell of Jesus Christ, bot according to the mesour
of the grace graunted vnto me I haif dividit the sermont of
trewth t in just pairtis, beatin doun the pryde of the proude
in all that did declair thair rebellioun aganis God, according
134 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
as God in His law gevis to me zit testimonie ; and raising vp
the consciences trublit with the knawlesje of their awin
sinnes, be the declairing of Jesus Christ, the strenth of
His death, and the michtie operatioun of His resurrectioun
in the hartis of the faithfull. Off this I say I haif ane
testimony this day in my conscience befoir God howthat-
evir the warld rage. Be constant, thairfoir, in doctrine that
anis publictlie ye haif professit. Lat not sclandrous dayis
draw zow away fra Jesus Christ, nathir lat the prosperitie of
the wickit move zow to follow it nor thame; ffor howsoeuir it
be that God appeiris to neglect His awin for ane seasoun,
zit He remains ane just Juge, quha nathir can nor wiU
justefie the wickit. I am not ignorant that mony wald that
I suld entir in particulare determinatioune of thir present
trubles, to quhome I planelie and simplie answer, that as I
neuir excedit the boundis of God's Scriptures, sua will I not
do in this pairt by Godis grace. Bot heirof I am assurit be
Him quha nathir can dissave nor be dissavit, that the castell
of Edinburght, in the quhilk all the murthour, all the truble,
and the haill distructioun of this puir comraounweill, wes
inventit, and, as our awin eis may witnes, by thaim and by
thair mantenaris wes put in executioun, sail cum to destruc-
tioun, mantene it quha salist. The destructioun, I say, of
body and saule, except thai repent. I luik not to the momen-
tary prosperitie of the wicked, ze, not althocht thai suld
remane conquerouris to the cuming of our I^rd Jesus, bot I
luik to this sentence, that quhasaeuir scheddis innocent bluid
defyles the land and provockis Godis wraith aganis himself
and the land, vntill his bluid be sched agane be ordour of
law to satisfie Godis anger. Tliis is not the first tyme that
ze haif hard this sentence ; althocht that mony at all tymes
sturrit at sik severitie, I zit afferme the same, being reddy to
entir to gif compt befoir His maiestie of ye stewartschip He
committit vnto me. I knaw in my death the rumouris salbe
strange, bot be ze not trublit abone mesour, belouit in the
Lord Jesus. Bot zit agane I say, remane constant in the
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 135
trewtlit, and He qiiha of His mercie sent me, conductit me,
and prosperit the work in my hand aganis Sathan, Avill pro-
vide for zow abimdantlie quhen that ather my bluid sail wattir
the doctrine taiicht be me, or He of His mercie vtherwayis
provide to put ane end to this my battel! My executouris I
mak, constitute, and ordane Margaret Stewart, my spous,
Martha, Margaret, and Elizabeth Knoxis, my dochteris, and
the faithfuU to be oursmen. To my twa sones, Nathanaell
and Eleazare Knoxis, I vnfenedlie leif that same benedic-
tioun that thair darrest moder, Mariorie Bows, left vnto thaim —
to wit, that God, for His Sone Christ Jesus' saik, wald of His
mercie mak thaim His trew feireris, and als vpricht worschip-
peris of Him as ony that euir sprang out of Abrahame's
loynes, quhairto now as than, I fra my trublit hart say amen.
Ffarther, I half delyuerit be Maister Eandulphe to Mr Eobert
Bows, shereff of the bischoprik, and bruder to the said
Mariorie, my vmquhile darrest spous, the sowme of fyve
hundreth pundis of Scottis money, to the vtilitie and proffett
of my sadis tua sones. The quhilk money is that pairt of
substance that fell or pertenit to thaim be the deceis of
Mariorie Bows, thair moder, of blissit memory, and augmentit
be me as I mycht or may spair to mak out the said sowme,
for I ressauit of thairis bot ane hundreth merkis Stirling,
quhilk I of my povirtie extendit to fyve hundretht pundis
Scottis, and that in contentatioun of thair bairnis pairt of
geir quhilkis may fall to thaim be my deceis. Item, I leif
to my saidis twa sones tua syluer drinking cowpis. The ane
of thaim is merkit with J. K. M. on the ane syde, and on the
other syde with E. B. X. ; and in lyke maner the vther, with
the same merk and letres — the wecht of the saidis tua cuipis
contenand xxij vnce or thairby. Tua saltfattis of syluer,
and xviij syluer spvnes, weyand xxxiiij z. and ane quarter
vnces — price of the vnce ourheid, xxvj^ viij'^. The quhilkis
cuipis, saltfattis, and spvnes I leif in keping to the said
Margaret, my spous, quhill my saidis sones be of the aige of
xxj zeiris, at the quhilk tyme I ordane and commandis hir
136 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
to delyuer the samin to my saidis sones, or to ony ane of
thaim, gif be deceis the vther faillis. Item, I leif also to my
saidis sones ane pairt of my saidis buikis, of the availl of
xxx^>. And failzeing of my sadis sones and thair airis, I ordane
the foirsadis fyve hundretht pundis, with the syluer ciiipis,
spvnes, saltfattis, and buikis, to return agane as eftir follows,
that is to say, the ane equale half thairof to the said Margaret,
my spous, and my sadis thre dochteris, and the vther half of
the samin to my bruder Williame Knox, and his airis quhat-
sumeuir. Item, I leif to my said spous, Margaret Stewart, the
aucht hundretht merkis quhilkis ar laid vpoun the landis of
Pennymoir, quhairin scho is infeft be Andro, Lord Stewart of
Vchiltrie, my fader-of-law; and failzeing of the said Margaret,
I leif the samin to my sadis thre dochteris ; and failzeing of
thaim, I leif the samin to the said Andro, Lord Stewart of
Vchiltrie, and his airis quhatsumeuir, chargeing and requyring
my said fader-of-law and his airis, as thai will answer befoir
that incorruptible Juge, the Lord Jesus, that thai suffer not
my sad spous and children to be defraudit or evill payit of
the males and annual rent of the saidis landis during the
non-redemptioun of the samin. Item, I leif to Paule Knox,
my bruder sone, ane hundretht pundis, quhilk lyis in
wodset vpoun Eobert Campbellis landis in Kynzeancleucht,
and quhairin the said Paule is ellis infeft, and that to be ane
help to hald him at the senilis. And as concerning the rest
of my haill guidis quhatsumeuir, I leif to be dividit betuix
my sad spous and my sadis thre dochteris ; and becaus my
said spous man tak the cair of my sadis dochteris, and faith-
fullie travell for thair guid nurishment and vpbringing, thair-
foir I leif my said spous the vse of thair geir, quhill thai be
mareit or cum to perfite age, at quhilk tyme I ordane thaim
euery ane, as the tyme approches, to haif thair awin that to
thaim apperteins. Sic subscribitur, Johne Knox; Johne Adame-
soun, witnes; Eo*Watsoun,witnes; Johne Johnestoun, witnes.
" Qtwtta gratis. — The quote of this testament is gevin gratis
at speceale command of my lordis commissaris :
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 137
"We, M"« Eobert Maitland, &c., Commissaris of Ed^
speciallie constitiit for confirmatioim of testamentis, be the
tennour heirof, ratefeis, approuis, and coufermis this present
testament or inuentar, insafar as the samin is deulie and
lauchfullie maid, of the gudis and geir abonespecifeit alanerlie,
and gevis and committis the intromissioun with the samin to
the saidis Margaret Stewart, relict of the said vmquhile Johne
Knox, Martha, Margaret, and Elizabeth Knoxis, his dochteris,
his executeris testamentaris nominat be him conforme to
the lattirwill abonewrittin ; reseruand compt to be maid be
thame thairof, as accordis of tlie law. And the said Margaret
Stewart, ane of the saidis executeris, being sworn e, hes maid
faith trenlie to exerce the said office, and hes fundin cautioun
that the gudis and geir abonespecifeit salbe fartht cumand
to all pairteis havand interest, as law will, as ane act maid
A grant of £40 was made by the General Assembly of
March 1572-3 to Eichard Bannatyne, to enable him to put
in order Knox's " History of the Church," completed to the
year 1564; also to arrange the materials for its continua-
tion, which the Eeformer had collected up to the period of his
As has been related, Knox w^as twice married. By his first
wife, Marjory Bowes, he had two sons, Nathaniel and Eleazer.
Nathaniel, the elder son, was born at Geneva in May 1557,
and baptized on the 23d of that month— William Whitting-
ham, subsequently Dean of Durham, being his godfather.
On his father's second marriage in March 1563-4, Nathaniel
and his brother Eleazer were taken charge of by their
mother's relatives. For their behoof, as appears by his will,
the Eeformer had granted them their mother's patrimony of
100 merks sterling, with such an addition from his own
funds as to make up a sum of £500 Scottish money.
138 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
The Bowes family continued to regard the Reformer with
unfriendly feelings. Just eight days after his death his sons
were, on the 2d December 1572, matriculated of the Univer-
sity of Cambridge. Nathaniel was B.A. 1576-7, and was
admitted a Fellow of St John's College on the Lady
Margaret's foundation, 1577. In the registers of St John's
College are the following entries :
"Ego, Nathanael Knox, Richmond, admissus sum in dis-
cipulum pro D[omina] fund[atrice], 6 Novembris ."
"Ego, Nathanael Knox Richmondiensis, admissus sum
Socius pro Domina fundatrice , Nathanael Knox."
In his " Athense Cantabrigienses," Mr Cooper supposes that
Nathaniel was that " Mr Knox " who personated " Hastingus,
miles calligatus," in Dr Legge's play of " Richardus Tertius,"
acted in St John's College in 1579. An inceptive M.A., he
died of a tertian ague, after an illness of fourteen days. He
was buried at Cambridge on the 28th May 1580.^
Eleazer Knox, the Reformer's younger son, was born at
Geneva, and there baptized on the 29th November 1558,
Miles Coverdale, formerly Bishop of Exeter, being witness or
godfather. Having matriculated of Cambridge in 1572, his
tenor of college life is in the registers of St John's College
indicated thus :
" Ego, Eleazer Knox, Richmondiensis, admissus sum dis-
cipulus pro Domina Fundatrice [12 Nov. 1575]."
" Ego, Eleazer Knox Richmondiensis, admissus sum in
Socium pro Doctore Keyton [a bye-founder], 22 Mar. A.D.
"Eleazer Knox, electus prselector, 1 Aprilis 1580."
"Eleazer Knox, electus sublector, 5 Julij 1582."
1 Knox's Works, voL vi. , preface by Dr David Laing, pp. Ixii.-Ixiv.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 139
"Eleazer Knox, examinator Ehetoricse lectionis, 5 Julij
" Eleazer Knox, electus concionator in festo Sancti Michaelis
[29 Sept.] 1587."
" Ego, Eleazer Knox admissus Ju[nior] Decanus, 14 Decem-
Eleazer Knox was, on the 17th May 1587, collated to the
vicarage of Clacton Magna, in the archdeaconry of Col-
chester. According to marginal notes on the register, he
died on the 23d May 1591, and was buried in the chapel of
St John's Colle^e.i
Both Nathaniel and Eleazer Knox died unmarried.
John Knox, as has been related, married, secondly, Mar-
garet Stewart, in March 1563-4. Married at sixteen, Mrs
Knox became a widow at the age of twenty-four. By the
General Assembly of March 1572-3, she was, at the sug-
gestion of the Eegent Morton, allowed for the year succeed-
ing his death the Eeformer's "pension" of 500 merks. In
1574 she married Andrew Ker of Faldonsyde,^ Eoxburgh-
shire. A zealous promoter of the Eeformation, Ker joined
his cousin. Lord Euthven, in the conspiracy against Eiccio.
By a charter of alienation, confirmed 8th April 1574, and
renewed 21st March 1585-6, he granted as a provision to
his wife, Margaret Stewart, in her widowhood, the liferent
of a third of lands in Haddingtonshire, which he had
inherited from his mother, Margaret Halyburton, one of the
co-heiresses of the sixth Lord Halyburton of Dirleton.
By the death of Andrew Ker on the 19th December 1599,
^ Knox's Works, vol. vi., preface by Dr David Laing, pp. Ixiv., Ixv.
2 The estate of Faldonsyde is pleasantly situated on the right bank of the
Tweed, immediately to the westAvard of Abbotsford. Sir Walter Scott
dreamed of adding it to Abbotsford (Lockhart's Life of Scott, passim).
140 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
Margaret Stewart became a widow for the second time.
She died about the year 1612. One of the children of her
second marriage, Mr John Ker, minister of Salt Preston
(now Prestonpans), attained eminence in the Church. One
of his sons, Mr Andrew Ker, succeeded Sir Archibald John-
ston of Warriston as clerk of the General Assembly. He
was appointed one of the English Judges by Cromwell, but
was deprived. He died in 1672.^
Martha Knox, eldest daughter of John Knox by his
second wife, Margaret Stewart, was born about the close of
the year 1565. In May 1584 she became the third wife of
Alexander Fairlie, eldest son of Eobert Fairlie of Braid,
Edinburgh, an attached friend of the Eeformer. By her
marriage-contract, dated 7th April 1584, her stepfather,
Andrew Ker, assigned her as dowry 1000 merks, to be in-
vested by her husband for the benefit of their children.
She died 1st December 1592, about the age of twenty-
seven. As appears by her will, she left three sons, John,
William, and Nathaniel ; also a daughter, Elspet. John and
William graduated at the University of Edinburgh on the
25th July 1607. Their line is believed to be extinct.
By various writers, a tradition has been referred to, in
Avhich Mr James Fleming, minister of Bathans, is described
as husband of Martha Knox, the Eeformer's eldest daughter.
This is certainly groundless. The tradition, it is possible,
may have derived its origin from a matrimonial union sub-
sisting between Mr Fleming and Elspet Fairlie, the Ee-
former's granddaughter. Her personal history is very
imperfectly known ; while it appears that Mr Fleming, who
was admitted minister of Bathans or Yester in 1625, gradu-
1 Laing's preface to Knox's Works, vi., p. Ixviii.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 141
ated at the University of Edinburgh fifteen years previously.
He died in 1653 at the age of about sixty-three, leaving a
widow, Jean Livingstone. But he had contracted, it is said,
a former marriage, and his first wife may have been Elspet
Fairlie. There was born of Mr Fleming's first marriage, a
daughter, Janet. This daughter married, in 1640, Mr James
Forbes, minister of Abercorn, by whom she had two daughters,
Janet and Catherine; she died in April 1671.^
Margaret Knox, the Eeformer's second daughter, was born
about the year 1567. Before the 13th ^N'ovember 1599, she
married Zachary Pont, eldest son of Ptobert Pont, minister
of St Cuthbert's, and a Lord of Session.^ Zachary Pont and
his brother Timothy, the distinguished topographer, matri-
culated as students of St Leonard's College, St Andrews, in
1579, and there gTaduated about 1583. Zachary Pont was,
on the 28th October 1590, appointed " chief printer within
the realm." Portioner of Shyrismylne, an estate in the lord-
ship of Culross, and county of Perth, he, on the 8th April
1596, obtained from his brother-in-law, Mr John Welsh,
the loan of 1000 merks on a redeemable bond, engaging to
pay annually to Mr Welsh the sum of 100 merks. Owing
to embarrassed circumstances, Mr Pont failed to make the
annual payment, and Mr Welsh in 1601 registered the
bond, in order to realise his loan.^ In the same year Pont
accepted the ministerial charge of the united parishes of
Bower and Watten, in the county of Caithness. He was
appointed Archdeacon of Caithness in 1608. He resigned
his cure in 1610, and died prior to the 29th January 1619.
1 Fasti EccL Scot., i. 164, 363. ^ Ibid., iii. 356.
3 Life of John Welsh, minister of Ayr, by the Rev. James Young, Edinb.
1866, 8vo, pp. 55-111.
142 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
A family tradition referred to by Dr M'Crie asserts that
a daughter of John Knox married "a Mr Baillie of the
Jerviswood family," while, in its supposed verification, a
watch, in possession of one of Mr Baillie's descendants, is
described as being received by the Reformer from Queen
Mary on an occasion when she sought to incline him to her
measures.^ The confirmatory evidence will not avail, since
the firs^ watches used in England were imported from Ger-
many in 1577, and there is no reason to believe that they
were known in Scotland during the Eeformer's lifetime. If
Mrs Margaret Pont or Knox accepted in her widowhood the
hand of a member of the house of Baillie, it is withal impro-
bable, considering her advanced age, that she thereafter added
to the number of the Eeformer's descendants.
By his wife, Margaret Knox, Zachary Pont had two sons,
Robert and Samuel. Mr Pont, minister of Ramelton, in
Ireland, was probably one of his descendants.^ The line is
Elizabeth, third and youngest daughter of John Knox,
was born about the year 1570. She married, in 1594, Mr
John Welsh, whose ministerial career is intimately asso-
ciated with the history of his period.
The family of Welsh, the name being variously spelt
Walsh, Welsche, and Velshe, possessed lands in the county
of Dumfries. Nicolas Welsh was Abbot of Tongland in 1488.
Dean Robert Welsh, vicar of Tynron, and John Welsh, vicar
of Dunscore, embraced the Protestant doctrines in 1560,
and held ofhces in the Reformed Church. John Welsh,
proprietor of CoUiston, and of other lands in the parishes of
1 M'Crie's Life of John Knox, Edinb, 1818, vol. ii., p. 449.
^ Fasti Eccl. Scot., iii. 356.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 143
Dunscore and Holywood, espoused Marion Greir, of a family
of that name, whicli owned the lands of Barjarg, Dalgonar,
and Castlemadie, in the county of Dumfries.
By his wife, IMarion Greir, John Welsh was father of three
sons and two daughters. Margaret, the elder daughter,
married Hector Maxwell of Fourmerkland. Marion, younger
daughter, died unmarried. David, the eldest son, succeeded
his father in the lands of Colliston and others. He was
living in 1619. Cuthbert, third and youngest son, suc-
ceeded to the lands of Burnfitt and others, in the parish of
Holywood, which had belonged to his paternal uncle, Cuth-
bert Welsh. Dying before the 24th June 1629, he was suc-
ceeded by his son, John, who at the same time was served
heir to his brother Thomas, in certain lands within the
barony of Holywood.^
John Welsh, second son of John Welsh and Marion Greir,
was born at Colliston about the year 1568. According to
Kirkton, he, when a schoolboy, attached himself to a party
of gipsies, but after a time returned to his father's house
subdued and repentant. Having studied at the grammar
school of Dumfries, he entered the University of Edinburgh,
where, in August 1588, he graduated as Master of Arts.^
Though considerably under the age then prescribed for
admission to a parochial charge, he was, in 1589, ordained
minister at Selkirk, his charge comprehending the parishes
of St Marie Kirk, New Kirk of Ettrick, Eankilburn, and
Ashkirk. By the Privy Council he was, on the 6th March
1590, nominated one of three " for maintaining and preserving
the true religion in the Forest and Tweeddale." ^ On the
1 Young's Life of Welsh, pp. 9-12. 2 jj^-^^^ pp^ i2-28.
3 Fasti Ecd. Scot., i. 539.
144 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
11th March 1594, he was translated to Kirkcudbright, where
he had diarge of the adjoining parishes of Dunrod, Galtway,
and Kirkcornock. He was, in March 1596, appointed one of
the visitors for Nithsdale, Annandale, Lauderdale, Eskdale,
and Ewesdale. In December of the same year, he, on the
appointment of his brethren, preached in the High Church of
Edinburgh. Having in his discourse censured the ecclesias-
tical policy of the king and his advisers, he was summoned
before the Privy Council, and had to secure his safety by
flight. After a period of six months, he was allowed to
resume his pastoral duties. In August 1600 he became
colleague to John Porterfield, minister of Ayr. Consequent
on so many persons flocking to his ministry, the town council
of Ayr resolved in March 1603 to erect a new parish church,
and on the death of his colleague in 1604, his stipend was
augmented from 300 to 400 merks. Having attended the
General Assembly held at Aberdeen in July 1605, in opposi-
tion to the royal will, he was again summoned before the
Privy Council, and, along with Mr John Forbes, minister of
Alford, who had acted as moderator, was imprisoned in
Blackness Castle. Brought before the Council in October
with four others, he and his brethren denied the right of the
Court to adjudicate in spiritual concerns. They were con-
sequently sent back to prison, and in January 1606 were
tried before the Justiciary Court at Linlithgow on the charge
of treason. By a majority of nine to six the jury found them
guilty of declining the jurisdiction of the Privy Council.
Sentence being deferred, the prisoners were returned to
Blackness Castle. Subsequently Welsh and Forbes were
removed to the castle of Edinburgh. In October the king
signified his will that the offending ministers should be sent
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 145
into exile. They were accordingly, on the 7th November,
placed in a vessel at Leith, bound for the coast of France.
Mr Welsh landed at Bordeaux, and at once applied himself
to the study of the French language. He mastered it in
about fourteen weeks, and thereafter proceeded to act as a
Protestant pastor. He successively ministered at Nerac,
Jonzac, and St Jean d'Angely. For several years after his
banishment the town council of Ayr granted him the usual
stipend, and in their records he is described as " the town's
minister " and " thair weil-belovit pastor." While he minis-
tered at St Jean d'Angely in 1620, the town was besieged by
Louis XIII., and a treaty arranged. By the law of France,
the religion of the sovereign was alone tolerated at the
place where he was for the time resident. When the king
remained in the town Mr Welsh conducted his usual services,
and was consequently summoned to the royal presence.
Asked by the king why he had ventured to disobey the law,
he made answer : " If your majesty knew what I preach, you
would command others, and come yourself to hear it; I
preach salvation by Jesus Christ ; and your conscience tells
you that your own works do not merit salvation. I preach
there is none in rank above your majesty; do those who
adhere to the Pope say this ? " Pleased with the reply, the
king said : " Father AVelsh, you shall be my minister." He
then commanded that Welsh should be protected, and when,
in the following year the town was forcibly taken, guards
were placed at his house, and he was borne in safety to
Wearied of dwelling among strangers, Mr Welsh learned
with interest that a Scottish colony, to be named New
Scotland, was about to be planted in North America. With
146 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
the view of joining his countrymen in forming the proposed
colony, he, in 1622, proceeded to London. Being in feeble
health, his physicians recommended that he should return to
Scotland. Banished from thence at the king's command, he
might not return without the royal sanction, so his wife
sought an interview with the king. Though not ignorant of
her descent, James asked her whose daughter she was.
"My father was John Knox," she replied. "Knox and
Welsh," exclaimed the king — '• the devil ne'er made sic a
match as that." " May be," responded Mrs Welsh, " for we
never speired [asked] his leave." Mrs Welsh now entreated
the king that her husband might, in his sickness, be allowed
to re- visit his native country. " He shall," said the king, " if
he submit himself to the bishops." " Sooner than he should
do so," said Mrs Welsh, extending her apron, " I would kep
his head there." She then withdrew from the royal presence.
Mr Welsh died at London on the 2d April 1622, at the
age of fifty-three. His remains were consigned to the church-
yard of St Bodolph, Bishopgate, in a portion of ground pro-
vided by a lord mayor for the interment of strangers.^
Like other Scottish Eeformers, Mr Welsh was firm in
upholding his conscientious opinions. He was otherwise of
a gentle disposition; and he preached with a persuasive
tenderness. By his flock he was greatly beloved. Thirty
persons from Ayr visited him in France, to condole with him
in his exile; and after his death his widow was tenderly
cared for at Ayr by those who had profited by his ministry.
Mrs Welsh died at Ayr in January 1625. In her will, which
is dated 8th January 1625, she bequeathed to the poor and
the hospital of Ayr £40. The residue of her goods (valued
* Young's Life of Welsh, j)as5im.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN ICNOX. 147
at £4320 Scots) she bequeathed for division among her sons,
Josias and Nathaniel, and her daughter Louise.^
Of the marriage of Mr John AVelsh and Elizabeth Knox
were born threesons and two daughters. The elder daughter
died, in September 1614, at Jonsac, in France. Louise, the
younger daughter, was born in Jonsac in May 1613 ; she
was alive in 1625, and though her subsequent history is not
certainly known, it is not improbable that she married and
settled in Fifeshire, becoming the mother of that "young
gentlewoman " described as a cousin of Mr John Welsh, the
deprived minister of Irongray, in the Blackader MS.^ Of
the three sons, William, the eldest, was a doctor of medicine ;
he was in Ayr subsequent to his mother's death, and obtained
service as her nearest heir. Practising as a physician in the
Netherlands, he was there accidentally killed. Margaret, his
only child, died previous to the 6th August 1633, when her
uncle, Josias Welsh, was served as her heir-at-law.^
Nathaniel, third son of Mr John Welsh, was a minor at
the time of his mother's death. Shortly after that event he
was sent to the grammar school of Aberdeen, where he was
boarded with Mr David Wedderburn, master of that semi-
nary. For his board, the town council of Aberdeen, by
minute dated 25th April 1622, agreed to pay Mr Wedder-
burn "four score pounds" quarterly, during "the space of
four years." This sum, it is stated, was derived from a
capital of 2000 merks wdiich Mr Patrick Copland had, by a
letter dated at London on the 12tli March preceding, offered
to send "to the use of the college."* Nathaniel Welsh died
1 Yoiing's Life of Welsh, p. 411. " ^ee postea.
^ Tnquisitiones de Tutela, 500.
■* Extracts from the Council Registers of the Burgh of Aberdeen, printed
for the Spalding Club, ii. 375, 376.
148 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
young. He was shipwrecked, but saved his life by swimming
to a desert rock, where he perished from lack of food. His
body was afterwards found ; it was in the posture of prayer.^
Josias Welsh, second son of Mr John Welsh and Elizabeth
Knox, was educated at Geneva, and in 1617 was sent from
France to Glasgow, there to complete his studies under the
care of his father's friend, Eobert Boyd of Trochrig, principal
of that college. His superiority as a classical scholar led to
his being appointed Professor of Humanity in the University;
but being ardent in upholding the Presbyterian policy, he
became obnoxious to the episcopal party, and so was com-
pelled to relinquish his office. On the recommendation of
Mr Eobert Blair, then a regent of Glasgow College, he pro-
ceeded to the north of Ireland, where a colony from the west
of Scotland had been lately planted. Eesiding with Mr
Shaw, a gentleman from Ayrshire, who had probably known
his father, he preached in his neighbourhood, on the opposite
side of the Six-Mile Water. For a time he officiated at Old-
stone, and having been ordained by Andrew Knox, Bishop of
Eaplioe, who is said to have regarded him as a relative, he
was, in 1626, settled at Templepatrick, county Antrim, as
chaplain to Captain Norton. Here he laboured with much
zeal and acceptance. According to Wodrow he was popu-
larly styled the " Cock of the Conscience," from the earnest
and searching nature of his ministrations. His Communion
services excited a deep interest over a wide tract of country.
With three other ministers he was, in 1634, suspended by
Henry Leslie, Bishop of Down. The suspension was after-
wards withdrawn, but lie and his brethren were finally deposed
by Bishop Echlin. He now preached in his own house,
^ Kirktoii in Select Biographies, i. 9.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 149
addressing a numerous body of persons wlio assembled in his
garden. Tlirough tlie exposure he contracted a severe illness,
which proved fatal. During his last hours he was attended
by his brethren, Mr Eobert Blair and Mr John Livingstone.
He died on the 23d June 1634. Among his last words were
these, expressed rapturously, ''Victory, victory for evermore."^
Within an enclosure in Templepatrick churchyard a plain
tombstone marks his grave ; it presents the simple legend :
" Here lyeth the Body of the Eeverend Mr Josias Welch,
minister of Templepatrick, who died Anno Dom. 1634."^
Josias Welsh, minister of Templepatrick, married subsequent
to his settlement in Ireland, but his wife's name and the date
of his marriage have not transpired. As his wife is not men-
tioned at the time of his death, it is probable she predeceased
him. Appended to a declaration for settling the Province
of Ulster, dated Carrickfergus, 23d May 1653, are the names
of 260 persons, in the counties of Down and Antrim, whom
Cromwell's commissioners proposed to remove to certain dis-
tricts in Munster. Among these is named in the " Six-Mile
Water" quarters, "Captain George Welsh." ^ The Six-Mile
Water district included the parish of Templepatrick; and those
enumerated in " the Declaration " were persons obnoxious to
Cromwell on account of their adhesion to monarchical and
Presbyterian principles. From these considerations it is not
improbable that Captain Welsh was a son of the minister of
Templepatrick. So far as is known, there was in Ulster no
^ Autobiography and Life of Robert Blair, Edinb. 1848, 8vo, pp. 135,
2 Young's Life of John Welsh, pp. 413-415 ; History of the Presbyterian
Church in Ireland, by James Seaton Reid, D.D., Belfast, 1867, 3 vols. 8vo,
voL i., pp. 112, 113, 138, 180, 181.
^ Reid's Presbyterian Church, vol. ii., pp. 187, 552.
150 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
other family of the name. The " Declaration " of Cromwell's
commissioners not having been acted upon, Captain Welsh
remained in Ulster, but his name does not reappear ; if he
left descendants they are certainly extinct.
John Welsh, minister of Kirkpatrick-Irongray, in the
county of Dumfries, is known to have been a son of Mr
Josias Welsh. He studied at the University of Glasgow,
where he graduated in 1647. He was ordained to the
charge of Kirkpatrick-Irongray, in January 1652-3. Being
obnoxious to the Government of the Eestoration, he was
deprived by the Acts of Parliament 11th JunB and of the
Privy Council 1st October 1662. He was the first who
preached in the fields, where he drew immense crowds, who
bore weapons of defence. Beginning in Galloway, he
preached in the northern parts of England and in the
counties of Ayr, Perth, Ediijburgh, Haddington, Eoxburgh,
and Fife. By the Government declared a traitor, a reward,
first of £400 and afterwards of £500, was offered for his
apprehension ; he was consequently attended by a number of
armed persons, who were known as his "body-guard." A
system of telegraphy was devised to warn him and his com-
pany of approaching danger. Thus Graham of Claverhouse,
who rode forty miles in a winter night, in the hope of
arresting him, was foiled in -the attempt.
With a frame singularly robust, Mr Welsh could endure
fatigue and suffer privation to an extent rare even among the
Covenanters themselves. Kirkton relates that on one occa-
sion, when sorely pressed, he was three days and two nights
without sleep — one night being occupied in preaching.^
^ Kirkton's Secret and True History of the Church, Ediub. 1817, 4to,
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIKS OF JOHN KNOX. 151
Dangerous undertaldngs, he was wont to say, prompted and
stimulated him. When the Covenanters were defeated at
BothweU Bridge, he retired to London. He died at
Wapping on the 9th January 1681, in the house of the
wido^7^ of Mr Alexander Carmichael, minister of the first
Scottish church established in the metropolis, and which
met at Lothbury. His remains were deposited in the grave
of his paternal grandfather ; his funeral was very numerously
attended, every dissenting minister in London inviting his
people to be present. He was married, but died without
Wodrow relates an anecdote he had received from Mr
John Loudon, of Fifeshire, respecting two brothers, David
and James Walker, farmers at Leslie in that county. Eigid
Presbyterians, promoters of field-preaching, and harbourers
of the Covenanters, the brothers had become obnoxious to
Archbishop Sharp. Dining one day at Leslie House with
their landlord, the Earl of Eothes, the archbishop described
them as " incendiaries." Affecting to share his displeasure,
the earl said he would send for the brothers at once, adding
significantly that they " would give the Government no more
trouble." As in the evening the earl conducted the arch-
bishop to his carriage, he remarked that the offenders had
been secured ; they had, on their landlord's summons, come
to Leslie House. After the archbishop's departure, the earl
talked with them about rural affairs ; he then dismissed them
without a word of censure. Though strongly opposed to the
^ Her name was Christian Inglis. She latterly became the second wife of
Mr James Fraser of Brae, minister of Culross.
2 Fasti Eccl. Scot., ii. 592, 593; Young's Life of John Welsh, Edinb. 1866,
12mo, pp. 415-417 ; Kirkton's History, p. 219.
152 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
Covenanters, the Earl of Eothes occasionally tolerated them
out of respect to the countess, who was a warm supporter
of the Presbyterian cause.^
The occasion which so excited the archbishop's displeasure
was a preaching tour through Fife, undertaken in the
summer of 1674 by Mr John Welsh, the deprived minister
of Irongray. In June and July of that year, a number of
the gentlemen of Fifeshire, who attended his ministry, or
gave him entertainment, or accompanied him in his pro-
gresses, were summoned before the Privy Council, and fined
In his " Memoirs," composed when he was confined in the
prison of the Bass, Mr John Blackader mentions that he was
acquainted with " a young gentlewoman in Fife, a cousin of
Mr Welsh," who was an enthusiastic admirer of his preach-
ing.3 Who this cousin was does not precisely appear ; her
name is not given, nor any particulars concerning her save
that on one occasion she proceeded to the parish of Kinneu-
char [Kilconquhar], at some distance from her abode, to hear
Mr Welsh preach, being much arrested by a discourse which
he delivered in her own neighbourhood. Mr Blackader men-
tions further, that Mr Welsh preached on a Sunday at Leslie,
when, on account of the reputation which had preceded him,
the parish church was deserted by all save the Earl of Eothes
and his household. In the light of subsequent events, we
incline strongly to hold, as previously stated,^ that Louise,
daughter of Mr John Welsh of Ayr and Elizabeth Knox, had
^ Wodrow's Analecta, printed for the Maitland Club, iv. 41, 42.
2 Law's Memorials, p. 66.
' Blackader's ''Memoirs" in the "Wodrow MSS., Advocates Library.
* See 8U2)ra, p. 147.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 153
married and settled in Fifesliire, somewhere about Leslie. Born
in 1613, Louise Welsh might have been mother of a daughter
np-grown in 1674, and who would be correctly described as
cousin of the ejected minister of Irongray. Her sister,
another cousin of Mr Welsh, was probably wife of one of the
brothers Walker, who, it has been shown, were among Mr
Welsh's more conspicuous supporters.
From a stray volume of the Baptismal Eegister of Leslie,
preserved in the library of Worcester College, Oxford, we
find that David Walker was baptized on the 7th February
1630, and James Walker on the 30th August 1637. Wodrow
relates that one of the brothers married, and had a son David,
who became minister of Temple, Edinburghshire. The de-
scendants of the minister of Temple have constantly asserted
a descent from John Knox and his son-in-law, Mr John
Welsh of Ayr. Mr David Walker of Temple called liis
second son Josias, the Christian name of the minister of
Mr David Walker was, it may be inferred from his Christian
name, son of David, the elder of the Leslie farmers ; he was
admitted minister of Temple in 1690, having been licensed
to preach three years previously.^ In 1705 he is in the
testament-dative of Walter Welsh of Lochquareit, the first-
named of several persons described as " tutors to, and having
the best knowledge, in name and on behalf of Walter Welsh,
son to the said defunct." ^
Walter Welsh of Lochquareit was probably a son of
William Welsh, a parishioner of ISTewbattle, whose name
appears in the kirk-session records of that parish in 1655, and
who seems to have been a son of the minister of Temple-
1 Fasti EccL Scot., i. 308. * Edinb. Com. Reg.
154 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
, patrick. If Mr Josias Welsh left several children, they
were certainly unprovided for, since he died young ; and his
wife's lineage being unrecorded, the belief may be hazarded
that she was the reverse of opulent. She does not seem to
have long survived her husband — more probably she pre-
deceased him. One of her sons, we have adduced some
evidence for believing, made a settlement in Ireland.^ Pro-
bably the future minister of Irongray was educated by friends
or relatives in the west of Scotland. If William Welsh was
one of the children, he may have found an early home under
the roof-tree of William Knox, a probable relative of the
Eeformer, and who appears in ISTewbattle parish in 1662 as
a householder and the father of a family.^
Walter Welsh, son of William, named his eldest son
Josias, probably after the "minister of Templepatrick. As a
Christian name, Josias was then in Scotland "altogether rare.
Walter Welsh was a tanner or " skinner" ^ at the Eastmill
of Newbattle prior to 1691, when he and James Knox (son
of William Knox) left the parish. As members of the kirk-
session, their offices were on the 9tli August 1691 declared
vacant.* Mr Welsh removed to Burnfoot, a hamlet in the
parish of Dalkeith, where he conducted merchandise.^ He
married, first, Helen Parkinson,^ member of a sept to be found
in Ulster, but not in Scotland. He married, secondly, in
April 1701, Katherine, second daughter of the late Alex-
ander Crookshank, merchant-burgess of Edinburgh. By
1 Sujyra, p. 149. « Newbattle Kirk-Session Minute Book.
3 Lochquareit Writs, Instrument of Inhibition, 8th February 1692.
^ Newbattle Kirk-Session Minute Book.
^ He is described as "merchant" in his marriage-contract, dated 9th April
1701 (Lochquareit Writs).
^ Tombstone inscription.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX. 155
means chiefly of liis second wife's dowry, he was enabled
to purchase, in 1703, from Walter Scott, the lands of Loch-
quareit, in the parish of Berth wick, for the sum of 37,000
merks. The minute of purchase is dated 18th June, and the
disposition following thereon 27th July; he obtained the
Walter Welsh died at Burnfoot on the 29th June 1705.
His tombstone in Newbattle churchyard, elaborately sculp-
tured, is inscribed thus :
" Here ly's Walter Welsh of Lochquareyt, who died the
29th of June 1705 ; and Helen Parkinson, his spouse, who
died the 19 of March 1698 ; and Josias Welsh, their son, who
died the 15 October 1696 ; and Alexander Welsh, their son,
who died the 11th of July 1707.
' * Wisdom and Virtue lys
Beneath this stone,
With rare accomplishment,
Surpassing many one.
Courageous both, with
Meekness mixed together,
A loving husband, parent,
And a brother,
A com'teous wife, sweet
Children here doth ly;
Ane emblem dear that
Wee must surely dy."
By his first wife, Helen Parkinson, Walter Welsh had
three sons, Josias, Alexander, and Walter, and two daughters,
Alison and Helen. Helen, the younger daughter, married
William Hynd, merchant, Dalkeith"; she died in 1732.
She had a son Edward, who was living in 1729 ; he seems
to have died unmarried.^
1 The original instruments are in the Lochquareit Charter- Chest.
2 Lochquareit Writs.
156 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
Alison, elder daughter of Walter Welsh, first of Loch-
quareit, married her cousin, Thomas Welsh ^ of Burnfoot, by
whom she had three sons, David, Thomas, and George.
David was born 24th March 1731 ;2 his subsequent history
is unknown. Thomas engaged in business at Edinburgh ; he
married, and had one son and several daughters.
Colonel Welsh, only son of Thomas Welsh, citizen of
Edinburgh, served in India, where he attained military dis-
tinction; he subsequently held an important office in the
administrative department of the British Army. He married
a celebrated beauty, Miss Maliny Maling, daughter of
Christopher Thomson Maling, Esq. of West Hemington, Dur-
ham, and sister of the Countess of Musgrave. He had a son
Shirley, youngest daughter of Thomas Welsh of Edin-
burgh, married, in 1788, David Allan, the eminent historical
painter. Cherishing certain extravagant notions respecting
the Jews, she, subsequent to her husband's death, which
took place in 1796, sailed for India in the hope of there
discovering the lost tribes. Her brother. Colonel Welsh,
being made aware of her intention, met her on landing, and
at length induced her to return home. She had five chil-
dren, three of whom died in infancy. David Allan, the only
surviving son, proceeded to India as a cadet in 1806 ; he was
Barbara Anne, only surviving daughter of David Allan and
Shirley Welsh, married Mr Simon, a converted Jew. She
accompanied him to America. Like her mother, she evinced
a deep interest in the recovery of the ten tribes. She pub-
lished, in 1836, an octavo volume, entitled " The Hope of
^ Dalkeith Parish Register. ^ Edinb. Com. Reg., vol. Ixxiv.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIES OF JOHN KNOX. 157
Israel : Presumptive Evidence that the Aborigines of the
Western Hemisphere are descended from the Ten Missing
Tribes." Mrs Simon died at Leith in October 1874.
George Welsh, one of the three sons of Thomas and Alison
Welsh, settled at Biirnfoot, where, and at Dalkeith, he suc-
cessfully traded. Of deep religious convictions, he composed
"Prayers and Meditations," which, preserved in MS., were
much valued by his descendants. He married, in 1736,
Elizabeth, daughter of John Maxwell, heiress of her uncle,
George Napier, Esq. of Kilmahew Castle, Dumbartonshire,
representative of the oldest branch of the House of Napier.
Of the marriage were born three daughters, Alison, Frances,
Alison, the eldest daughter, married Alexander Martin of
the Mains of Salton, Haddingtonshire. Their daugliter,
EKzabeth Martin, born 1771, married David Hume of
Castlemains, Haddingtonshire ; she died in 1829.
Of the marriage of David Hume and Elizabeth Martin
were born nine sons and five daughters. John, the eldest
son, perished at sea. Alexander, the second son, was born
28th January 1795. He rented the lands of Comiston, in
the county of Edinburgh, and married Catherine, daughter of
William Dumbreck of Southcoats, uncle of the late Sir
David Dumbreck, K.C.B., Honorary Physician to the Queen,
with issue, two sons and four daughters. William Hume,
third son, was born 20th March 1797. He practised as a
physician in Coventry, and died unmarried. David Hume,
fourth son, was born 17th December 1798. He married
Jane, daughter of Eichard Somner of Mauriston; and died
without issue. His widow married Charles Maclaren, Esq.,
the eminent Scottish geologist. George Hume, fifth son, born
158 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
12th September 1801, rented the lands of Costerton; he died
Edward Hume, sixth son of David Hume and Elizabeth
Martin, was born 24th April 1803. Licensed to preach by
the Presbytery of Haddington, 12th December 1826, he was,
in 1829, ordained minister of Heriot, in the county of Edin-
burgh. He was translated to the parish of Pitsligo, Aber-
deenshire, in 1834, and there died on the 1st April 1863, at
the age of sixty. He married, first, in 1835, Marion Keddie,
of the town of Peebles, by whom he had four sons and four
daughters. He married, secondly, in 1852, Eliza, daughter
of William Patton of Devonshaw, captain, 12th Eoyal
Lancers, with issue, two sons and two daughters. His eldest
son. Captain David Edward Hume, was, in 1873, elected a
younger brother of the Trinity House, and in 1874 was
appointed Superintendent Dockmaster, Port of Hull.
Thomas David Hume, seventh son of David Hume and
Elizabeth Martin, was born 24th September 1808. Commis-
sioned as an army surgeon, he attained the rank of inspector-
general. As principal medical officer of the Third and
Fourth Divisions, he served during the war in the Crimea,"
and was decorated with the Turkish order of Medjidie. He
married Caroline, daughter of Colonel Slater of the 82d
John Hume, eighth son of David Hume of Castlemains
was born 5th February 1811. Settling in Ceylon, he married
Mary Anne, daughter of William Patton of Devonshaw,
captain, 12th Lancers, with issue, three sons and one daughter.
Stevenson Hume, ninth son, born 3d March 1815, is princi-
pal of the treasury branch of H.M. Customs. He married
Janet Eanken, daughter of Alexander Bartholomew, and
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIKS OF JOHN KNOX. 159
granddaughter of Andrew Bartholomew of Crossflats, Lin-
lithgowshire. Of this marriage survive three sons, David
Alexander, Jonathan Eanken, and Thomas David ; also two
daughters, Barbara' Clapperton, and Eliza Martin. The eldest
son, David Alexander Hume, is a merchant in the East India
trade, resident in London.
Alison, eldest daughter of David Hume of Castlemains, by
his wife Elizabeth Martin, was born 6th June 1790. She
married William Miller of Edinburgh, and died without issue.
Ann, second daughter, born 5th January 1792, married, 25th
July 1816, Alexander Clapperton, merchant, Edinburgh, by
whom she had three sons and nine daughters. John Clapper-
ton, the eldest son, is partner of the firm of J. Clapperton & Co.,
merchants, Edinburgh. A magistrate and deputy-Heutenant
of the county of Edinburgh, he, in 1873, held office as Master
of the Merchant Company. Frances, third daughter, born
16th March 1800, died unmarried. Elizabeth, fourth
daughter, born 8th July 1805, was second wife of Alex-
ander Bartholomew, by whom she had two sons and six
daughters. Jane Welsh, fifth daughter, born 9th February
1807, married Captain Barclay of Aberdeen, and died, leaving
Frances, second daughter of George Welsh of Burnfoot
and Elizabeth Maxwell, married, in 1764, Thomas Macgill, a
native of Dunbar, and latterly an extensive shipbuilder at
Port- Glasgow. In early life, seriously impressed by the
religious teaching of the Wesleyan Methodists, he attached
himself to that body, and became remarkable for his religious
earnestness. His wife was no less esteemed for her genuine
piety; she died in August 1829 at the age of ninety. By his
wife Frances Welsh, Thomas Macgill was father of two sons
160 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
and two daughters. Stevenson, the elder son, born 19th
January 1765, studied at the University of Glasgow. As a
distinguished student he was, at the close of his college
career, offered the Professorial Chair of Civil History in
the University of St Andrews. Declining this preferment,
he was, in 1791, ordained minister of Eastwood, Een-
frewshire. In 1797 he was translated to the Tron Church,
Glasgow, and in 1814 was preferred to the Professorship of
Divinity in the University of that city. An accomplished
theologian and expert teacher, he attracted to his prelections
many young men who afterwards attained eminence in the
Church. He co-operated with Mr "William M'Gavin, author
of "The Protestant," in the movement which resulted in
erecting a monument to John Knox in the Necropolis of
Glasgow. Dr Stevenson Macgill died on the 18th August
1840, at the age of seventy-six. Dean of the Chapel Eoyal
and D.D. of Marischal College, Aberdeen, he published,
among other works, "Lectures on Ehetoric and Criticism."
A memoir of his life by Dr Eobert Burns of Paisley appeared
in 1842, and a volume of his "Discourses" in 1844. He died
Francis Macgill, younger son of Thomas Macgill and
Frances Welsh, was born in 1792 ; he settled at Glasgow,
where he died in 1865. He married, in 1810, Anne, daughter
of John White, with issue, five sons and five daughters.
Stevenson, the eldest son, a solicitor in Glasgow, is deceased ;
George, second son, died in infancy ; Francis, third son, born
in 1820, was, in 1843, ordained minister of the united
parishes of Larbert and Dunipace, in the county of Stirling.
An eloquent and acceptable expounder of Divine truth, and
a faithful pastor, he died of fever in 1847.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIES OF JOH^ KNOX. 161
Jacob Wakefield Macgill, manufacturer, Glasgow, fourth
son of Francis Macgill, married Agnes, fourth daughter of
Eobert Boyd, Esq., Glasgow, with issue. Henry Moncrieff
Macgill, fifth son, was, in 1865, ordained minister of Northesk,
in the county of Edinburgh. He married Jane, daughter of
Thomas White, merchant, Glasgow.
Anne, eldest daughter of Francis Macgill, married the Eev.
Thomas Marshall Postlethwaite, incumbent of Witherslack,
Westmoreland, and is deceased; Frances, second daughter,
died in childhood ; Agnes, third daughter, married the Eev.
William Wotherspoon, minister of Kilspindie, and is
deceased; Alice, fourth daughter, is deceased; Fanny, fifth
and youngest daughter, is wife of the Eev. William Eobert-
son, Stuartfield, Aberdeenshire.
Jean, youngest daughter of George Welsh and Elizabeth
Maxwell, married William Macgill, with issue a daughter,
who married Captain William Martin, shipowner, Greenock.
William Martin was born on the 28th August 1779, in
the manse of Merton, Berwickshire. His father, Mr John
Martin, minister of that parish, was a man of high culture
and superior worth. In early life he was tutor to Sir John
Sinclair, and when a boy Sir Walter Scott was much with
him; he has in the introduction to the third canto of
" Marmion," celebrated him in these lines :
" The venerable priest,
Our frequent ^nd familiar guest,
Whose life and manners well could paiut
Alike the student and the saint."
Josias, eldest son of Walter Welsh of Lochquareit, died on
the 15th October 1696 ; Alexander, the second son, succeeded
to Lochquareit in June 1705, and died 11th July 1707.^
^ Tombstone inscription.
Walter Welsh, third son of Walter Welsh and Helen
Parkinson, succeeded his brother Alexander in the lands of
Lochquareit. In August 1717-^ he married Isabel, daughter
of Michael Anderson of Tushielaw, by whom he had a son,
Walter. The marriage was dissolved by the Commissary
Court in August 1733, when Mrs Welsh obtained a provision
out of the Lochquareit estate. The estate was, in 1731, sold
to James Dewar of Vogrie.^
By his second wife, Katherine Crookshank, Walter Welsh,
first of Lochquareit, had a son, Mungo, who, on behalf of his
mother, on the 16th January 1723, obtained sasine of the lands
of Lochquareit for the annual rent of 16,000 merks, as a moiety
of the value of his deceased father's property, acquired during
his second marriage. Certain legal proceedings supervened.^
Mungo Welsh some time engaged in merchandise at Edin-
burgh. In 1729 he emigrated to South Carolina, where he
died prior to the 2d January 1735, when his sister Alison and
her husband, Thomas Welsh of Burnfoot, succeeded to a
portion of his movable estate.*
Mr David Walker, minister of Temple, cousin, as is believed,
of Walter Welsh of Lochquareit, had by his wife Margaret
Paterson, four sons, David, Josias, Thomas, and Archibald ;
also three daughters, Margaret, Anne, and Christian.^
David, the eldest son, probably died young ; his history is
unknown. Josias, the second son, was baptized 11th January
1695. Having graduated at the University of Edinburgh in
1713, he was licensed to preach in 1720, and in 1721 was
ordained minister of Abdie, Fifeshire. He died 17th May
1 Contract of Marriage, dated 17tli August 1717, iu Lochquareit Charter-
2 Lochquareit Writs. ^ ji^^ a jh^^ a p^sti Eccl. Scot., i. 308,
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KXOX. 163
1745. He married Margaret, eldest daughter of Sir Michael
Balfour of Denmiln; she died at Cupar 8th July 1775, leaving
a son, David.^
Archibald Walker, third son of Mr David Walker, minister
of Temple, was licensed to preach in 1732, and was in 1738
admitted minister of Temple in succession to his father. He
died 29th January 1760. He married, 13th October 1741,
Elizabeth, daughter of William Carlyle, merchant, Glasgow ;
she died 23d February 1756, leaving issue.^
Thomas Walker, fourth and youngest son of Mr David
Walker of Temple, graduated at the University of Edinburgh
in 1723. Licensed to preach in 1727, he was in 1732
ordained minister of Dundonald, Ayrshire. He published
" Essays and Sermons," and " Vindication of the Discipline
and Constitution of the Church of Scotland." He died 15th
August 1780. By his first wife, Jean Eobertson, who died
9th November 1747, he had three sons. He married,
secondly, in 1749, Ann Shaw (died 14th October 1795), and
by her had four sons and three daughters. Josias Walker,
the youngest son, was Professor of Humanity in the
University of Glasgow.^ One of the daughters, Margaret,
became second wife of Mr William Grierson, minister of
Glencairn. Her son, Thomas Grierson, minister of Kirkbean,
who died 15th July 1854, published "Autumnal Eambles
among the Scottish Mountains," and other works. He mar-
ried his cousin Eussel, daughter of Professor Josias Walker
of the University of Glasgow.^
Anne, second daughter of Mr David Walker, minister of
Temple, married, 21st October 1720, ]\Ir James Wither-
1 Fasti Eccl. Scot, ii. 468. 2 j^^i^ j 303.
3 Ibid., ii. 113. -i Ibid., i. 585, 676.
164 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIKS OF JOHN KNOX.
spoon, minister of Yester, Haddingtonshire. This respectable
clergyman was descended from an old family, who owned the
lands of Bridge House, Linlithgowshire. He was ordained
minister of Yester in 1720, and there ministered till his
death, 12th August 1759. He was Chaplain in Ordinary to
the King, and was much revered for his piety and learning.
Of the marriage of Mr James Witherspoon and Anne
Walker were born four sons, John, David, Josias, and James;
also a daughter, Susan.^
John Witherspoon, the eldest son, was born on the 5th
February 1723. He graduated at the University of Edin-
burgh 8th May 1739, and was licensed to preach 6th Sep-
tember 1743. In April 1745 he was ordained minister of
Beith, in the county of Ayr. During the Eebellion of that
year he commanded a body of volunteers, but being made
prisoner at the battle of Falkirk, he was, with others, im-
prisoned in the castle of Doune. Having with his fellow-
prisoners contrived to escape, he returned to his parish. In
1757 he was translated to the Low Church, Paisley, where
his ministerial zeal was highly appreciated. A keen debater
in the Church Courts, he in the General Assembly upheld
the views of the evangelical party in vigorous opposition to
Principal Eobertson. In 1764 he received the degree of
D.D. from the University of St Andrews. Having declined
various offers of preferment in Scotland, he, in 1768, accepted
the office of President of Princeton College, New Jersey. In
this position he obtained increased celebrity and honour. On
the rupture of the States with Great Britain in 1774, he was
chosen by the citizens of New Jersey as a delegate to the
Convention; and in 1776 was elected by them a Member of
1 Fasti Eccl. Scot., i. 364, 365.
GENEALOGICAL MEMOIES OF JOHN KNOX. 165
Congress. Among his numerous occupations, he continued
to preach, much to the comfort and improvement of his
hearers. He closed a busy and eventful life on the 15th
November 1794, at the age of seventy-two. His works were
published at Edinburgh in 1804, in nine duodecimo volumes.^
A monument to his memory at Philadelphia was publicly
inaugurated in October 1876.
Dr Witherspoon married first, in 1748, Elizabeth, daughter
of Eobert Montgomery of Craighouse, Ayrshire, and secondly,
in 1791, Anne, widow of Dr Dill of New York ; of the
first marriage were born three sons and two daughters.
James, the eldest son, major in the United States Army,
fell at the battle of Brandy wine, Pennsylvania, in September
1777; he was unmarried. John, second son, an army
surgeon, died without issue. David, third son, a doctor of
medicine, married the widow of Abner Nash. Frances, the
younger daughter, married Dr David Eamsay of North
Carolina. Anne, elder daughter, married the Eev. Dr Stan-
hope Smith, afterwards President of Princeton College, and
by him had one son and three daughters.
John W. Smith, only son of Dr Stanhope Smith and Anne
Witherspoon, a judge at New Orleans, married, with issue a
son and daughter.
EHza, eldest daughter of Dr Stanhope Smith and Anne
Witherspoon, married Pinfard, without issue. Frances,
second daughter, married Provost, stepson of Aaron
Burr, by whom she had two sons — James, of the United
States Navy, who died without issue ; and Stanhope Smith ;
also two daughters — Theodosia, who died unmarried, and
Frances, who married the Eev. Breckenridge, with
1 Fasti Ecd. Scot., ii. 160, 203, 204.
166 GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS OF JOHN KNOX.
issue — John C. Breckenridge, Vice-President of the Con-
Susan, youngest daughter of Dr Stanhope Smith and Anne
Witherspoon, married Derick Solomons, M.D., with issue, two
daughters, Caroline and another, who married Woodhall.
Susan Witherspoon, only daughter of Mr James Wither-
spoon, minister of Yester, by his wife Anne Walker, became
second wife of Mr James French, one of the masters of the
High School of Edinburgh, a native of Tweedsmuir, in Tweed-
dale. Mr James French was parochial schoolmaster first of
Temple, afterwards of Yester. On the 14th February 1759,
he was elected one of the masters of the High School of
Edinburgh ; he resigned that office in June 1786, when he
received, in acknowledgment of his services, a life pension in
excess of his salary. He died at Carmunnock, Lanarkshire,
on the 9th March 1789, at the age of seventy-four. Of the
marriage of Mr James French and Susan Witherspoon were
born a son, James, and a daughter, Anne. James French
was, when a college student, tutor to Sir Walter Scott.
Licensed to preach in 1785, he was in the following year
ordained minister of Carmunnock, Lanarkshire. In 1791 he
was translated to East Kilbride in the same county. He died
in 1835, aged seventy-four.^
Anne French married Mr James Todd of New York, by
whom she had a son, Alexander, who died young ; also three
daughters — Susan, Mary, and Isabella. Susan married Gabriel
Walker of Fifeshire; Mary married Squire of New York,
with issue ; Isabella married John Bain of Morriston, in the
county of Lanark ; she died 6th October 1857, leaving issue.
1 Fasti Eccl. Scot., ii. 68, 204.
' History of the High School of Edinburgh, by William Steven, D.D.,
Edinb. 1849, 12mo, p. 135, app. 92.
AUTHOR OF " THE HARP OF ZION."
From that branch of the family of Knox which, in the six-
teenth century, settled in Berwickshire (p. 58), descended
the ingenious poet, William Knox. He was born at Firth,
in the parish of Lilliesleaf, Eoxburghshire, on the 17th
August 1789. His father, Thomas Knox, espoused Barbara
Turnbull, widow of Mr Pott of Todrig, in Selkirkshire. Of
this marriage William was the eldest son. Having been
educated at the grammar school of Musselburgh, he, in 1812,
rented the farm of Wrae, near Langholm ; but, after five
years, he abandoned his lease, and returned to his parents'
house. In 1820 his family removed to Edinburgh, when
he became a contributor to the public journals. In
1818 he published "The Lonely Hearth and other Poems,"
12mo; in 1824, "The Songs of Israel," 12mo; and in April
1825, a volume of lyrics entitled "The Harp of Zion."
This last work brought him no inconsiderable reputation.
His poetical merits were acknowledged by Sir Walter Scott,
Eobert Southey, and Professor Wilson. After a period of
weak health he died on the 12th November 1825, at the age
His poetry, always smooth and harmonious, is pervaded
with deep pathos and pious sentiment. His Scriptural para-
phrases are exquisite specimens of sacred verse. In 1847 a
collected edition of his works was published at London.
PROJECTOK AND AUTHOR.
From that branch of the family which settled at Newbattle"
(p. 57) sprung John Knox, projector and author. A book-
seller in the Strand, London, he made a tour to the Scottish
Highlands in 1764, where, remarking the impoverished con-
dition of the people, he made a careful examination of the
country, with . the view of suggesting a remedy. He after-
wards proposed that fishing stations should be established
on the west coast ; and he inaugurated that movement which
resulted in the construction of the Crinan Canal. Among
numerous letters and pamphlets, chiefly in reference to the
condition of the Highlands, he published, in two octavo
volumes, "A View of the British Empire, more especially
Scotland, with some Proposals for the Improvement of that
Country, the Extension of its Fisheries, and the Relief of
the People," London, 1784; "Northern Fisheries," 1786,
8vo ; and " A Tour through the Highlands of Scotland and
Hebrides Isles in 1786," 8vo, 1787. Mr Knox also issued a
work on the picturesque scenery of Scotland. He died at
Dalkeith on the 1st August 1790.
JOHN KNOX OF LONDON.
Descended from that branch of the House of Knox which
settled in Berwickshire, William Knox, parish school-
master of Edrom, married Agnes, daughter and co-heiress of
Peter Mitchell, Esq. of Fannyhill, Perthshire. Of this
marriage was born Peter Mitchell Knox, who, after prosecut-
ing theological studies at the University of Edinburgh,
declined entering the Church from some conscientious
scruples. In 1836 he married Margaret, eldest daughter of
William Craig, merchant in Aberdeen, by whom he had two
sons. William Craig Knox, the elder son, was born in
November 1837. John Knox, the second son, born January
1839, became a merchant in London. He married, in 1866,
his cousin Isa Craig, the gifted authoress of the Burns
Centenary Prize Ode, and other poejus.
Eev. VICESIMUS KNOX, D.D.
Son of an English clergyman of Irish descent, Vicesimus
Knox was born at Newington Green, Middlesex, in 1752.
In his nineteenth year he obtained a fellowship in St John's
College, Oxford. He published anonymously, in 1777,
" Essays, Moral and Literary," and soon afterwards became
widely known, while his work was translated into several
European languages. In 1778 he was elected master of
Tunbridge School, with wliich he held the united rectories of
Eumwell and Eamsden Crays in Essex, and the chapelry
of Shipbourne, Kent. His work on "Liberal Education,"
which appeared in 1781, gave offence owing to his remarks
as to the relaxation of discipline in the universities, but his
suggestions were ultimately carried out. His future works,
entitled "Winter Evenings," "Personal Nobility," "The
Spirit of Despotism," "Sermons on Faith, Hope, and
Charity," and " Christian Philosophy," entirely sustained his
early fame. Retiring from the mastership of Tunbridge School
in 1812, he afterwards resided in London. He died on the 6th
September 1821. A monument to his memory has been
placed in Tunbridge Church. His works were, in 1824, col-
lected and published in seven octavo volumes.
At page 43, George Knox of Minnymore (otherwise Money-
more), county Donegal, is named as father of two sons,
Andrew and another. That other was George Knox, D.D.,
rector of the parish of Lifford, county Donegal. He died at
Windsor in 1795. By his wife, Catherine, daughter of James
Nesbit of Woodhill, county Donegal, he had four sons and
Mr James Knox, eldest son of George Knox, D.D., was for
iLany years Principal of Foyle College, in the county of
Derry; he died in 1848 at the age of ninety- five. He married
his cousin Mary, daughter of George Nesbit of Woodhill, by
whom he had a son, George Nesbit Knox, who, taking orders,
became incumbent first at Termonamongan, afterwards at
Balteagh, in the county of Derry. He married, but died
without issue. Mr James Knox had also three daughters, of
whom two, Marcia and Eliza, survive, unmarried.
Mr John Eussell Knox, second son of Dr George Knox,
was rector of Inismagrath, in the county of Leitrim ; he died
on the 23d December 1830. By his wife, the eldest daughter
of Dr Edward Hill, Professor of Medicine in Trinity College,
Dublin, and of Clonmel, county Tipperary, he had two sons
and two daughters. George, the elder son, served in the
Medical Department of the East India Company; he was
promoted as a superintending surgeon; he died in 1848.
He married Mary Jane Stuart, only child of Major W. Stuart
Griffiths, by whom he had three sons, also a daughter who
William, eldest son of George Knox, lieutenant in the
64th Eegiment, served in the Persian campaign, and in sup-
pressing the Indian Mutiny; he died unmarried. George,
second son, was an engineer in the Bengal Civil Service, and
is now Deputy-Commissioner of Eawul Pindi. James served
with the 19th Eegiment in the Crimea, and in suppressing
the Indian Mutiny ; he is major in the Cheshire Militia, and
governor of H.M. prison at Gloucester. He married, in
1863, Janet Elizabeth, daughter of C. Eoss, Esq., and has
surviving issue — James Stuart, William Stuart Grifiiths,
George Stuart, Charles Stuart, and Marcia Stuart.
James Knox, younger son of Mr John Eussell Knox, was a
captain in the 6th Madras Cavalry. With his wife,
Morsom, and their infant son, he was lost at sea in the
" Lady Monro," near the island of Desolation, in the Indian
Catherine, elder daughter of Mr John Eussell Knox,
married Major James Gibson of the 19th Infantry, with issue
four sons and one daughter. Major Gibson died in Tasmania
Elizabeth Sinclair, younger daughter of Mr John Eussell
Knox, married, first, Lieutenant A. Campbell, and secondly.
Captain M. Fenton of the 13th Light Infantry, who latterly
obtained an estate near Hobart Town in Tasmania.
Major George Knox and Captain Tomkins Knox, third and
fourth sons of George Knox, D.D., were officers in the Bom-
bay Artillery. The former died at sea on his passage to
England, about the year 1807 ; the latter was present at the
siege of Seringapatam in 1799, and died in the island of
Ceylon soon afterwards. Both were unmarried.
Catherine Letitia, third and youngest daughter of George
Knox, D.D., rector of Lifford, married, 5th May 1797, Lieu-
tenant Edward Alexander Lawrence, by whom she had John
Laird Mair, afterwards Baron Lawrence, and other issue.
1 72 APPENDIX.
FAMILIES OF KNOX IN AMEEICA.
Adam Knox, born in the province of Ulster in 1719, emi-
grated to America in 1737, accompanied by his two younger
brothers. He settled at Boston ; one of the brothers, William,
accepting employment at New Glasgow, now called Blandford,
in Western Massachusetts. Adam and William Knox were
both married. Their descendants are numerous throughout
Thomas W. Knox of New York has published " Camp Fire
and Cotton Field," 1865, 8vo; "Overland through Asia,"
1870, 8vo; and "Underground; or, Life below the Surface,"
Aberdeen, 7, 144, 147, 159.
Adamson, John, 136.
Alan, Steward of Scotland, 8.
Alan, "Walter, 8.
Albany, Duke of, 114.
Alchenour, Thome, 132.
Aldhus, Johannes de, 5.
Alexander II., 7.
Alexander III., 8.
Alexander, Henry, 32.
Alexander, Louisa Juliana, 32.
Allan, Barbara Anne, 156.
Allan, David, 156.
Allan, Shirley, 156.
Altrie, Baron, 7.
Anderson, Isabel, 162.
Anderson, Michael, 162.
Anglesea, Arthur, Earl of, 34, 38.
Angus, Archibald, Earl of, 71.
Anketell, Edith Maud, 29.
Anketell, William, 29.
Annand, Dean John, 80.
Annesley, Dorothy, 34, 35.
Annesley, Maurice, 34, 38.
Antrim, 46, 149.
Argyle, Countess of. 111.
Argyle, Earl of, 93, 97, 101, 102, 111.
Armagh, 28, 29, 32, 35.
Armstrong, James, 51.
Arran, Arthur, Earl of, 35, 36, 61,
Arran, Governor, 78, 93.
Aske, Elizabeth, 89.
Aske, Roger, 90.
Ayr, 6, 54, 102, 144-147, 150.
Bain, John, 166.
Balfour, Margaret, 163.
Balfour, Sir Michael, 163.
Balnavis, Henry, 79.
Bannatyne, Richard, 122, 124, 137.
Barclay, Agnes, 55, 56.
Barclay, Captain, 159.
Barclay, Hew, 11.
Barclay, Jane Welsh, 159.
Barclay, Rev. Dr, 74.
Barker, Selina Elizabeth, 27.
Barker, William Ponsonby, 27.
Barklie, Archibald, 49.
Barklie, Frances Jane, 49.
Barklie, George, 49.
Barklie, Hester, 49.
Barklie, John Knox, 49.
Barklie, Mary, 49.
Barklie, Thomas, 49.
Bartholomew, Alexander, 158, 159.
Bartholomew, Andrew, 159.
Bartholomew, Elizabeth, 159.
Bartholomew, Janet, 158.
Bath, Charlotte, 29.
Bath, Thomas, 29.
Beamish, Frances Emily, 27.
Beamish, Percy Smyth, 27.
Beaton, Cardinal, 78, 79, 97.
Bell, Mary, 34.
Bell, Thomas, 34.
Belleek Manor, 37, 41.
Bennet, Robert, 131, 132.
Bent, Ellis, 28, 29.
Bent, Eliza, 28.
Bent, Hannah, 28.
Bent, Isabella Hannah, 29.
Bent, Robert, M.P., 28.
Beresford, Clara, 25.
Beresford, John, Right Hon., 25.
Berwick, 82, 85, 89, 90, 93, 103, 104.
Bethune, Captain, 42.
Bethune of Blebo, 65.
Betoun, Jonet, 131, 132.
Bevington, Geoffrey, 49.
Bevington, James Buckingham, 49.
Bevington, Mary, 49.
Bevington, Samuel Bourne, 49.
Bishop, Thomas, 60.
Blackader, Rev. John, 152.
Blacker, Katherine, 26.
Blacker, Latham, 26.
Blair, Elizabeth, 16.
Blair, John, of that Ilk, 16.
Blair, Robert, 15, 148, 149.
Blake, Elizabeth, 31.
Blake, Rev. W,, 31.
Blunden, Eliza, 42.
Blunden, Frances Maria, 42.
Blunden, Sir John, 42.
Blunden, W. P., 42.
Bonner, Bishop, 81.
Borthwick, Martha, 68.
Boswall, Johnne, 131.
Boswall, William, 131.
Bothwell Bridge, 151.
Both well, Earl of, 59, 117, 118.
Bowden, 63, 64, 71.
Bowes, Elizabeth, 89, 95.
Bowes, George, 89, 90.
Bowes, Marjory, 90, 91, 137.
Bowes, Mary Eleanor, 90.
Bowes, Mrs, 61, 88, 90, 91, 93, 94, 107.
Bowes, Richard, 89, 90.
Bowes, Sir Ralph, 89.
Bowes, Sir Robert, 89, 90.
Bows, Marjorie, 135.
Bows, Randulphe, 135.
Bows, Robert, 135.
Boyd, Agnes, 161.
Boyd, John, 26.
Boyd, Lord, 102.
Boyd, Mary, 47.
Boyd, Mary Louisa, 26.
Boyd, Robert, 161.
Boyd, Robert, of Trochrig, 148.
Brabazon, Lady Mary, 39.
Brandling, Sir Robert, 87, 88.
Breckenridge, C. John, 166.
Breckenridge, Frances, 165.
Breckenridge, Rev. , 165.
Bristol, Earl of, 47.
Brown, Catherine, 57.
Brown, James, 57.
Bruce, Agnes, 74.
Bruce, King Robert the, 17.
Buntiue, John, 11.
Buutine, William, 11.
Burdett, Captain George, R.N., 27.
Burdett, Frances Elizabeth, 27.
Burnfoot, 154, 155, 159, 162.
Burns, Dr Robert, 160.
Burr, Aaron, 165.
Bushfield, 36, 38.
Buss, farm of, 58.
Byron, Lord, 50.
Caithness, Earl of, 116,
Calbrathis, Thomas, 9.
Calderwood, Jane, 73.
Calvin, John, 91, 92, 95-97, 107, 113,
Campbell, Elizabeth Sinclair, l7l.
Campbell, General Sir Henry, 24.
Campbell, Lieut. A., 171.
Campbell of Kilzeancleuch, 94, 124.
Campbell, Robert, 69, 136.
Garden, Richard M,, 37.
Carey, Anne Ellen, 20.
Carey, Emma Augusta, 26.
Carey, James, 26,
Carey, Rev. J., 26.
Carlyle, Elizabeth, 163.
Carlyle, William, 163.
Carmichael, Alexander, 151.
Carolina, South, 162.
Carrington, 63, 68.
Cassilis, Earl of, 110, 116.
Castlerea, 34, 38-41.
Castlereagh, Lord, 53.
Cecil, Sir Robert, 86-88, 98, 103, 105,
Chaloner, Richard, 42.
Charles I., 74, 85.
Charles IL, 34, 71, 73, 128.
Chastelherault, Duke of, 104.
Chaumer, John, 6.
Cheape of Rossie, 66.
Clapperton, Ann, 159.
Clapperton, Barbara, 159.
Clapperton, John, 159.
Clapperton, J., & Co., 159.
Clark, Sir Simon, 51.
Clinton, Mary Fynes, 49.
Cnok, Johanne de, 5.
Cochrane, Lord, 17.
Cockburn, Alexander, 79.
Cockburn, John, 79.
Cockpen, 62, 64, 65, 68.
Colingtoun, Lady, 131, 132.
Copland, Patrick, 147.
Coventre, Patrick, 9.
Coverdale, Miles, 138.
Cowtis, Helene, 131.
Cox, Dr, 92.
Craig, Isa, 169.
Craig, Mr John, 110.
Craig, Margaret, 169.
Craig, William, 169.
Craigyns (Craigends), 9.
Cranmer, Archbishop, 82, 84, 85, 88.
Cranstoun, Lords, 64.
Craunstoun, Johnne, 131.
Craufurd, George, 6.
Craven, Earl of, 65.
Crawford, Bethia, 68.
Crawford, Helen, 20.
Crawford, John Knox, 68.
Crawford, Margaret, 20, 68.
Crawford, Rev. David, 68.
Crawford, Thomas, 20.
Crawford, William, 20, 68.
Crawfurd, George, 7, 18, 21, 23, 33.
Croft, Sir James, 103.
Crookshank, Alexander, 154.
Crookshank, Katherine, 154, 162.
Crossraguel, Abbot of, 110.
Cumyn, William, 7.
Cuuinghame, Alexander, 11.
Cuninghame, William, 11.
Cuiiningliain, Daniel, 16.
Cunningham, John, 14.
Cunningham, Marion, 17.
Cunningham, William, ofCraigends, 17.
Cunyngame, William, 6.
Dalgleish, Jean, 73.
Daly, Denis, Right Hon., 41.
Daniell, Agnes Henrietta Sarah, 33.
Daniell, Nugent M. W., 33.
Darnley, Lord, 114-118, 122.
Davidson, Isabella, 65.
Davidson, John, 75.
Dickie, Margaret, 56.
Dill, Anne, 165.
Dill, Dr, 165.
Dillon, Helen, 45.
Dillon, Redmond, 45.
Dischingtoun, William, 132.
Dewar, James, 162.
Dobine, Gertrude, 26,
Dobine, T., R.N., 26.
Donegal, Earl of, 21.
Donegal, Earls of, 21.
Douglas, Countess of, 71.
Douglas, Francis, 79.
Douglas, George, 79.
Douglas, Hugh, 78.
Douglas, Isobel, 63.
Douglas, John, 122.
Douglas, Walter, 97.
Dowglas, Robert, 131, 132.
Down, Bishop of, 148.
Dudley, John, 86.
Dumbreck, Catherine, 157.
Dumbreck, Sir David, 157.
Dumbreck, William, 157.
Dunbar, Alexander, 6.
Dunbar, 66, 102, 159.
Duncan, Alexander, 65.
Duncan, Andrew, 65.
Duncan, Ann Calderwood Durham, 66.
Duncan, Catherine, 66.
Duncan, Elizabeth, 66.
Duncan, Henrietta, 66.
Duncan, Henry Francis, 66.
Duncan, Janet, 66.
Duncan, John, 65.
Duncan, Margaret, 66.
Dundas, Emily Louisa Diana, 32.
Dundas, Robert, 32.
Dundrennan, Abbey of, 118.
Dungannon, 20, 2l", 23, 24, 32, 34.
Dunlop, James, of that Ilk, 19.
Dunlop, Margaret, 19.
Dunsandle, Lord, 41.
Dunville, Anne Georgiua, 29,
Dunville, William, 29.
Durham, Dean of, 93, 137.
Durie, George, 106.
Echlin, Andrew, 23.
Echlin, Bishop, 148.
Echlin, General, 22.
Echlin, Hester, 23.
Echlin, John, of Ardquin, 23.
Echlin, Robert, 23.
Echlin, William, 23.
Edmestoun, Gilbert, 132.
Edmestoun, Lady, 132.
Edward VI., 83, 84, 92.
Erskine, John, 93.
Erskine, John, Lord, 93, 102.
Erskine of Dun, 94, 96, 99, 100, 109, 111.
Erskine, Sir Charles, 21.
Ethingtoun, Adame, 130.
Fairlie, Alexander, 140.
Fairlie, Elspet, 140, 141.
Fairlie, John, 140.
Fairlie, Martha, 140.
Fairlie, Nathaniel, 140.
Fairlie, Robert, 140.
Fairlie, William, 140.
Fenton, Captain M., 171.
Fenton, Elizabeth Sinclair, 171.
Ferguson, Sarah, 25.
Ferguson, Sir A., 25.
Fiddes, James, 130.
Fiddes, William, 130.
Findlater, Mary, 68.
Fitzgibbon, Catherine Delia, 29.
Fitzgibbon, Thomas Gibbon, 29.
Fleeming, Janet, 9.
Fleming, James, 140.
Fleming, Janet, 141.
Fleming, Jean, 141.
Fleming, Margaret, 17.
Fleming, Patrick, 17.
Fleming, Robert, 10.
Fleming, William, IL
Fletcher, C. J., 40.
Fletcher, James, 28.
Fletcher, John C, 40.
Forbes, Catherine, 141.
Forbes, James, 141.
Forbes, Janet, 141.
Forbes, John, 144.
Forde, Matthew, 23.
Forman, George, 131.
Fortescue, Harriet, 28.
Fortescue, Thomas, 28.
Fox, John, 97.
French, Anne, 166.
Frencli, James, 166.
French, Susan, 166.
Frenil, B., 26.
Frend, Mary Isabella, 26.
Galway, Honoria, 46.
Gahvay, Eev. Charles, 46.
Gardiner, Charlotte Emily, 40.
Gardiner, Major, 40.
Garrett, Margaret Clarissa, 25.
Garrett, Rev. James P., 25.
Gavin, Bethia James, 68.
Gisborne, Catherine, 24.
Gisborue, General, 24.
Gisborne, Thomas, 24.
Glamis, Lord, 18.
Glammis, Earl of, 90.
Glen, Robert, 130.
Glencairn, Earl of, 94, 95, 99, 102.
Glencairn, James, Earl of, 14, 60.
Glenny, Hopewell, 67.
Glenny, Maria, 67.
Gibson, Catherine, 171.
Gibson-Craig, Bart., Right Hon. Sir
Gibson, Major James, 171.
Gillaume, Thomas, 78.
GoflF, Adelaide Henrietta, 32.
Goff, Joseph, 32.
Goodman, Christopher, 95, 102, 107,
Gordon, Jane, 50.
Gordon, Sir Willoughby, 50.
Gore, Annesley, 35.
Gore, Arthur William, 37.
Gore, Charles James Knox, 37.
Gore, Harriette Emily, 37.
Gore, James Knox, 36, 40, 41.
Gore, Lady Maria Louisa, 36.
Gore, Mary, 35-38.
Gore, Sir Francis A. Knox, 41.
Graham, Daniel, 35.
Graham, John, of Claverhouse, 1 50.
Graham, Sarah, 35.
Greenfield, Dr Andrew, 51.
Greenfield, Letitia, 51, 52.
Greenlees, Margaret, 18-20.
Greer, Agnes Isabella, 30.
Greer, Colonel Henry H., C.B., 30.
Gricr, Marion, 143.
Grierson, Thomas, 163.
Grierson, William, 163.
Griffiths, Major Stuart W., 170.
Griffiths, Mary Jane Stuart, 170.
Gulanis, Johnne, 130.
Haddington, Earl of, 77, 122.
Haldane, Margaret, 131.
Haliburton, Elizabeth, 64, 65.
Haliburton, John, 62.
Hall, Janet, 54.
Hallifax, Octavia Gertrude, 40.
Hallifax, Rev. R. J. , 40.
Hallifax, Samuel, 40.
Halyburton, Lord, 139.
Halyburton, Margaret, 139.
Hamilton, Archbishop, 98, 99, 11 1,11 9.
Hamilton, Archibald, 75.
Hamilton, Christian, 20.
Hamilton, Duke of, 19.
Hamilton, Elizabeth, 19.
Hamilton, Gavin, 19.
Hamilton, John, 14, 80.
Hamilton, Lady, 77.
Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh, 119.
Hamilton, Patrick, 16.
Handy, Jane, 38.
Handy, Samuel, 38.
Hardacre, George, 30.
Hardacre, ]\Iary Anne, 30.
Hartland, Lord, 45.
Hay, Agnes Mary, 29.
Hay, Captain, 46.
Hay, Jane, 46.
Hay, John, 12.
Hay, John, of Inchknock, 20.
Hay, Lieut. -Colonel, 29.
Henderson, Jane, 48.
Henderson, William, 48.
Hepburn, Isobel, 73.
Hepburn, Robert, 73, 130.
Hesketh, Sir Thomas, 29.
Hezlet, Anna Arabella, 49.
Hezlet, Elizabeth, 49.
Hezlet, John, 49.
Hezlet, Mary, 49.
Hezlet, Richard Jackson, 49.
Hezlet, Robert, 49.
Hill, David, 131, 132.
Hill, Dr Edward, 170.
Hill, Johnne, 131.
Holmes, Frances, 45.
Holyrood, 35, 36, 61, 101, 108, 111,
112, 115, 116.
Home, Alexander, Lord, 75.
Home, Elizabeth, 77.
Homill, Janet, 54.
Home, Andrew Duncan, 67.
Home, Charlotte, 68.
Home, Elizabeth, 67.
Home, Hopewell, 67.
Home, Isaac William, 67.
Home, James, 67.
Home, John, 67.
Home, Margaret, 68,
Home, Maria Gleuny, 67.
Home, Mary Fiudlater, 68.
Home, Patrick Carnegie, 67.
Home, "William, 67.
Horner, Marian Diana, 24.
Horner, Rev. Richard Nugent, 24.
Houston, Sir Peter, 10.
Howe, Peter, 52.
Hume, Alexander, 157, 159.
Hume, Alison, 159.
Hume, Ann, 159.
Hume, Barbara Clajiperton, 159.
Hume, Captain David Edward, 158.
Hume, Caroline, 158.
Hume, Catherine, 157.
Hume, David, 157-159.
Hume, David A., 159.
Hume, Edward, 158.
Hume, Eliza, 158.
Hume, Eliza Martin, 159.
Hume, Elizabeth, 157-159.
Hume, Frances, 159.
Hume, George, 157.
Hume, Jane, 157.
Hume, Jane Welsh, 159.
Hume, Janet, 158.
Hume, John, 157, 158.
Hume, Jonathan Rankcn, 159.
Hume, Marion, 158.
Hume, Mary Anne, 158.
Hume, Stevenson, 158.
Hume, Thomas David, 158, 159.
Hume, AVilliam, 157.
Hunt, Colonel Arthur, 40.
Himtly, Earl of, 109.
Hynd, Edward, 155.
Hynd, Helen, 155.
Hynd, William, 155.
Inglis, Isabella, 56.
Irvine, Captain William, 40.
Irvine, Maria, 40.
James I., 85.
James II., 8.
James III., 8.
James IV., 6.
James VI., 65, 90, 118, 127.
James VII., 21.
Jebb, Dr John, 53, 54.
Jenkins, Henry, 49.
Jenkins, Mary, 49.
Jenkins, Robert, 49.
Jenkins, Sarah, 49.
Johnston, Anna Maria, 46.
Johnston, Charlotte, 68.
Johnston, Eliza, 68.
Johnston, Elizabeth, 68.
Johnston, Rev. John, 68.
Johnston, Robert, 46.
Johnston, Sir xVrchibald, 140.
Johnstoun, Dauid, 132.
Johnstoun, John, 136.
Johnstoun, "Williame, 131.
Keddie, Marion, 158.
Keith, Elizabeth, 23.
Keith, Hugh, 23, 51.
Keith of Whiteriggs, 7.
Keith, Robert, 7.
Kelly, Cecilia, 48.
Kelly, William, 48.
Kennedy, Quentin, 110.
Ker, Andrew, 139, 140.
Ker, George, 75.
Ker, Johnne, 131.
Ker, James, 75, 77.
Ker, John, 69, 140.
Ker, Marion, 75.
Ker, Nicolas, 75.
Kilbirnie, 55, 56.
Kilmahew Castle, 157.
Kilmorey, Francis, Earl of, 31.
King, Anne, 41.
King, Isabella, Lady, 39.
King, Right Hon. Sir Henry, 39.
Kingsborough, Viscount Robert, 39.
Kingston, Earl of, 39.
Kirkaldy, Sir William, 120, 121, 123.
Kitchin, Sir John, 10.
Knapton, Lord, 24.
Knoc, Alanus del, 5.
Knoc, Johannes, de Ardmanwell, 9.
Knoc, Wilelmus de, 5.
Knock, John, 82.
Knock, Robert, 5.
Knok, Johne of, 9.
Knok, Thomas, 17.
Knok, William, 17.
Knokis, Adam, 54.
Knokis, Alanus de, 5.
Knokis, Andrew, 45.
Knokis, David, 54.
Knokis, Janet, 54.
Knokis, Johannes, 6. '
Knokis, William, 54, 57, 136.
Knokkis, David, 57.
Knokks, Adam de, 57.
Knox, Ada Eliza, 29.
Knox, Adam, 7, 56, 58, 172.
Knox, Adelaide Henrietta L. H., 32.
Knox, Admiral Edmond, 30, 31.
Knox, Admiral E. S. P., 27.
Knox, Agnes, 55, 58, 69, 168.
Knox, Agnes Frances Nina, 41.
Knox, Agnes Henrietta S., 33.
Knox, Agnes Isabella, 30.
Knox, Agnes Mary, 29.
Knox, Alberic Edward, 41.
Knox, Albert Frederick, 38.
Knox, Albert Henry, 38, 41.
Knox, Alexander, 15, 18, 46, 51-53, 57.
Knox, Alexander Andrew, 51, 52.
Knox, Alexander Cecil Rogers, 52.
Knox, Alexandrina Henrietta Wilhel-
Knox, Alfred Charles, 40.
Knox, Alfred Douglas, 38.
Knox, Alfred William, 41.
Knox, Alice, 40, 49.
Knox, Alice Elizabeth, 31.
Knox, Alice Hewitt Caroline, 42.
Knox, Alison, Q6.
Knox, Andrew, 6, 11-14, 43, 44, 46,
62, 64, 148, 170.
Knox, Andrew Ferguson, 25, 26.
Knox, Andrew, of that Ilk, 7, 58.
Knox, Ann C, 36.
Knox, Ann Wall, 48.
Knox, Anna, 63.
Knox, Anna Charlotte, 29.
Knox, Anna Maria, 41, 46.
Knox, Anne, 27, 30, 39, 47.
Knox, Aune Elizabeth, 27.
Knox, Anne Ellen, 26.
Knox, Anne Georgina, 29.
Knox, Anne Louisa, 27.
Knox, Anne Maple, 45.
Knox, Annesley, 36, 37.
Knox, Annesley Arthur, 36.
Knox, Annesle)'- Gore, 35-38.
Knox, Archdeacon Charles, 28.
Knox, Arthur, 34, 36, 38, 39, 41, 49.
Knox, Arthur Edward, 39.
Knox, Arthur Edward Ellis, 31.
Knox, Arthur Henry, 40.
Knox, Aston, 50.
Knox, Barbara, 38, 167.
Knox, Barbara Anne, 25.
Knox, Beatrice, 57.
Knox, Benjamina, 46.
Knox, Bernard Henry, 25.
Knox, Bessie, 54, 58.
Knox, Bishop Robert" Bent, 28.
Knox, Bishop William, 25, 26.
Knox, Brownlow, 24.
Knox, Captain Tomkins, 171.
Knox, Caroline, 25, 46, 49.
Knox, Catherine, 24, 42, 57, 58, 170,
Knox, Catherine Anne, 42.
Knox, Catherine Delia, 29, 30.
Knox, Catherine Isabella Florence, 27.
Knox, Catherine Letitia, 171.
Knox, Cecil, 49.
Knox, Cecilia, 48.
Knox, Charles, 24, 28, 52.
Knox, Charles Arthur Northland, 28.
Knox, Charles Edmond, 29.
Knox, Charles George, 29.
Knox, Charles Henry, 26.
Knox, Charles Jeffrey, 28.
Knox, Charles John Beresford, 25,
Knox, Charles Nesbett, 37.
Knox, Charles Stuart, 171.
Knox, Charles William, 42.
Knox, Charles William Cuff, 53.
Knox, Charlotte, 29, 31, 67, 73.
Knox, Charlotte Emily, 40.
Knox, Charlotte Esther, 26.
Knox, Cheney John Maunsell, 28.
Knox, Christian, 54, 63, 64, 66.
Knox, Christina, 25.
Knox, Clara, 25, 49.
Knox, Clara Charlotte, 40.
Knox, Clara Elizabeth, 25.
Knox, Constance Louisa, 38.
Knox, Cuff Howe Charles, 52.
Knox, David, 57, Q6, 73.
Knox, David, of Auchorthly, 6.
Knox, Dawson Thomas, 28.
Knox, Diana Jane, 30.
Knox, Dominick, 46.
Knox, Dorothea, 35.
Knox, Dorothy, 34, 35, 154, 170.
Knox, Edith Kathleen, 38.
Knox, Edith Katherine Mary, 29.
Knox, Edith Maud, 29.
Knox, Edmond Sexton Pery, 30.
Knox, Edmund, 24, 29.
Knox, Edmund Dalrymple, 29.
Knox, Edward, 31, 41.
Knox, Edward Chaloner, 42.
Knox, Edward William John, 40.
Knox, Eleanor, 36.
Knox, Eleanor Anne, 41, 42.
Knox, Ellinor, 35.
Knox, Eliza, 42, 170.
Knox, Elizabeth, 14, 23, 36, 45, 49,
57, 68, 62, 64, 66-69, 129, 135, 137,
142, 147, 148, 152.
Knox, Elizabeth Georgina, 28.
Knox, Elizabeth Henrietta, 32.
Knox, Elizabeth Jane, 27, 31.
Knox, Elizabeth Sinclair, 171.
Knox, Eliza Winckworth, 28.
Knox, Ellis Henry, 28.
Knox, Emily Adela, 41.
Knox, Emily Annie, 26.
Knox, Emily Elizabeth, 28.
Knox, Emily Jane, 28.
Emily Lavinia, 27.
Emily Louisa Diana, 32.
Emily Mabel, 38.
Emma Augusta, 26.
Ernest Adolphus, 42.
Ernest Henry, 38.
Eustace Clialoner, 42.
Evelyn Katherine Isabel, 29.
Faniiy, 25, 30.
Flora Sophia Ann, 32.
Florence Isabel, 38.
Florence May, 32.
Frances, 30, 45.
Frances Elizabeth, 27.
Frances Emily, 26.
Frances Emma, 26.
Frances Harriet, 25.
Frances Leticia, 27.
Frances Maria, 42.
Frances Mary Winifred, 28.
Francis, 34-38, 41, 42.
Francis Arthur, 37, 73.
Francis Robert Bonliam, 42.
Francis William, 36.
Francis William White, 45.
Frederick Charles, 31.
Frederick Edgar, 41.
George, 7,9, 14,15, 24,26,27,
45, 46, 51, 52, 56, 58, 6Q, 170.
George Beresford, 25.
George, D.D., 170, 171.
George Edward, 37.
George James, 27.
George John, 29.
George Nesbit, 170.
George, of Ranfurlie, 7.
George Stuart, 171.
Georgina, 32, 51.
Gilbert, of that Ilk, 6.
Granville Henry, 38.
Granville Henry John, 32.
Granby Robert, 73.
Hannah, 28, 34, 38.
Harriet, 28, 33, 49.
Harriet Anne, 30.
Harriette, 35, 36.
Helen, 16, 20, 40, 56, 63.
Helen Adelaide, 27.
Henrietta Elizabeth, 52.
Henrietta Mary Octavia, 27.
Henry, 23, 24, 53, 63, 64, 66, 71.
Henry Augustus, 36.
Knox, Henry Barry, 27.
Knox, Henry Needham, 31.
Knox, Henry Torrens, 50.
Knox, Henry William, 36-38.
Knox, Hester, 23, 31, 49.
Knox, Hew, 54.
Knox, Hewissa, 10.
Knox, Honoria, 43, 46.
Knox, Horace Chaloner, 42.
Knox, Hugh, 55, 56.
Knox, Ida Mary, 49.
Knox, Isabel Maud, 29.
Knox, Isabella, 27, 28, 56, 65.
Knox, Isabella Antoinette, 37.
Knox, Isabella Frances, 25.
Knox, Isabella Hannah, 29.
Knox, Isabella Mary Cecil, 31.
Knox, Isobel, 16, 57, 58, 63, 73.
Knox, James, 14, 34-36, 41, 47, 55-58,
62, 63, 67-69, 154, 170, 171.
Knox, James Annesley, 36, 38.
Knox, James Fitzroy, 38.
Knox, James Knox Gore, 36.
Knox, James Spencer, 25.
Knox, James Stuart, I7l.
Knox, Jane, 15, 26, 27, 37, 38, 45,
46, 48-50, 58.
Knox, Jane Harriet, 38, 41.
Knox, Jane Kerr, 56.
Knox, Janet, 10, 11, 18, 45, 54, 56-58, 63.
Knox, Janet Elizabeth, 171.
Knox, Jean, 18, 58, 64, 69, 73.
Knox, Jesse Diana, 30.
Knox, Joane, 69.
Knox, Johannes de, 8.
Knox, John, 10, 23, 24. 33-36, 38,
40-42, 47, 48, 51, 52, 54-60, 62, 63,
Knox, John Alexander, 52.
Knox, John Chichester, 28.
Knox, John Ethelred, 42.
Knox, John Frederick, 41.
Knox, John Henry, 31.
Knox, John James, 31.
Knox, John, London, 168, 169.
Knox, John, of Aberdeen, 7.
Knox, John, of Ardmanwell, 9.
Knox, John, of Silvieland, 17, 20.
Knox, John, of that Ilk, 6, 7.
Knox, John, portioner of Ranfurlie,
Knox, John, projector, 168.
Knox, John Russell, 170, 171.
Knox, John Samuel, 48.
Knox, John, the Reformer, 61, 69, 74-
76, 78-120, 122, 124-128, 136-142,
146, 153, 160.
Knox, Johnne, 61, 129, 130, 132.
Knox, Juliana Caroline Frances, 32.
Knox, Katherine, 26,
Knox, Kathleen, 29.
Knox, Lady Jane, 40,
Knox, Lady Louisa Catherine, 52.
Knox, Lady Mary, 39, 46.
Knox, Lawrence, 40.
Knox, Letitia, 51, 52.
Knox, Letitia Wray, 43,
Knox, Lionel Stephen, 31.
Knox, Lionel William, 38.
Knox, Louisa, 26.
Knox, Louise Juliana, 32.
Knox, Lucy, 31.
Knox, Lucy Diana, 30.
Knox, Mabella Josephine, 31.
Knox, Magdalen, 64,
Knox, Major Ernest, 40.
Knox, Major-General, 53.
Knox, Major George, 171.
Knox, Major George Uchter, 27.
Knox, Marcia, 170.
Knox, Marcia Stuart, 171,
Knox, Marcus, 17-20, 33, 46.
Knox, Margaret, 14, 15, 20, 54-57,
63, 66, 67, 69, 129, 135, 139, 141,
Knox, Margaret Clarissa, 25.
Knox, Margaret Stewart, 129.
Knox, Maria, 40.
Knox, Maria Anne, 39-41.
Knox, Marian Diana, 24.
Knox, Marion, 48,
Knox, Marjory, 95, 107.
Knox, Martha, 68, 129, 135, 137, 140.
Knox, Mary, 34, 35, 38, 41, 46-49,
Knox, Mary Anne, 24, 30, 35, 43, 44.
Knox, Mary Fynes Clinton, 49.
Knox, Mary Gisborne, 29.
Knox, Mary Isabella, 26.
Knox, Mary Jane, 170.
Knox, Mary Juliana, 32.
Knox, Mary Letitia, 42.
Knox, Mary Louisa, 26, 32.
Knox, Mary Mina, 36, 38.
Knox, Mary Stuart, 32.
Knox, Maurice, 45, 46.
Knox, Maurice Wilson, 45.
Knox, Michael, 18, 56,
Knox, Mina Eveline Anna, 38.
Knox, Mrs Elizabeth, 23.
Knox, Nathaniel, 60.
Knox, Nathaniel Alexander, 48.
Knox, Nicol, 62, 64.
Knox, Nina Gwendaline, 38.
Knox, Octavia Gertrude, 40.
Knox, Octavius Newry, 31.
Knox of Prehen, 43.
Knox, Ouchtred, of the Craggans. 9.
Knox, Patrick, 14, 15, 62, 65.
Knox, Paul, 62, 69, 136.
Knox, Peter, 10.
Knox, Peter Mitchell, 169.
Knox, Philippa Allen, 43.
Knox, Rachel, 68.
Knox, Rebecca, 49.
Knox, Rev. Barry Henry, 31.
Knox, Rev. Robert Dalzell, 52.
Knox, Richard, 34, 42.
Knox, Right Hon. George, 28.
Knox, Robert, 14, 15, 18, 47, 48, 51,
54-57, 63, 66, 68, 69, 73.
Knox, Robert Augustus, 40.
Knox, Robert Henry, 36.
Knox, Robert John, 42, 43, 49.
Knox, Robert John Shejfhngton, 29.
Knox, Robert Kyle, 48,
Knox, Robert Uchtred, 28.
Knox, Robert William, 56.
Knox, Ross, 36.
Knox, Ross Mahon, 36.
Knox, Samuel, 48.
Knox, Sara, 48.
Knox, Sarah, 25, 26, 35, 37, 48, 49, 73.
Knox, Selina Elizabeth, 27.
Knox, Simon, 62, 65.
Knox, Sir John, 77.
Knox, Skene, 73.
Knox, St Clair Stuart, 73.
Knox, St George Henr}', 36.
Knox, Susan Euphemia, 31.
Knox, Susanna, 15.
Knox, Sydne)', 39, 48.
Knox, Thomas, 14, 15, 18, 20-25, 27-
30, 32, 45, 46, 49, 55, 56, 67, 73,167.
Knox, Thomas Edmond, 30.
Knox, Thomas Fortescue, 25.
Knox, Thomas Francis, 31.
Knox, Thomas George, 25.
Knox, Thomas George Keith, 28.
Knox, Thomas Granville, 32.
Knox, Thomas Granville Henry Stuart,
Knox, Thomas John, 25, 26, 29.
Knox, Thomas Pery, 27.
Knox, Thomas (Ranfurly), 33-35, 54.
Knox, Thomas Vesey Melrith, 28.
Knox, Uchred, 56,
Knox, Uchreid, 15,
Knox, Uchter, 9-11, 14, 16, 17.
Knox, Uchter John Mark, 33.
Knox, Uchtred, 7, 10, 14, 16.
Knox, Uchtred, de Craigends, 8, 9.
Knox, Utred Augustus, 41.
Knox, Vesey, 24, 28.
Knox, Yesey Thomas Edmund, 24.
Knox, Vicesimus, 169.
Knox, Victoria Anne, 40.
Knox, Violet Mary, 32.
Knox, Walls, 74.
Knox, Walter Frederic, 42.
Knox, W. & J., 55, 56.
Knox, Welhy, 49.
Knox, William, 7, 18-20, 23-26, 33-
35, 38, 47, 55, 60-70, 75, 154, 168,
Knox, William Arthur Logan, 28,
Knox, William Bevington, 48.
Knox, William Craig, 169.
Knox, William Ferguson, 26.
Knox, William George, 31, 52.
Knox, William James, 48.
Knox, William, of Silvieland, 1 0, 1 4, 1 7.
Knox, William, poet, 167.
Knox, William Stuart, 32.
Knox, William Stuart Griffiths, 171.
Knox, W. Thomas, 172.
Knox, Wright, 48-50.
Knoxe, Jok of, 6.
Knoxis, Eleazare, 135, 137-139.
Knoxis, Nathanaell, 135, 137-139.
Kyle, Mary, 48.
Laidlaw, Mary, 66.
Lambert, Colonel, 71.
Lambert, Joseph, 38.
Lamond, John, 8.
Lant, Alexandrina H. W,, 31.
Lant, Isabella E., 31.
Lawrence, Baron, 43, 171.
Lawrence, Colonel Alex., 43.
LaAvrence, General Sir Heniy Mont-
Lawrence, William, 43.
Lecky, James Orr, 49.
Leet, Constance Mina, 38.
Leet, Edward, 38.
Lennox, Earl of, 114, 116, 120.
Leslie, Agnes, 6,
Leslie, Christina, 25.
Leslie, Henry, 6, 148.
Leslie, Kev. Edward, 25.
Lindsay, David, 123.
Lindsay, Sir Dayid, 79.
Lindsell, Caroline, 49.
Lindsell, Eobert, 49.
Livingstone, Jean, 141.
Livingstone, John, 149.
Lochquareit, 153, 154, 161, 162.
Loeffel, Benjamina, 46.
Loefifel, Captain, 46.
Logan, Elizabeth Georgina, 28.
Logan, Emily Jane, 28.
Logan, Rev. T. D., 28.
Logan, Thomas Dawson, 28.
Lome, Archibald, Lord, 93.
Loudon, John, 151.
Lumsden, James, 123.
Lyle, Agnes, 9.
Lyon, Archibald, 18, 19.
Lyon, Donald, 19.
Lyon, Isobel, 18, 19.
Lyle, Lyle, 9.
Macaulay, Sir Robert, 10.
MacCausland, Dominick, 46.
MacCausland, Mary, 46.
Macgill, Agnes, 161.
Macgill, Alice, 161.
Macgill, Anne, 161.
Macgill, Fanny, 161.
Macgill, Francis, 159-161,
Macgill, George, 160.
Macgill, James, 132.
Macgill, Moncrieff Henry, 161.
Macgill, Stevenson, 160,
Macgill, Thomas, 159, 160.
Macgill, Wakefield Jacob, 161.
Macgill,- William, 161,
Mack, Isobel, 73,
Mack, John, 73.
Maclaren, Charles, 157.
Maclaren, Jane, 157.
Macnaughten, John, 43-45,
M'Affee, Anne, 47, .
M'Affee, William, 47,
M'Causland, Fanny, 30.
M'Causland, Rev. Marcus, 30.
M 'Gavin, William, 160.
M 'Master, Colonel, 42,
M 'Master, Mary Letitia, 42,
M'Pherson, Rev. Finlay, 68.
Madden, Clara Elizabeth, 25,
Madden, John, 25.
Mahon, Jane, 45.
Mahon, Sir Ross, 35.
Mahon, Thomas, 45.
Maitland, Robert, 137.
Maitland of Lethington, 93, 104,
Malcolm, Andrew George, 67.
Maling, Christopher Thomson, 156.
Maling, Maliny, 156.
Martin, Alexander, 157.
Martin, Alison, 157.
Martin, Elizabeth, 157, 159.
Martin, John, 161.
Mary of Lorraine, 93.
Mary Queen of Scots, 107, 111, 119.
Maunsell, Lucy Diana, 30.
Maunsell, W. William, 30.
Maxwell, Elizabeth, 157.
Maxwell, George, 15, 17.
Maxwell, Hector, 143.
Maxwell, John, 10, 157.
Maxwell, Margaret, 15-18, 143.
Melville, James, 121.
Menteith, Earl of, 102.
Merchingstoun, William, 131, 132.
Merschell, Nudry, 131.
Merton, William, 161.
!Mertyne, Helen, 131.
Mill, Walter, 97, 98.
Miller, Alison, 159.
Miller, AVilliam, 159.
Minnymore, 43, 170.
Mitchell, Agnes, 168.
Mitchell, Peter, 169.
Monktoun, Litell, 131, 132.
Montgomery, Elizabeth, 165.
Montgomery, Lord, 116.
Montgomery, Robert, 165.
Moore, Colonel Roger, M.P., 34.
Moore, Hannah, 34.
Morton, Earl of, 116, 122, 123, 128.
Moiitray, James, 23.
Moutray, Hester, 23.
Muir, Jane Kerr, 56.
Miiir, Janet, 56.
Muir, Robert, 16.
Mure, Jean, 16.
Mure, Sir William, 16.
Murray, Earl of, 6,93,109,113,114,118.
Murray, Sir John, 69.
Musgrave, Countess of, 156.
Napier, George, 157.
Nash, Abner, 165.
Nesbit, Catherine, 170.
Nesbit, George, 170.
Nesbit, James, 170.
Nesbit, Mary, 170.
Newbattle, 153-155, 167.
Newton, Alice, 40.
Norham Castle, 89, 90.
Northland, Anne, Viscountess, 24, 25.
Northland, Viscount, 24, 25.
Northumberland, Duke of, 86-88.
Norton, Captain, 148.
Ochiltree, Lord, 102, 113.
0' Grady, Eliza, 38.
Oliphant, James, 130.
O'Neill, Jesse Diana, 30.
O'Neill, Rev. J. T., 30.
Ormsby, Emily Lavinia, 27.
Ormsby, General, R.A., 27.
Palmer, Charity, 38.
Palmer, Francis, 38.
Palmer, Hannah, 38, 39.
Palmer, Mary, 34, 38.
Palmer, Roger, 34.
Parkinson, Helen, 154, 155, 162.
Parsons, Lady Jane, 40.
Paterson, Margaret, 162.
Patton, Eliza, 158.
Patton, Mar}' Anne, 158.
Patton, William, 158.
Peel, John, 37.
Pery, Diana Jane, 30.
Pery, Edmond, Viscount, 30.
Pintard, Eliza, 165.
Pomeroy, Frances Leticia, 27.
Pomeroy, Hon. and Rev. A. W., 27.
Pont, Mrs Margaret, 142.
Pont, Hobert, 141.
Pont, Samuel, 142.
Pont, Timothy, 141.
Portarlington, Earl of, 28.
Porterfield, John, 11, 1 44.
Postlethwaite, Anne, 161.
Postlethwaite, Thomas Marshall, 161.
Prestoun, Archibald, 132.
Prestoun, Richard, 131.
Provost, Frances, 165.
Provost, James, 165.
Provost, Stanhope Smith, 165.
Provost, Theodosia, 165.
Purvis, Rev. David, 68.
Quhitelaw, Alexander, 61.
Ramsay, Dr David, 165.
Ramsay, Frances, 165.
Ranfurlie, 8, 10, 11, 17, 22, 43, 47,
Ranfurly, Earl of, 30-32.
Ranfurlj'', Mabella, Countess of, 31.
Ranken, Janet, 158.
Rannaldson, Sir John, 9.
Reade, John Page, 32.
Reade, Mary Stuart, 32.
Reynolds, Dr P. F., 51.
Riccio, David, 116, 117, 139.
Rice, Lucy Spring, 31.
Rice, Mary, 48.
Rice, Robert, 48.
Rice, the Hon. Spring S. E,, 31.
Richards, Caroline, 46.
Richardson, Isobel, 58.
Richardson, Janet, 57.
Rigg of Carberry, 62.
Rimington, Harriet, 33.
Rimington, James, 33.
Robert II., 113.
Robert, Duke of Albany, 113,
Robertson, Jean, 163.
Robertson, "William, 161.
Rogers, Rev. "William J., 37.
Rogers, Sarah, 73.
Rooper, Bonfoy John, 32.
Rooper, Georgina, 32.
Roper, Isabella, 31.
Ross, D. R., 30.
Ross, Harriet Anne, 30.
Rosse, Earl of, 40.
Rothes, Conntess of, 152.
Rothes, Earl of, 102, 151, 152.
Rough, John, 79-81.
Ruthven, Lord, 102, 110, 116.
Rutledge, Dorothea, 35.
Rutledge, Dorothy, 35.
Rutledge, Peter, 35.
Rutledge, Thomas, 35.
Samuelston, 75, 77, 78.
Sandilands, Sir James, 93.
Schortes, Elizabeth, 58.
Scott, Sir Walter, 161, 166, 167.
Scott, Walter, 155.
Sempell, Robert, 10.
Semple, Barbara, 18.
Semj)le, Janet, 11, 17.
Semple, Lord, 10.
Seton, Lord, 116.
Seyton, Lord, 61.
Sharp, Archbishop, 151.
Shaw, Ann, 163.
Shaw, Elizabeth, 67.
Shaw, Rev. Thomas, 67.
Simon, Barbara Anne, 156, 157.
Sinclair, Bishop, 112.
Sinclair, Marion, 75.
Sinclair, Sir John, 161.
Sinclair, William, 75.
Six-Mile-Water, the, 148, 149.
Slater, Caroline, 158.
Slater, Colonel, 158. •
Sligo, Marquis of, 52.
Smith, Ann, 30.
Smith, Colonel Henry, 30.
Smith, Eliza Stanhope, 165.
Smith, Frances Stanhope, 165.
Smith, Rev. Stanhope, 165.
Smith, Stanhope Anne, 165, 166.
Smith, Susan Stanhope, 166.
Smith, W. John, 165.
Smyth, Duncan, 55.
Smyth, Janet, 55.
Smyth, Margaret, 55.
Smyth, Marion, 55.
Smyth, NicoU, 55.
Smyth, Robert, 55.
Solomons, Caroline, 166.
Solomons, Derick, M.D., 166.
Solomons, Susan, 166.
Somner, Jane, 157.
Somner, Richard, 157.
Southey, Robert, 167.
Spang, Andrew, 20.
Spang, Elizabeth, 20, 23.
Spang, William, 20.
Spencer, Anne, 25.
Spencer, James, 25.
Spens, Margaret, 130.
Squire, Mary, 166.
St Andrews, 76-82, 99, 101, 102, 104,
115, 121, 122.
St George, Alice Caroline, 43.
Staples, Anne, 27.
Staples, Sir Thomas, Bart., 27.
Stevenson, Barbara Anne, 25.
Stevenson, John, 25.
Stewart, George, 12.
Stewart, Margaret, 113, 135-137, 139,
Stirling, 99-102, 104, 111, 115, 118,
Strange, Colonel H. F., C.B., 27.
Stuart, James, Lord, 93, 96, 101, 102,
104, 108, 109.
Stuart, Mary Jane, 170.
Stuart, Most Rev. William, 32.
Sturler, de, Henrietta Mary Octavia,
Sutton, Miss, 24.
Swyne, William, 131.
Sympsoun, David, 132.
Talbot of Grafton, 90.
Taylor, Edward, 32.
Templepatrick, 148, 149, 153, 154.
Thomson, Thomas, 131.
Tisdall, Isabella, 28.
Tisdall, J., 28.
Tod, George, 131.
Todd, Alexander, 166.
Todd, Anne, 166.
Todd, Isabella, 166.
Todd, James, 166.
Todd, Mary, 166.
Todd, Susan, 166.
Tomkins, Andrew, 43.
Tomkins, Honoria, 43.
Trotter, Agnes Bruce, 74.
Trotter, Charlotte, 73.
Trotter, Colonel Robert Knox, 74.
Trotter, St Clair Stuart, 73.
Trotter, Thomas, 73.
Trotter, William, 74.
Truell, Frances Emily, 26.
Truell, Vesey Robert, 26.
Tullideph, Jean, 73.
Tullidepb, Principal, 73.
Tullideph, Rev. John, 73.
Tunstall, Bishop of Durham, 82.
Turnbull, Barbara, 167.
Twigge, Captain, 48.
Twigge, Sara, 48.
Vaughan, ]\Iatthew, 39.
Vaughan, Sydney, 39.
Vere, Jane Hope, 30.
Vere, William Hope, 30.
Vernour, Williame, 131.
Vesci, Viscount de, 24.
Yesey, Hon. and Rev. Arthur, 27.
Vesey, Jane, 27.
Walker, Anne, 162, 163, 166.
Walker, Ann Shaw, 163.
Walker, Archibald, 162, 163.
Walker, Christian, 162.
Walker, Elizabeth, 163.
Walker, David, 151, 153, 162, 163.
Walker, Gabriel, 166.
Walker, James, 151, 153.
Walker, Jean, 163.
Walker, Josias, 153, 162, 163.
Walker, Juliana Caroline Frances, 32.
Walker, Major, 48.
Walker, Margaret, 162, 163.
Walker, Marion, 48.
Walker, Russel, 163.
Walker, Sir Edward Forester, 32.
Walker, Susan, 166.
Walker, Thomas, 162, 163.
Wall, Ann, 48.
Wallace, William, 54.
Walsh, J., 42.
Walsh, IMary Letitia, 42,
Ward, Mary Ann, 24.
Ward, Rev. Bernard, 24.
Waring, Henry, 23.
Washington, General, 53.
Watsoun, Robert, 136.
Wauchope, Williame, 131.
Wawaris, Andro, 9.
Wedderburn, David, 147.
Welles, Baron, 24.
Welsh, Alexander, 155, 161, 162.
Welsh, Alison, 155-157, 162.
Welsh, Captain George, 149, 150.
Welsh, Colonel, 156.
Welsh, Cuthbert, 143.
Welsh, David, 143, 156.
Welsh, Dean Robert, 142.
Welsh, Elizabeth, 142, 147, 148, 152,
Welsh, Frances, 157, 159.
Welsh, George, 156, 157, 161.
Welsh, Helen, 154, 155, 162.
Welsh, Isabel, 162.
Welsh, Jean, 157, 161.
Welsh, John, 141, 144, 145, 147, 148,
150, 152, 153.
Welsh, Josias, 147-149, 154, 155, 161.
Welsh, Katherine, 154, 162,
Welsh, Tiouise, 147, 152.
Welsh, Maliny, 156.
Welsh, Margaret, 143, 146, 147.
Welsh, Mariva, 143.
Welsh, Mungo, 162.
Welsh, Nathaniel, 147.
Welsh, Nicolas, 142.
Welsh, Shirley, 156,
Welsh, Thomas, 143, 156, 157, 162.
Welsh, AValter, 153-155, 161, 162.
Welsh, Wmiam, 147, 153, 154,
Wesley, John, 53.
Weymis, Agnes, 129.
Weston, Dr, 84.
Wharton, Lord, 87.
White, Anne, 160.
White, Elizabeth, 45.
White, Francis, 45.
White, Jane, 161.
White, John, 160.
White, Thomas, 161.
Whittingham Mains, 58.
Whittingham, William, 93, 96, 137.
Whynrahame, Robert, 131.
Wiclif, Henry, 90.
Wigram, Isabella, 27.
Wigram, Octavius, 27.
William, King, 64.
Williams, Emma, 24.
Williams, Thomas, 24.
Willock, John, 93, 102, 103.
Wilson, Anne Maple, 45.
Wilson, James, 45.
Winram, John, 80.
Wishart, George, 78, 80, 96.
Wishart of Pitarrow, 96,
Withersj)oon, Anne, 164-166.
Witherspoon, David, 164, 165.
Witherspoon, Elizabeth, 165.
AVitherspoon, Frances, 165.
Witherspoon, James, 163-165.
Witherspoon, John, 164, 165.
Witherspoon, Josias, 164.
Witherspoon, Susan, 164, 166.
Woddrop, Margaret, 63.
Wotherspoon, Rev. William, 161.
Wray, Letitia, 43.
Wricht, Adam, 131.
Wright, Mary, 48.
Wright, William, 48.
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